Create table using Javascript-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I have a JavaScript function which creates a table with 3 rows 2 cells.

Could anybody tell me how I can create the table below using my function (I need to do this for my situation)?

Here is my javascript and html code given below:

function tableCreate() {
  //body reference 
  var body = document.getElementsByTagName("body")[0];

  // create elements <table> and a <tbody>
  var tbl = document.createElement("table");
  var tblBody = document.createElement("tbody");

  // cells creation
  for (var j = 0; j <= 2; j++) {
    // table row creation
    var row = document.createElement("tr");

    for (var i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
      // create element <td> and text node 
      //Make text node the contents of <td> element
      // put <td> at end of the table row
      var cell = document.createElement("td");
      var cellText = document.createTextNode("cell is row " + j + ", column " + i);

      cell.appendChild(cellText);
      row.appendChild(cell);
    }

    //row added to end of table body
    tblBody.appendChild(row);
  }

  // append the <tbody> inside the <table>
  tbl.appendChild(tblBody);
  // put <table> in the <body>
  body.appendChild(tbl);
  // tbl border attribute to 
  tbl.setAttribute("border", "2");
}
<table width="100%" border="1">
  <tr>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
    <td rowspan="2">&nbsp;</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
  </tr>
</table>
How to solve:

This should work (from a few alterations to your code above).

function tableCreate() {
  var body = document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0];
  var tbl = document.createElement('table');
  tbl.style.width = '100%';
  tbl.setAttribute('border', '1');
  var tbdy = document.createElement('tbody');
  for (var i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    var tr = document.createElement('tr');
    for (var j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
      if (i == 2 && j == 1) {
        break
      } else {
        var td = document.createElement('td');
        td.appendChild(document.createTextNode('\u0020'))
        i == 1 && j == 1 ? td.setAttribute('rowSpan', '2') : null;
        tr.appendChild(td)
      }
    }
    tbdy.appendChild(tr);
  }
  tbl.appendChild(tbdy);
  body.appendChild(tbl)
}
tableCreate();

###

Slightly shorter code using insertRow and insertCell:

function tableCreate(){
    var body = document.body,
        tbl  = document.createElement('table');
    tbl.style.width  = '100px';
    tbl.style.border = '1px solid black';

    for(var i = 0; i < 3; i++){
        var tr = tbl.insertRow();
        for(var j = 0; j < 2; j++){
            if(i == 2 && j == 1){
                break;
            } else {
                var td = tr.insertCell();
                td.appendChild(document.createTextNode('Cell'));
                td.style.border = '1px solid black';
                if(i == 1 && j == 1){
                    td.setAttribute('rowSpan', '2');
                }
            }
        }
    }
    body.appendChild(tbl);
}
tableCreate();

Also, this doesn’t use some “bad practices”, such as setting a border attribute instead of using CSS, and it accesses the body through document.body instead of document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0];

###

function addTable() {
  var myTableDiv = document.getElementById("myDynamicTable");

  var table = document.createElement('TABLE');
  table.border = '1';

  var tableBody = document.createElement('TBODY');
  table.appendChild(tableBody);

  for (var i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
    var tr = document.createElement('TR');
    tableBody.appendChild(tr);

    for (var j = 0; j < 4; j++) {
      var td = document.createElement('TD');
      td.width = '75';
      td.appendChild(document.createTextNode("Cell " + i + "," + j));
      tr.appendChild(td);
    }
  }
  myTableDiv.appendChild(table);
}
addTable();
<div id="myDynamicTable"></div>

###

<html>
    <head>
        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1">
        <title>Insert title here</title>
    </head>
    <body>
        <table id="myTable" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="2" border="1" onclick="tester()"></table>
        <script>
            var student;
            for (var j = 0; j < 10; j++) {
                student = {
                    name: "Name" + j,
                    rank: "Rank" + j,
                    stuclass: "Class" + j,
                };
                var table = document.getElementById("myTable");
                var row = table.insertRow(j);
                var cell1 = row.insertCell(0);
                var cell2 = row.insertCell(1);
                var cell3 = row.insertCell(2);

                cell1.innerHTML = student.name,
                cell2.innerHTML = student.rank,
                cell3.innerHTML = student.stuclass;
            }
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

