android – send intent from service to activity-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’m trying to return the result from an IntentSerivce to the mainactivity using an intent, but I can’t get it to work.
The IntentService receives the intent from the activity without a problem, does it’s thing and gets a JSONstring. Now the only problem left is to send this String back to the activity.

Here is the method in the mainactivity:

public String RTConn(String query){
    System.out.println("Querying Rotten Tomatoes.");
    Intent rtIntent = new Intent(MainActivity.this, RTConnection.class);
    rtIntent.putExtra("query", query);
    bindService(rtIntent, RTConnection, Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
    startService(rtIntent);
    String json = getIntent().getStringExtra("json");
    return json;

And here is the IntentService:

public void onStart(Intent intent, int startId){
    System.out.println("intent Received");
    String jsonString = rottenTomatoesSearch(intent.getStringExtra("query"));
    Intent RTRetur = new Intent(RTConnection.this, MainActivity.class);
    RTRetur.putExtra("json", jsonString);
    startActivity(RTRetur);
}

Obviously the startActivity isn’t working, but what else is there to use? (I would rather not use a broadcast receiver).
Regards Peter L.

Update

this it how the MainActivity looks atm:

public static final String RECEIVE_JSON = "student.kau.RECEIVE_JSON";
private BroadcastReceiver RTReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        System.out.println("broadcast Received: "+intent.getAction());
        if(intent.getAction().equals(RECEIVE_JSON)){
            System.out.println("JSON Received.");
            String serviceJsonString = intent.getStringExtra("json");
        }
    }
};

This code is the onCreate:

LocalBroadcastManager bManager = LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this);
    IntentFilter intentFilter = new IntentFilter();
    intentFilter.addAction(RECEIVE_JSON);
    bManager.registerReceiver(RTReceiver, intentFilter);

This is the method:

public void onStart(Intent intent, int startId){
    System.out.println("intent Received");
    String query = intent.getStringExtra("query");
    String jsonString = rottenTomatoesSearch(query);
    System.out.println("Fetching done");
    Intent RTRetur = new Intent(MainActivity.RECEIVE_JSON);
    System.out.println("action: "+RTRetur.getAction());
    RTRetur.putExtra("json", jsonString);
    sendBroadcast(RTRetur);

}

The last trace in logcat is the System.out.println("action: "+RTRetur.getAction()");

-action: 

    student.kau.RECEIVE_JSON
How to solve:

For this, you can use a BroadcastReceiver in your Activity.

Here is a great example I use to communicate continuously between Service <> Activity using BroadcastReceivers.

Here is another great example of communication between Service <> Activity. It uses Messenger and IncomingHandler.

BroadcastReceiver

I will make a quick example for your case.

This is your BroadcastReceiver for your Activity. It is going to receive your String:

//Your activity will respond to this action String
public static final String RECEIVE_JSON = "com.your.package.RECEIVE_JSON";

private BroadcastReceiver bReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        if(intent.getAction().equals(RECEIVE_JSON)) {
            String serviceJsonString = intent.getStringExtra("json");
            //Do something with the string
        }
    }
};
LocalBroadcastManager bManager;

In your onCreate() of the activity

bManager = LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this);
IntentFilter intentFilter = new IntentFilter();
intentFilter.addAction(RECEIVE_JSON);
bManager.registerReceiver(bReceiver, intentFilter);

In your onDestroy() of the activity, make sure you unregister the broadcastReceiver.

bManager.unregisterReceiver(bReceiver);

And finally, in your Service onStart(), do this:

System.out.println("intent Received");
String jsonString = rottenTomatoesSearch(intent.getStringExtra("query"));
Intent RTReturn = new Intent(YourActivity.RECEIVE_JSON);
RTReturn.putExtra("json", jsonString);
LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(this).sendBroadcast(RTReturn);

and your Activity will receive the intent with that json in it as an extra

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