android – Gradle + Robolectric: Where do I put the file org.robolectric.Config.properties?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’m trying to setup a test using Robolectric to click on a menu button in this repository. Basic Robolectric tests will run, but I’m not able to run any project-specific test using resources because it says it can’t find my AndroidManifest.xml. After running ../gradlew clean check, here’s the standard output from the Robolectric html file:

WARNING: No manifest file found at ./AndroidManifest.xml.Falling back to the Android OS resources only.
To remove this warning, annotate your test class with @Config(manifest=Config.NONE).

I found these instructions which indicate I should create an org.robolectric.Config.properties file, but I’m not sure where to put it. I’ve tried everywhere, pretty much, and despite moving the file, the path in the error message is always the same as above (./AndroidManifest.xml). This makes me think the build process has never picked up the settings in the file org.robolectric.Config.properties.

I also tried the @Config(manifest=””) directive but this gave me a cannot find symbol error. If I move the AndroidManifest.xml into my project directory, then I get an error about it not being able to find the path ./res/values and I wasn’t able to resolve that either. Any ideas?

Update 1

Thanks Eugen, I’m now using @RunWith(RobolectricGradleTestRunner.class) instead of @RunWith(RobolectricTestRunner).

Now I get a different error, still occurring on the same line of my BasicTest.java

KeywordList keywordList = Robolectric.buildActivity(KeywordList.class).create().get();

Below are results from the standard error, standard output, and “failed tests” tab in the Robolectric test report:

Note: I also tried substituting in a jar built from the latest Robolectric updates, robolectric-2.2-SNAPSHOT.jar, but still got an error.

Standard Error

WARNING: no system properties value for ro.build.date.utc

Standard Output

DEBUG: Loading resources for net.frontlinesms.android from ~/workspace-studio/frontlinesms-for-android/FrontlineSMS/build/res/all/debug...
DEBUG: Loading resources for android from jar:~/.m2/repository/org/robolectric/android-res/4.1.2_r1_rc/android-res-4.1.2_r1_rc-real.jar!/res...
INFO: no id mapping found for android:drawable/scrollbar_handle_horizontal; assigning ID #0x1140002
INFO: no id mapping found for android:drawable/scrollbar_handle_vertical; assigning ID #0x1140003
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/highlighted_text_dark; assigning ID #0x1140004
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/hint_foreground_dark; assigning ID #0x1140005
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/link_text_dark; assigning ID #0x1140006
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark_disabled; assigning ID #0x1140007
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark; assigning ID #0x1140008
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark_inverse_disabled; assigning ID #0x1140009
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/dim_foreground_dark_inverse; assigning ID #0x114000a
INFO: no id mapping found for android:color/bright_foreground_dark_inverse; assigning ID #0x114000b
INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000c
INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_no_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000d
INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_side_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000e
INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_side_no_paste_window; assigning ID #0x114000f
INFO: no id mapping found for android:layout/text_edit_suggestion_item; assigning ID #0x1140010

