android – Change options menu during runtime – invalidateOptionsMenu()-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am creating a menu where one of the items is used the lock an object. When this item is clicked, the menu should be recreated with a button to unlock the item. I created two menus for this. This is working fine. I read that in Android version >= 11 the onPrepareOptionsMenu is no longer called when displaying the menu and I have to call invalidateOptionsMenu(). So I changed the build target (both in the Manifest and in properties) to 11 and ran the app on an AVD of 4.0.3. The program is still working fine, but I thought it shouldn’t anymore, and I should check

if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 11)
{
  invalidateOptionsMenu();
}

This is my code:

public class MainActivity3 extends Activity{

    boolean locked;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        locked = false;
    }

      @Override
      public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu){
            MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();
            inflater.inflate(R.menu.changing_menu1, menu);

            return true;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {

            menu.clear();
            MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();

            if (locked) {
                inflater.inflate(R.menu.changing_menu2, menu);
            }
            else {
                inflater.inflate(R.menu.changing_menu1, menu);
            }

        return super.onPrepareOptionsMenu(menu);
        }

        public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
            switch (item.getItemId()) {

          case R.id.Menu1:
          break;

          case R.id.Menu2 :
          break;

          case R.id.Menu3 :
          locked = !locked;
          break;

           }
        return true;
        }
}

So the Menu is still refreshed/recreated in 4.0.
Did I misunderstand something about the usage of invalidateOptionsMenu();?

How to solve:

invalidateOptionsMenu() was added to give us the ability to force onCreateOptionsMenu() to be called again. onPrepareOptionsMenu() is still called every time you call the menu.

What you are trying to achieve above is a good example of when to use invalidateOptionsMenu() but because of backwards compatibility you will need to do both:

if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 11) {
  invalidateOptionsMenu();
}


@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu){
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 11) {
        selectMenu(menu);
    }
    return true;
}

@Override
public boolean onPrepareOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < 11) {
        selectMenu(menu);
    }
    return true;
}

private void selectMenu(Menu menu) {
    menu.clear();
    MenuInflater inflater = getMenuInflater();

    if (locked) {
        inflater.inflate(R.menu.changing_menu2, menu);
    }
    else {
        inflater.inflate(R.menu.changing_menu1, menu);
    }
}

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