android – what is the Best way to use shared preferences between activities-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I have a user preference in my app, which gets used by different activities. I would like to know the best way to utilize those preferences between different activities in my App.

I have this idea to create a shared preference object from the main activity and from there send intents to the different activities to take actions. Would that work…?

Or just keep calling getsharedpreferences() from every activity..?

Thanks.

How to solve:

Sending shared preferences through intents seems overcomplicated. You could wrap the shared preferences with something like the below and call the methods directly from your activities:

public class Prefs {
    private static String MY_STRING_PREF = "mystringpref";
    private static String MY_INT_PREF = "myintpref";

    private static SharedPreferences getPrefs(Context context) {
        return context.getSharedPreferences("myprefs", 0);
    }

    public static String getMyStringPref(Context context) {
        return getPrefs(context).getString(MY_STRING_PREF, "default");
    }

    public static int getMyIntPref(Context context) {
        return getPrefs(context).getInt(MY_INT_PREF, 42);
    }

    public static void setMyStringPref(Context context, String value) {
        // perform validation etc..
        getPrefs(context).edit().putString(MY_STRING_PREF, value).commit();
    }

    public static void setMyIntPref(Context context, int value) {
        // perform validation etc..
        getPrefs(context).edit().putInt(MY_INT_PREF, value).commit();
    }
}

###

You can use this way and declare same variables with same name in all activites where you want to use.

  public static final String PREFS_NAME = "MyPrefsFile";
  static SharedPreferences settings;
  SharedPreferences.Editor editor;
  int wordCount;

 public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    settings = getSharedPreferences(PREFS_NAME, 0);
    editor = settings.edit();

    wordCount = settings.getInt("wordCount", 4); 

  }

Here initially wordCount will give 4;
And when you edit wordCount and want to store again

  editor.putInt("wordCount", 6);
  editor.commit();

You have to declare this same variables in activities where you want to use shared preferences. And its better you call getSharedPreferences in every activity.

I don’t think that passing that preference in intent will work.

###

You can of course use shared preferences in your applications.

If you have more than a simple type than string or int, you can use a singleton or extends the application class which will be accessible by all activities of your application.
=> No disk access here. Simply kept in memory.

###

Here’s a nice & easy solution in Kotlin – just copy & paste the code into a new AppPreferences.kt file and follow the 4 TODO steps outlined in the code:

import android.content.Context
import android.content.Context.MODE_PRIVATE
import android.content.SharedPreferences
import androidx.core.content.edit

object AppPreferences {
    private var sharedPreferences: SharedPreferences? = null

    // TODO step 1: call `AppPreferences.setup(applicationContext)` in your MainActivity's `onCreate` method
    fun setup(context: Context) {
        // TODO step 2: set your app name here
        sharedPreferences = context.getSharedPreferences("<YOUR_APP_NAME>.sharedprefs", MODE_PRIVATE)
    }

    // TODO step 4: replace these example attributes with your stored values
    var heightInCentimeters: Int?
        get() = Key.HEIGHT.getInt()
        set(value) = Key.HEIGHT.setInt(value)

    var birthdayInMilliseconds: Long?
        get() = Key.BIRTHDAY.getLong()
        set(value) = Key.BIRTHDAY.setLong(value)

    private enum class Key {
        HEIGHT, BIRTHDAY; // TODO step 3: replace these cases with your stored values keys

        fun getBoolean(): Boolean? = if (sharedPreferences!!.contains(name)) sharedPreferences!!.getBoolean(name, false) else null
        fun getFloat(): Float? = if (sharedPreferences!!.contains(name)) sharedPreferences!!.getFloat(name, 0f) else null
        fun getInt(): Int? = if (sharedPreferences!!.contains(name)) sharedPreferences!!.getInt(name, 0) else null
        fun getLong(): Long? = if (sharedPreferences!!.contains(name)) sharedPreferences!!.getLong(name, 0) else null
        fun getString(): String? = if (sharedPreferences!!.contains(name)) sharedPreferences!!.getString(name, "") else null

        fun setBoolean(value: Boolean?) = value?.let { sharedPreferences!!.edit { putBoolean(name, value) } } ?: remove()
        fun setFloat(value: Float?) = value?.let { sharedPreferences!!.edit { putFloat(name, value) } } ?: remove()
        fun setInt(value: Int?) = value?.let { sharedPreferences!!.edit { putInt(name, value) } } ?: remove()
        fun setLong(value: Long?) = value?.let { sharedPreferences!!.edit { putLong(name, value) } } ?: remove()
        fun setString(value: String?) = value?.let { sharedPreferences!!.edit { putString(name, value) } } ?: remove()

        fun remove() = sharedPreferences!!.edit { remove(name) }
    }
}

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