Android MediaCodec AAC encoder-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I use the MediaCodec class provided by the Android SDK since API level 16 with the OMX.SEC.aac.enc encoder to encode audio to a file. I get the audio
input from the AudioRecord class. My instance of the AudioRecord class is configured like this:

bufferSize = AudioRecord.getMinBufferSize(44100, AudioFormat.CHANNEL_IN_STEREO, AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT);
recorder = new AudioRecord(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC, 44100, AudioFormat.CHANNEL_IN_STEREO, AudioFormat.ENCODING_DEFAULT, bufferSize);

I am able to play the raw data from the AudioRecord instance, so the problem does not reside there.

I write the output from the AudioRecord instance to a ByteBuffer instance and pass it to an available input buffer from the encoder. The output from the encoder is written to a file on the SD-card.

These are the configuration parameters for my MediaCodec instance:

codec = MediaCodec.createEncoderByType("audio/mp4a-latm");
MediaFormat format = new MediaFormat();
format.setString(MediaFormat.KEY_MIME, "audio/mp4a-latm");
format.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_BIT_RATE, 64 * 1024);
format.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_CHANNEL_COUNT, 2);
format.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_SAMPLE_RATE, 44100);
format.setInteger(MediaFormat.KEY_AAC_PROFILE, MediaCodecInfo.CodecProfileLevel.AACObjectHE);
codec.configure(format, null, null, MediaCodec.CONFIGURE_FLAG_ENCODE);

VLC tells me that there are no streams in my aac file. The command FFMPEG -i @filename@ gives me the following error: Invalid data found when processing input. None of the mediaplayers I tested are able to play my file.

Why am I unable to play my file? I receive no OpenMAX errors in LogCat and the application does not crash when encoding. I wrote a video encoder that works on the same principle and it works.

This is the code to read the data from the AudioRecord instance to a buffer:

    new Thread() {
        public void run() {
            ByteBuffer byteBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocateDirect(bufferSize);
            int read = 0;
            while (isRecording) {
                read = recorder.read(byteBuffer, bufferSize);
                if(AudioRecord.ERROR_INVALID_OPERATION != read){
                    encoder.add(byteBuffer);
                }
            }
            recorder.stop();
        }
    }.start();

The function add from my encoder copies the content of one buffer to another:

public void add(ByteBuffer input) {
    if (!isRunning)
        return; 

    if (tmpInputBuffer == null)
        tmpInputBuffer = ByteBuffer.allocate(input.capacity());

    if (!tmpBufferClear)
        Log.e("audio encoder", "deadline missed"); //TODO lower bit rate

    synchronized (tmpInputBuffer) {
        tmpInputBuffer.clear();
        tmpInputBuffer.put(input);
        tmpInputBuffer.notifyAll();
        Log.d("audio encoder", "pushed data into tmpInputBuffer");
    }
}

The following code is used to occupy the input buffer of the encoder:

new Thread() {
    public void run() {
        while (isRunning) {
            if (tmpInputBuffer == null)
                continue;
            synchronized (tmpInputBuffer) {
                if (tmpBufferClear) {
                    try {
                        Log.d("audio encoder", "falling asleep");
                        tmpInputBuffer.wait(); //wait when no input is available
                    } 
                    catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }

                ByteBuffer[] inputBuffers = codec.getInputBuffers();
                int inputBufferIndex;
                do
                    inputBufferIndex = codec.dequeueInputBuffer(-1);
                while (inputBufferIndex < 0);
                ByteBuffer inputBuffer = inputBuffers[inputBufferIndex];
                inputBuffer.clear();
                Log.d("input buffer size", String.valueOf(inputBuffer.capacity()));
                Log.d("tmp input buffer size", String.valueOf(tmpInputBuffer.capacity()));
                inputBuffer.put(tmpInputBuffer.array());
                tmpInputBuffer.clear();
                codec.queueInputBuffer(inputBufferIndex, 0, tmpInputBuffer.capacity(), 0, 0);
                tmpBufferClear = true;
                Log.d("audio encoder", "added to input buffer");
            }
        }
    }
}.start();

I write the output from the encoder to a local file like this:

    new Thread() {
        public void run() {
            while (isRunning) {
                ByteBuffer[] outputBuffers = codec.getOutputBuffers();
                MediaCodec.BufferInfo bufferInfo = new MediaCodec.BufferInfo();
                int outputBufferIndex = codec.dequeueOutputBuffer(bufferInfo, -1);
                while (outputBufferIndex >= 0) {
                    ByteBuffer outputBuffer = outputBuffers[outputBufferIndex];
                    byte[] outData = new byte[bufferInfo.size];
                    outputBuffer.get(outData);

                    try {
                        fileWriter.write(outData, 0, outData.length);
                    } 
                    catch (IOException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                    codec.releaseOutputBuffer(outputBufferIndex, false);
                    outputBufferIndex = codec.dequeueOutputBuffer(bufferInfo, 0);
                    Log.d("audio encoder", "removed from output buffer");
                }
            }
            codec.stop();

            try {
                fileWriter.close();
            } 
            catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }.start();
                tmpBufferClear = true;
                Log.d("audio encoder", "added to input buffer");
            }
        }
    }
}.start();
How to solve:

I guess you missed the MediaMauxer class. You need it if you want to write something got from MediaCodec to a file for example.

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