How to cancel a handler before time in Android code?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I create 1 minute delayed timer to shutdown service if it’s not completed. Looks like this:

private Handler timeoutHandler = new Handler();

inside onCreate()

timeoutHandler.postDelayed(new Runnable()
        {
            public void run()
            {
                Log.d(LOG_TAG, "timeoutHandler:run");

                DBLog.InsertMessage(getApplicationContext(), "Unable to get fix in 1 minute");
                finalizeService();
            }
        }, 60 * 1000);

If I get job accomplished before this 1 minute – I would like to get this delayed thing cancelled but not sure how.

How to solve:

You can’t really do it with an anonymous Runnable. How about saving the Runnable to a named variable?

Runnable finalizer = new Runnable()
    {
        public void run()
        {
            Log.d(LOG_TAG, "timeoutHandler:run");

            DBLog.InsertMessage(getApplicationContext(), "Unable to get fix in 1 minute");
            finalizeService();
        }
    };
timeoutHandler.postDelayed(finalizer, 60 * 1000);

...

// Cancel the runnable
timeoutHandler.removeCallbacks(finalizer);

###

If you don’t want to keep a reference of the runnable, you could simply call:

timeoutHandler.removeCallbacksAndMessages(null);

The official documentation says:

… If token is null, all callbacks and messages will be removed.

###

You might want to replace use of postDelayed with use of sendMessageDelayed like so:

private Handler timeoutHandler = new Handler(){
    @Override
    public void handleMessage(Message msg)
    {
            switch (msg.what){
        case 1:
            ((Runnable)msg.obj).run();
            break;
        }
    }
};

Then post a Message:

Message m = Message.obtain();
m.what = 1;
m.obj = new Runnable(){
            public void run()
            {
                Log.d(LOG_TAG, "timeoutHandler:run");

                DBLog.InsertMessage(getApplicationContext(), "Unable to get fix in 1 minute");
                finalizeService();
            }
        };
timeoutHandler.sendMessageDelayed(m, 60 * 1000);

and then cancel:

timeoutHandler.removeMessages(1);

No tracking of the runnable necessary.

###

If I get job accomplished before this 1 minute – I would like to get this delayed thing cancelled but not sure how.

Use Handler.removeCallbacks(yourRunnable).

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