Failed Tests

android.view.InflateException: XML file ~/workspace-studio/frontlinesms-for-android/FrontlineSMS/build/res/all/debug/layout/rule_list.xml line #-1 (sorry, not yet implemented): Error inflating class net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:613)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352)
at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272)
at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java)
at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5008)
at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126)
at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93)
at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24)
at org.gradle.messaging.remote.internal.hub.MessageHub$Handler.run(MessageHub.java:355)
at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.DefaultExecutorFactory$StoppableExecutorImpl$1.run(DefaultExecutorFactory.java:66)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.runTask(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:895)
at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:918)
at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:680)
Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createView(LayoutInflater.java:587)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.robolectric.bytecode.ShadowWrangler$ShadowMethodPlan.run(ShadowWrangler.java:455)
at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java)
at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70)
at android.app.Activity.$$robo$$Activity_c57b_performCreate(Activity.java:5008)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126)
at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93)
at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
... 7 more
Caused by: android.view.InflateException: XML file ~/workspace-studio/frontlinesms-for-android/FrontlineSMS/build/res/all/debug/layout/actionbar.xml line #-1 (sorry, not yet implemented): Error inflating class android.widget.ProgressBar
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:613)
at org.robolectric.shadows.RoboLayoutInflater.onCreateView(RoboLayoutInflater.java:38)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:660)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:685)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:749)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar.<init>(ActionBar.java:65)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:587)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352)
at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272)
at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java)
at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:5008)
at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126)
at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93)
at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103)
... 7 more
Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createView(LayoutInflater.java:587)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java)
at org.robolectric.shadows.RoboLayoutInflater.onCreateView(RoboLayoutInflater.java:38)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:660)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:685)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:749)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar.<init>(ActionBar.java:65)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:513)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createView(LayoutInflater.java:587)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.$$robo$$LayoutInflater_1d1f_inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java)
at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowActivity.setContentView(ShadowActivity.java:272)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.robolectric.bytecode.ShadowWrangler$ShadowMethodPlan.run(ShadowWrangler.java:455)
at android.app.Activity.setContentView(Activity.java)
at net.frontlinesms.android.activity.KeywordList.onCreate(KeywordList.java:70)
at android.app.Activity.$$robo$$Activity_c57b_performCreate(Activity.java:5008)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController$1.run(ActivityController.java:119)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowLooper.runPaused(ShadowLooper.java:256)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:114)
at org.robolectric.util.ActivityController.create(ActivityController.java:126)
at net.frontlinesms.android.BasicTest.setUp(BasicTest.java:30)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod$1.runReflectiveCall(FrameworkMethod.java:47)
at org.junit.internal.runners.model.ReflectiveCallable.run(ReflectiveCallable.java:12)
at org.junit.runners.model.FrameworkMethod.invokeExplosively(FrameworkMethod.java:44)
at org.junit.internal.runners.statements.RunBefores.evaluate(RunBefores.java:24)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$2.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:241)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runLeaf(ParentRunner.java:271)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:70)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.runChild(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:50)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$3.run(ParentRunner.java:238)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$1.schedule(ParentRunner.java:63)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.runChildren(ParentRunner.java:236)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.access$000(ParentRunner.java:53)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner$2.evaluate(ParentRunner.java:229)
at org.robolectric.RobolectricTestRunner$1.evaluate(RobolectricTestRunner.java:177)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.run(ParentRunner.java:309)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.runTestClass(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:80)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassExecuter.execute(JUnitTestClassExecuter.java:47)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.junit.JUnitTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(JUnitTestClassProcessor.java:69)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.SuiteTestClassProcessor.processTestClass(SuiteTestClassProcessor.java:49)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:35)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ReflectionDispatch.dispatch(ReflectionDispatch.java:24)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ContextClassLoaderDispatch.dispatch(ContextClassLoaderDispatch.java:32)
at org.gradle.messaging.dispatch.ProxyDispatchAdapter$DispatchingInvocationHandler.invoke(ProxyDispatchAdapter.java:93)
at com.sun.proxy.$Proxy2.processTestClass(Unknown Source)
at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.testing.worker.TestWorker.processTestClass(TestWorker.java:103)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:25)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:597)
... 7 more
Caused by: java.lang.ClassCastException: org.robolectric.res.AttrData cannot be cast to org.robolectric.res.StyleData
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowAssetManager$StyleResolver.getParent(ShadowAssetManager.java:353)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowAssetManager$StyleResolver.getAttrValue(ShadowAssetManager.java:336)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources.findAttributeValue(ShadowResources.java:259)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources.attrsToTypedArray(ShadowResources.java:188)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources.access$000(ShadowResources.java:51)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowResources$ShadowTheme.obtainStyledAttributes(ShadowResources.java:460)
at android.content.res.Resources$Theme.obtainStyledAttributes(Resources.java)
at android.content.Context.obtainStyledAttributes(Context.java:374)
at android.view.View.__constructor__(View.java:3297)
at org.fest.reflect.method.Invoker.invoke(Invoker.java:112)
at org.robolectric.shadows.ShadowView.__constructor__(ShadowView.java:68)
at android.view.View.<init>(View.java:3295)
at android.widget.ProgressBar.<init>(ProgressBar.java:253)
at android.widget.ProgressBar.<init>(ProgressBar.java:246)
at android.widget.ProgressBar.<init>(ProgressBar.java:242)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:587)
at org.robolectric.shadows.RoboLayoutInflater.onCreateView(RoboLayoutInflater.java:38)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.onCreateView(LayoutInflater.java:660)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:685)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:749)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at net.frontlinesms.android.ui.view.ActionBar.<init>(ActionBar.java:65)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createView(LayoutInflater.java:587)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.createViewFromTag(LayoutInflater.java:687)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.rInflate(LayoutInflater.java:746)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:489)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:396)
at android.view.LayoutInflater.inflate(LayoutInflater.java:352)
at org.robolectric.tester.android.view.RoboWindow.setContentView(RoboWindow.java:82)
[truncated, hit stack overflow character limit...]
How to solve:

