android – RecyclerView and Data Binding not working-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

This is my first attempt at data-binding with a RecyclerView but not my first use of RecyclerView itself.

For some reason none of the adapter methods are called – not even getItemCount().
It could be a stupid problem with my RecyclerView and nothing to do with the data binding at all but I can’t see anything wrong.

       View rootview = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_profile_first, container, false);
    // Initialize recycler view

    RecyclerView badgesRV = (RecyclerView) rootview.findViewById(R.id.badgesRV);
    LinearLayoutManager llm = new LinearLayoutManager(getActivity());
    llm.setOrientation(LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL);
    badgesRV.setLayoutManager(llm);

    BadgeAdapter badgeAdapter = new BadgeAdapter(profileObject.badgesEntity.badges);
    badgesRV.setAdapter(badgeAdapter);

Adapter:

    public class BadgeAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<BadgeAdapter.BadgeBindingHolder>{

    private static final int MAX_BADGES_TO_DISPLAY = 5;
    private BadgeObject[] badges;

    public BadgeAdapter(BadgeObject[] badges){
        this.badges = badges;
    }

    @Override
    public BadgeBindingHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        View v = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext())
                .inflate(R.layout.profile_badge_row, parent, false);
        BadgeBindingHolder holder = new BadgeBindingHolder(v);
        return holder;
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(BadgeBindingHolder holder, int position) {
        final BadgeObject badgeObject = badges[position];
        holder.getBinding().setVariable(BR.badge, badgeObject);
        holder.getBinding().executePendingBindings();

    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        Log.d(TAG, "item count = " + Math.min(MAX_BADGES_TO_DISPLAY, badges.length));
        return Math.min(MAX_BADGES_TO_DISPLAY, badges.length);
    }

    public class BadgeBindingHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder{
        private ViewDataBinding binding;

        public BadgeBindingHolder(View rowView) {
            super(rowView);
            binding = DataBindingUtil.bind(rowView);
        }
        public ViewDataBinding getBinding() {
            return binding;
        }
    }
}

profile_badge_row.xml

<layout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto">

<data>
    <variable name="badge" type="parseJsonEntities.requestObjects.BadgeObject"/>
</data>

<LinearLayout
    android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <ImageView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:src="@{badge.badgeImage}"/>

</LinearLayout>

I have checked and there is definitely data there.
What have I missed?

=====================

Update:

From what I can tell RecyclerView simply doesn’t work inside a Data Binding layout.
I created a separate layout with just my RV and it worked perfectly.
As soon as I included it with my main layout it ceased to work.

Not sure if this is a bug or a feature.

So, I thought that maybe if I make it a custom view maybe it will work and it does.
My problem is I don’t know how to pass a value into my custom view.

I looked here but couldn’t figure out exactly what he means.
This is my code in the custom view.

    LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater)
            context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
    View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.profile_badges_layout, this, true);
    ProfileBadgesLayoutBinding binding = ProfileBadgesLayoutBinding.inflate(inflater);

    RecyclerView badgesRV = (RecyclerView) view.findViewById(R.id.badgesRV);

    LinearLayoutManager llm = new LinearLayoutManager(context);
    llm.setOrientation(LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL);
    badgesRV.setLayoutManager(llm);

    BadgeAdapter badgeAdapter = new BadgeAdapter(null);
    badgesRV.setAdapter(badgeAdapter);

This gives a message that ProfileBadgesLayoutBinding is not found.

How to solve:

In your onCreateViewHolder:

@Override
public BadgeBindingHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
    LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) context.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
    ProfileBadgeRowBinding binding = DataBindingUtil.inflate(inflater, R.layout.profile_badge_row, parent, false);
    BadgeBindingHolder holder = new BadgeBindingHolder(binding.getRoot(), binding);
    return holder;
}

And add the binding in your Item View

public class BadgeBindingHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder{
    private ProfileBadgeRowBinding binding;

    public BadgeBindingHolder(View rowView, ProfileBadgeRowBinding binding) {
        super(rowView);
        this.binding = binding;
    }

    ...

}

And in the bindToViewHolder set the variable

@Override
public void bindToViewHolder(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
    ProfileBadgeRowBinding binding = ((BadgeBindingHolder) viewHolder).binding;
    binding.setVariable(BR.badge, badge);
    binding.executePendingBindings(); // This line is important, it will force to load the variable in a custom view
}

If you want to access a view, add an id to a view in your xml.

<layout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto">

    <data>
        <variable name="badge" type="parseJsonEntities.requestObjects.BadgeObject"/>
    </data>

    <LinearLayout
        android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent">

        <ImageView
            android:id="@+id/image"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    </LinearLayout>
</layout>

And then you can access the id’s in your bindToViewHolder

@Override
public void bindToViewHolder(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
    ProfileBadgeRowBinding binding = ((BadgeBindingHolder) viewHolder).binding;
    binding.setVariable(BR.badge, badge);
    binding.executePendingBindings();

    binding.image.setImage(...);
}

More about custom views https://developer.android.com/topic/libraries/data-binding/index.html#dynamic_variables

###

It is much easier to do it today,
follow this example:

public class LanguageRecyclerAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<LanguageRecyclerAdapter.LanguageViewHolder> {

    private List<Language> languages;

    public class LanguageViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {

        final LanguageSetItemBinding item;

        public void bind(final Language language) {
            item.setLanguage(language.getName());
            item.setFlag(language.getFlagRes());
            item.getRoot().setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
                @Override
                public void onClick(View v) {
//do somthing if you need
                }
            });
            item.executePendingBindings();
        }

        public LanguageViewHolder(LanguageSetItemBinding itemView) {
            super(itemView.getRoot());
            item =itemView;
        }
    }

    public LanguageRecyclerAdapter(List<Language> languages) {
        this.languages = languages;
    }

    public void onBindViewHolder(LanguageViewHolder holder, int position) {
        Language item = languages.get(position);
        holder.bind(item);
    }

    public LanguageViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        LayoutInflater layoutInflater = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext());
        LanguageSetItemBinding item = LanguageSetItemBinding.inflate(layoutInflater, parent,false);
        return new LanguageViewHolder(item);
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return languages.size();
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemViewType(int position) {
        return super.getItemViewType(position);
    }
}

the LanguageSetItemBinding xml looks like this, it has inside a TextView and ImageView:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<layout >
    <data>
        <variable name="language" type="String" />
        <variable name="flag" type="int" />
    </data>

    <android.widget.LinearLayout
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
        android:layout_width="166dp"
        android:layout_height="166dp"
        android:background="@color/colorWhite"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:layout_margin="20dp"
        android:gravity="center">
        <TextView
            android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:text="@{language}"
            android:textColor="@color/colorBlack"
            android:textAlignment="center"/>
        <ImageView
            android:textColor="?attr/errorColor"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:src="@{context.getDrawable(flag)}"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:paddingTop="3dp"/>
    </android.widget.LinearLayout>
</layout>

I have an activity with a recyclerview inside, and in the activity OmCreateView I attached this recycler to the adapter I created above:

final ArrayList<Language> lang = new ArrayList(languageList.values());
final LanguageRecyclerAdapter adapter = new LanguageRecyclerAdapter(lang);
mBinding.languageRecyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);

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