dependency injection – Koin how to inject outside of Android activity / appcompatactivity-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

Koin is a new, lightweight library for DI and can be used in Android as well as in standalone kotlin apps.

Usually you inject dependencies like this:

class SplashScreenActivity : Activity() {

    val sampleClass : SampleClass by inject()

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    }
}

with the inject() method.

But what about injecting stuff in places where Activity context is not available i.e. outside of an Activity?

How to solve:

There is the KoinComponent which comes to the rescue. In any class you can simply:

class SampleClass : KoinComponent {

    val a : A? by inject()
    val b : B? by inject()
}

Extending KoinComponent gives you access to inject() method.

Remember that usually it’s enough to inject stuff the usual way:

class SampleClass(val a : A?, val b: B?)

###

Koin provides a solution for this using the KoinComponent interface. For example, if you need to get some dependencies in your repository then you can simply implement the KoinComponent interface. It gives you access to various Koin features such as get() and inject(). Use KoinComponent only when you can’t rewrite the constructor to accept dependencies as constructor parameters.

class MyRepository: Repository(), KoinComponent {
  private val myService by inject<MyService>()
}

Constructor injection is better than this approach.

For example, the same thing can be achieved by:

class MyRepository(private val service: MyService): Repository() {
    ...
}

And you can add the definition for instantiating this class in a koin module:

val serviceModule = module {
    ...

    factory { MyService() }
}
val repositoryModule = module {
    ...

    factory { MyRepository(get<MyService>()) }
}

###

If you don’t want to implement any interfaces then just take a look at how KoinComponent.inject() is implemented and do something similar yourself:

val sampleClass by lazy { GlobalContext.get().koin.get<SampleClass>() }

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