I finally found the right place to put it. First, the structure of my application is shown as below:

my application is under

app/src/main/

my test application is under

app/src/test/

You should name the property file as robolectric.properties and put it under

src/test/resources/ 

The content of robolectric.properties is

manifest: src/main/AndroidManifest.xml

Then, the test program can finally locate the property file!

###

The src/test/resources path as mentioned on the Robolectric blog seems to work for the org.robolectric.Config.properties file with the test plugin and Robolectric SNAPSHOTS.
The RobolectricGradleTestRunner is no longer required.

###

I am using the robolectric gradle plugin and I faced (or am still facing 😉 serious problems with junit testing in AS.

However, once thing that I just found out is the location of the org.robolectric.Config.properties. I too tried many places in the source project, but AS only started picking it up after I put it into build/test-classes.

You can have a look at my gradle build script at: Debug gradle-based unit tests with IntelliJ / AndroidStudio

Other steps necessary to get it unit tests running in AS:

  1. Reorder the <orderEntry type="jdk" ... /> to the end of the list in your <app>.iml file (this is to prevent the Stub!! exceptions, see: https://github.com/robolectric/deckard-gradle) – this step must be repeated, each time you sync with gradle.

  2. Add the compiled test files folder to your <app>.iml file. Add <output-test url="file://$MODULE_DIR$/build/test-classes" /> directly after <output url=... /> (see: Android Studio + Robolectric + Gradle Class Not Found Exception )

  3. Compile you app with gradle: gradlew app:clean app:testDebug or something like that. I noticed that AS does compile only the source files, but somehow does not compile the test classes, at least not anywhere into the /build folder. Gradle on the other hand properly compiles your test classes to /build/test-classes and with the configuration in step 2) AS will also pick them up, once compiled. Of course this step has to be repeated, each time you modify your test classes.
    (Note: I also found another solution from Eugen, see: https://stackoverflow.com/a/24140796/1406325 – i haven’t tried that one yet, but it seems doing so does not require the extra step to compile with gradle)

  4. Put your org.robolectric.Config.properties into /build/test-classes (since with step 2) AS will pick it up now.

  5. If you also have references to other libraries, you might be in a need of a project.properties file (that is if you are facing Resources$NotFoundException problems when running your tests). Again, where to put this file? It goes into <app>/src/main (See: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/robolectric/gjpwqRICT5U)

    android.library.reference.1=../../../library/src/main
    

Hope that helps!

###

I had luck putting org.robolectric.Config.properties in src/test/res, but not src/test/resources.

###

Best way is to override getConfigProperties() in a subclass of RobolectricTestRunner by putting the property file in a folder and specifying the path as follows:

@Override
    protected Properties getConfigProperties() {
        FsFile fs = Fs.currentDirectory();
        InputStream resourceAsStream = null;
        try {
            File f = new File(fs.getPath() + <location-to-file-from-root-dir> + <file-name>);
            resourceAsStream = new FileInputStream(f);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            resourceAsStream = null;
        }
        if (resourceAsStream == null) return null;
        Properties properties = new Properties();
        try {
            properties.load(resourceAsStream);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
        return properties;
    }

###

I see that you’re following this:
https://github.com/square/gradle-android-test-plugin

I think you should modify your @RunWith(RobolectricTestRunner.class) to the @RunWith(RobolectricGradleTestRunner.class)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *