android – Appcompat Toolbar Not Showing With Navigation Drawer-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am trying to configure the following in my app:

  • Toolbar (Appcompat v7 version)
  • Navigation Drawer
  • Pre-Lollipop Appcompat v7 Material theme

I followed the instructions here: http://android-developers.blogspot.com/2014/10/appcompat-v21-material-design-for-pre.html

However, after declaring .NoActionBar in the theme, as well as putting the toolbar in the layout, my toolbar does not show. What I end up getting is exactly what you’d expect when declaring no action bar — no action bar. Here is the layout:

<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/drawer_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

<!-- Toolbar -->
<include layout="@layout/toolbar"/>

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/layout_main"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <Spinner
        android:id="@+id/spinner_main"
        android:visibility="gone"
        android:textAlignment="center"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
        android:entries="@array/error_loading_content_array"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/container"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0px"></FrameLayout>

</LinearLayout>

<fragment
    android:id="@+id/navigation_drawer"
    android:layout_width="@dimen/navigation_drawer_width"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_gravity="start"
    android:name=".NavigationDrawerFragment"
    tools:layout="@layout/fragment_navigation_drawer"/>

Toolbar.xml:

<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
android:id="@+id/toolbar"
app:theme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar"
android:minHeight="?attr/actionBarSize"
android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

In MainActivity.java:

// Load view/layout
setContentView(R.layout.guidelib_activity_main);

// TODO: Toolbar not showing
mToolbar = (Toolbar)findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
setSupportActionBar(mToolbar);
getSupportActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
getSupportActionBar().setHomeButtonEnabled(true);

Solution

<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/linearlayout_root_main"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
        android:id="@+id/drawer_layout"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        tools:context=".MainActivity">

        <LinearLayout
            android:id="@+id/layout_main"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:orientation="vertical">

            <!-- Toolbar -->
            <!-- Moved up to new LinearLayout root tag -->
            <!--<include layout="@layout/toolbar"/>-->
            ... 
How to solve:

DrawerLayout extends FrameLayout, but you are treating it like a LinearLayout. You can either wrap your tag and the following LinearLayout in another LinearLayout, or you can move your tag.

Also, “fill_parent” is deprecated and maps to “match_parent” so you should just use the latter. You can also remove the additional xmlns attributes in your LinearLayout element.

<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/drawer_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <LinearLayout
        android:id="@+id/layout_main"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

            <!-- Toolbar -->
            <include layout="@layout/toolbar"/>
            ...

Your original layout did not work because the Toolbar was hidden (z-ordered) behind the LinearLayout.

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