1) Is there any special setting/configuration required to enable hot swap debugging on Android?
- Add breakpoint just after entering activity’s onCreate method.
- Add new line on the fly after the breakpoint (dummy “if (1==1) return;” code)
- Step to next instruction
–> Problem: my debugger doesn’t break at this line, instead skipping to the next leading me to believe the new line was not hot swapped into the VM.
2) Does only the emulator support hot swap? Are there any handsets which also support it?
The emulator itself doesn’t support code hotswap, but with additional tools like InstaReloader desired action can be achieved. You can use this Android hotswapping tool for free
Every time the Android project is built, it’s dexed and put into a debug-signed apk that is sent to your phone/emulator. Hence, hotswapping isn’t exactly easy to do.
Hotswap is a product of a well-designed JVM, and it makes it possible to exchange classes. On Android, you have Dalvik VM, which does not currently support hot swapping.
I’m guessing the ADT team has this high-ish on their list, though.
EDIT: Even though it has been 2,5 years since this answer, not much has changed. ZeroTurnaround, however, have stuff up their sleeves, and JRebel for Android should give us a much needed method for hot swapping.
EDIT2: With the release of Android Studio 2.0 Instant Run enables you to hot swap. Hot swap will i.e. change a class while your app is running.
They also support warm swap, which is doing a lot more than hot swap in terms of messing with your app. Warm swap still leaves your app running. Resource changes will trigger a warm swap.
Watch this talk from Android Dev Summit 2015 for more info: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fs0eira2pRY
Android Studio 2.0 preview introduced a hot swap feature. You get it by upgrading to:
classpath group: 'com.android.tools.build', name: 'gradle', version: '2.0.0-alpha1'
And then setting it from the menu:
Not truly hot swapping but there is a library on Github which emulates that. You can find it here: https://github.com/mmin18/LayoutCast
It has some issues but is active as of the time of writing of this answer.
Also, ZeroTurnaround seems to be working on the problem with JRebel for Android. You can request beta access here: http://zeroturnaround.com/software/jrebel-for-android/