Android theme not being set-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I have a theme that refuses to be applied to activities – none of the styles are applied. If I don’t supply the layout_width/layout_height attributes for <Button> it also gets a runtime error, showing that the Button class isn’t being applied.

/res/values/themes.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <style name="Theme" parent="android:style/Theme.Black">
        <item name="android:windowNoTitle">true</item>
        <item name="android:buttonStyle">@style/Button</item>
        <item name="android:windowBackground">@color/page_background_light</item>
        <item name="android:textAppearance">@style/TextAppearance</item>
    </style>
</resources>

/res/values/styles.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
    <style name="TextAppearance" parent="@android:style/TextAppearance">
        <item name="android:textSize">12sp</item>
        <item name="android:textColor">@color/darkblue</item>
    </style>
    <style name="Button" parent="@android:style/Widget.Button">
        <item name="android:layout_width">fill_parent</item> 
        <item name="android:layout_height">wrap_content</item>
        <!--<item name="android:textColor">#3C2F4F</item>
        <item name="android:textSize">20dip</item>-->
    </style>
</resources>

and the relevant manifest setting:

<application android:icon="@drawable/icon"
    android:label="@string/app_name"
    android:theme="@style/Theme">

What’s the obvious mistake I’m missing?

How to solve:

I’ve been struggling with this as well, and think I’ve finally found what may have been the problem – perhaps it is the same.

I had the custom theme defined in the res\values folder, but not in the values-v11 and values-v14 folders. Which I think made it so that in some devices (specially the 2 I was testing with!), the theme could not be applied because it did not exist.

I now see the properties set in my custom theme (applied at the application level) taking effect.

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I had to explicitly define theme for every <activity>.

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According to this answer, it appears that it isn’t possible to provide layout_width and layout_height through styles. While it compiles, the exception it raises is:

E/AndroidRuntime(4117): java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity
ComponentInfo{com.example/com.example.MainActivity}:
java.lang.RuntimeException: Binary XML file line #79: You must supply a
layout_width attribute.

I’m not sure why that is, but there might be a workaround. As this question suggests, you might be able provide a reference as the width and height parameter.

Again, my experiences are that Android doesn’t properly support providing the widget dimensions through styles.

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Just out of curiosity. Try renaming your Theme to something else like FooBar.

Going to state the obvious here, but make sure your button is using the right style.

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EDIT: I’m not sure if this was just a typo in the question, but in your main theme you reference Android’s Theme.Black style incorrectly. Your code says:

<style name="Theme" parent="android:style/Theme.Black">

When it should say:

<style name="Theme" parent="@android:style/Theme.Black">

I feel like Lint or the compiler would bark at you for that before running the application, but maybe that will help.

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