android – CoordinatorLayout and AppBarLayout elevation-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’ve created an AppBar layout like this

<android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/appbar_layout"
    android:layout_height="@dimen/app_bar_height"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    android:theme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar"
    app:elevation="20dp">

    <android.support.design.widget.CollapsingToolbarLayout...>
</android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

it works and casts a shadow in the LinearLayout:

<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <include layout="@layout/app_bar_large" />
</LinearLayout>

However when I put it into the CoordinatorLayout shadow is gone:

<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" 
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <include layout="@layout/app_bar_large" />
</android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

How can I make appbar to show its shadow again?

enter image description here

How to solve:

This is actually an implementation detail of CollapsingToolbarLayout, as seen in the source code:

if (Math.abs(verticalOffset) == scrollRange) {
  // If we have some pinned children, and we're offset to only show those views,
  // we want to be elevate
  ViewCompat.setElevation(layout, layout.getTargetElevation());
} else {
  // Otherwise, we're inline with the content
  ViewCompat.setElevation(layout, 0f);
}

Which removes the elevation when the CollapsingToolbarLayout is showing non-pinned elements – by default, it’ll only have elevation when only pinned children are visible.

###

the reason is above,try this to solve:

appBarLayout.addOnOffsetChangedListener(new AppBarLayout.OnOffsetChangedListener() {
        @Override
        public void onOffsetChanged(AppBarLayout appBarLayout, int verticalOffset) {
            //some other code here
            ViewCompat.setElevation(appBarLayout, The Elevation In Px);
        }
    });

###

The solution is to use app:elevation=0dp to remove the default elevation and set android:translationZ to the elevation you want.

Note : The code below uses the latest AndroidX / Material libraries and might not work if you’re using the old support library

<com.google.android.material.appbar.AppBarLayout
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:translationZ="8dp"
    app:elevation="0dp">

    <!--
      * `app:elevation=0dp` disables the default shadow that is automatically added on scroll ;
    other values e.g. `6dp` are ignored despite what the official doc says (see below)
      * so instead we're using `android:translationZ` to add a shadow with a custom elevation
    -->

The documentation for AppBarLayout # setTargetElevation() states that you can set a custom elevation value using the app:elevation attribute, but it didn’t work for me for values greated than 0dp, so I’m using translationZ as workaround.

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