How do I use obtainStyledAttributes(int []) with internal Themes of Android-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

So I have looked around and found out that android.R.styleable is no longer part of the SDK even though it is still documented here.

That wouldn’t really be an issue if it was clearly documented what the alternative is. For example the AOSP Calendar App is still using the android.R.styleable

// Get the dim amount from the theme   
TypedArray a = obtainStyledAttributes(com.android.internal.R.styleable.Theme);
lp.dimAmount = a.getFloat(android.R.styleable.Theme_backgroundDimAmount, 0.5f);
a.recycle();

So how would one get the backgroundDimAmount without getting the int[] from android.R.styleable.Theme?

What do I have to stick into obtainStyledAttributes(int []) in order to make it work with the SDK?

How to solve:

The CustomView API demo shows how to retrieve styled attributes. The code for the view is here:

https://github.com/android/platform_development/blob/master/samples/ApiDemos/src/com/example/android/apis/view/LabelView.java

The styleable array used to retrieve the text, color, and size is defined in the <declare-styleable> section here:

https://github.com/android/platform_development/blob/master/samples/ApiDemos/res/values/attrs.xml#L24

You can use <declare-styleable> to define any list of attributes that you want to retrieve as a group, containing both your own and ones defined by the platform.

As far as these things being in the documentation, there is a lot of java doc around the styleable arrays that makes them useful to have in the documentation, so they have been left there. However as the arrays change, such as new attributes being added, the values of the constants can change, so the platform ones can not be in the SDK (and please do not use any tricks to try to access them). There should be no need to use the platform ones anyway, because they are each there just for the implementation of parts of the framework, and it is trivial to create your own as shown here.

###

In the example, they left out the reference to the Context ‘c’:

public ImageAdapter(Context c) {
    TypedArray a = c.obtainStyledAttributes(R.styleable.GalleryPrototype);
    mGalleryItemBackground = a.getResourceId(
            R.styleable.GalleryPrototype_android_galleryItemBackground, 0);
    a.recycle();
    return mGalleryItemBackground;
}

Changing obtainStyledAttributes to c.obtainStyledAttributes should work

###

Example of pulling out standard attribute (background) in a custom view which has its own default style. In this example the custom view PasswordGrid extends GridLayout. I specified a style for PasswordGrid which sets a background image using the standard android attribute android:background.

public class PasswordGrid extends GridLayout {

    public PasswordGrid(Context context) {
        super(context);
        init(context, null, 0);
    }

    public PasswordGrid(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs, R.attr.passwordGridStyle);
        init(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    public PasswordGrid(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        init(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    private void init(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        if (!isInEditMode()) {

            TypedArray stdAttrs = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
                    new int[] { android.R.attr.background },  // attribute[s] to access
                    defStyle, 
                    R.style.PasswordGridStyle);  // Style to access

           // or use any style available in the android.R.style file, such as
           //       android.R.style.Theme_Holo_Light

            if (stdAttrs != null) {
                Drawable bgDrawable = stdAttrs.getDrawable(0);
                if (bgDrawable != null)
                    this.setBackground(bgDrawable);
                stdAttrs.recycle();
            }
        }
    }

Here is part of my styles.xml file:

 <declare-styleable name="passwordGrid">
    <attr name="drawOn" format="color|reference" />
    <attr name="drawOff" format="color|reference" />
    <attr name="pathWidth" format="integer" />
    <attr name="pathAlpha" format="integer" />
    <attr name="pathColor" format="color" />
 </declare-styleable>



  <style name="PasswordGridStyle" parent="@android:style/Widget.GridView" >  
      <!--  Style custom attributes.  -->
      <item name="drawOff">@drawable/ic_more</item>
      <item name="drawOn">@drawable/ic_menu_cut</item>
      <item name="pathWidth">31</item>
      <item name="pathAlpha">129</item>
      <item name="pathColor">@color/green</item>

      <!-- Style standard attributes -->
      <item name="android:background">@drawable/pattern_bg</item>
</style>

###

This appears to be a bug in the SDK. I have filed an issue on it, which you may wish to star so as to receive updates on it.

As a worksaround, you can use reflection to access the field:

Class clazz=Class.forName("android.R$styleable");
int i=clazz.getField("Theme_backgroundDimAmount").getInt(clazz);

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