###

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <body>
        <p id="p1">
            <b>Enter the no of row and column to create table:</b>
            <br/><br/>
            <table>
                <tr>
                    <th>No. of Row(s) </th>
                    <th>No. of Column(s)</th>
                </tr>
                <tr>
                    <td><input type="text" id="row" value="4" /> X</td>
                    <td><input type="text" id="col" value="7" />Y</td>
                </tr>
            </table>
            <br/>
            <button id="create" onclick="create()">create table</button>
        </p>
        <br/><br/>
        <input type="button" value="Reload page" onclick="reloadPage()">
        <script>
            function create() {
                var row = parseInt(document.getElementById("row").value);
                var col = parseInt(document.getElementById("col").value);

                var tablestart="<table id=myTable border=1>";
                var tableend = "</table>";
                var trstart = "<tr bgcolor=#ff9966>";
                var trend = "</tr>";
                var tdstart = "<td>";
                var tdend = "</td>";
                var data="data in cell";
                var str1=tablestart + trstart + tdstart + data + tdend + trend + tableend;
                document.write(tablestart);

                for (var r=0;r<row;r++) {
                    document.write(trstart);
                    for(var c=0; c<col; c++) {
                        document.write(tdstart+"Row."+r+" Col."+c+tdend);
                    }
                }

                document.write(tableend);
                document.write("<br/>");
                var s="<button id="+"delete"+" onclick="+"deleteTable()"+">Delete top Row </button>";
                document.write(s);
                var relod="<button id="+"relod"+" onclick="+"reloadPage()"+">Reload Page </button>";
                document.write(relod);
            }
            function deleteTable() {
                var dr=0;
                if(confirm("It will be deleted..!!")) {
                    document.getElementById("myTable").deleteRow(dr);
                }
            }
            function reloadPage(){
                location.reload();
            }
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

###

I hope you find this helpful.

HTML :

<html>
<head>
    <link rel = "stylesheet" href = "test.css">
<body>

</body>
<script src = "test.js"></script>
</head>
</html>

JAVASCRIPT :

var tableString = "<table>",
    body = document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0],
    div = document.createElement('div');

for (row = 1; row < 101; row += 1) {

    tableString += "<tr>";

    for (col = 1; col < 11; col += 1) {

        tableString += "<td>" + "row [" + row + "]" + "col [" + col + "]" + "</td>";
    }
    tableString += "</tr>";
}

tableString += "</table>";
div.innerHTML = tableString;
body.appendChild(div);

###

Might not solve the problem described in this particular question, but might be useful to people looking to create tables out of array of objects:

function createTable(objectArray, fields, fieldTitles) {
  let body = document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0];
  let tbl = document.createElement('table');
  let thead = document.createElement('thead');
  let thr = document.createElement('tr');
  fieldTitles.forEach((fieldTitle) => {
    let th = document.createElement('th');
    th.appendChild(document.createTextNode(fieldTitle));
    thr.appendChild(th);
  });
  thead.appendChild(thr);
  tbl.appendChild(thead);

  let tbdy = document.createElement('tbody');
  let tr = document.createElement('tr');
  objectArray.forEach((object) => {
    let tr = document.createElement('tr');
    fields.forEach((field) => {
      var td = document.createElement('td');
      td.appendChild(document.createTextNode(object[field]));
      tr.appendChild(td);
    });
    tbdy.appendChild(tr);    
  });
  tbl.appendChild(tbdy);
  body.appendChild(tbl)
  return tbl;
}

createTable([
  {name: 'Banana', price: '3.04'},
  {name: 'Orange', price: '2.56'},
  {name: 'Apple', price: '1.45'}
],
['name', 'price'], ['Name', 'Price']);

###

<style>
    body{
        background: radial-gradient(rgba(179,255,0.5),rgba(255,255,255,0.5),rgba(0,0,0,0.2));
        text-align: center;
    }
    #name{
        margin-top: 50px;
    }
    .input{
        font-size: 25px;
        color: #004d00;
        font-weight: 700;
        font-family: cursive;
    }
    #entry{
        width: 150px;
        height: 40px;
        font-size: 23px;
        font-family:  cursive;
        background-color: #001a66;
        color: whitesmoke;
        box-shadow: 0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5);
        margin: 20px;
    }
    table{
        border-collapse: collapse;
        width: 50%;
        margin: 50px auto;
        background-color: burlywood;
    }
    table,th,td{
       border: 2px solid black;
       padding:5px;

    }
    th{
        font-size: 30px;
        font-weight: 700;
        font-family: Arial;
        color: #004d00;
    }
    td{
        font-size: 25px;
        color: crimson;
        font-weight: 400;
        font-family: Georgia;
    }
    .length{
        width: 20%;
    }
</style>
<body>
    <!-- Code to get student details -->
    <div id="container" >
        <div class="input">
             Name: <input type="text" id="name" class="length" placeholder="eg: Anil Ambani"/>
        </div>
        <div class="input">
             Email: <input type="text" id="mail" class="length" placeholder="eg: AnilAmbani@gmail.com"/>
        </div>
        <div class="input">
             Phone: <input type="text" id="phn"  class="length" placeholder="eg: 9898989898"/>
        </div>
        <div class="input">
             SLNO: <input type="number" id="sln" class="length" placeholder="eg: 1"/>
        </div>
        <br>
        <button id="entry"> I/P ENTRY</button>
    </div>
    <table id="tabledata">
       <tr>
          <th> Name</th>
          <th> Email</th>
          <th> Phone</th>
          <th> Slno</th>
       </tr> 
    </table>
</body>
<script>
    var entry = document.getElementById('entry');
    entry.addEventListener("click",display);
    var row = 1;
    function display(){
        var nam =  document.getElementById('name').value;
        var emal = document.getElementById('mail').value;
        var ph = document.getElementById('phn').value;
        var sl = document.getElementById('sln').value;
        var disp = document.getElementById("tabledata");
        var newRow = disp.insertRow(row);
        var cell1 = newRow.insertCell(0);
        var cell2 = newRow.insertCell(1);
        var cell3 = newRow.insertCell(2);
        var cell4 = newRow.insertCell(3);
        cell1.innerHTML = nam;
        cell2.innerHTML = emal;
        cell3.innerHTML = ph;
        cell4.innerHTML = sl;
        row++;
    }
</script>

###

This is how to loop through a javascript object and put the data into a table, code modified from @Vanuan’s answer.

<body>
    <script>
    function createTable(objectArray, fields, fieldTitles) {
      let body = document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0];
      let tbl = document.createElement('table');
      let thead = document.createElement('thead');
      let thr = document.createElement('tr');

      for (p in objectArray[0]){
        let th = document.createElement('th');
        th.appendChild(document.createTextNode(p));
        thr.appendChild(th);
        
      }
     
      thead.appendChild(thr);
      tbl.appendChild(thead);

      let tbdy = document.createElement('tbody');
      let tr = document.createElement('tr');
      objectArray.forEach((object) => {
        let n = 0;
        let tr = document.createElement('tr');
        for (p in objectArray[0]){
          var td = document.createElement('td');
          td.setAttribute("style","border: 1px solid green");
          td.appendChild(document.createTextNode(object[p]));
          tr.appendChild(td);
          n++;
        };
        tbdy.appendChild(tr);    
      });
      tbl.appendChild(tbdy);
      body.appendChild(tbl)
      return tbl;
    }

    createTable([
                  {name: 'Banana', price: '3.04'}, // k[0]
                  {name: 'Orange', price: '2.56'},  // k[1]
                  {name: 'Apple', price: '1.45'}
               ])
    </script>

###

var btn = document.createElement('button');
btn.innerHTML = "Create Table";
document.body.appendChild(btn);
btn.addEventListener("click", createTable, true);
function createTable(){
var div = document.createElement('div');
div.setAttribute("id", "tbl");
document.body.appendChild(div)
	document.getElementById("tbl").innerHTML = "<table border = '1'>" +
  '<tr>' +
    '<th>Header 1</th>' +
    '<th>Header 2</th> ' +
    '<th>Header 3</th>' +
  '</tr>' +
  '<tr>' +
    '<td>Data 1</td>' +
    '<td>Data 2</td>' +
    '<td>Data 3</td>' +
  '</tr>' +
  '<tr>' +
    '<td>Data 1</td>' +
    '<td>Data 2</td>' +
    '<td>Data 3</td>' +
  '</tr>' +
  '<tr>' +
    '<td>Data 1</td>' +
    '<td>Data 2</td>' +
    '<td>Data 3</td>' +
  '</tr>' 
};

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