How to handle preflight CORS requests on a Go server-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

So I’m writing this RESTful backend in Go, which will be called with cross-site HTTP requests, i.e. from content served by another site (actually, just another port, but the same-origin policy kicks in, so here we are).

In this scenario, the user agent will, in some cases, send preflight OPTIONS requests to check if the actual request is safe to send.

My question is how to best deal with, and adequately respond to, these preflight requests in a Go context. The ways I have conceived don’t feel very elegant, and I’m wondering if there’s some other approach to this that I haven’t thought of.

Using the standard net/http package, I can check the request method in the handler func, perhaps like this:

func AddResourceHandler(rw http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
  switch r.Method {
  case "OPTIONS":
    // handle preflight
  case "PUT":
    // respond to actual request
  }
}

I can also use Gorilla’s mux package, and register a preflight “OPTIONS” handler for each relevant URL path.

r := mux.NewRouter()
r.HandleFunc("/someresource/item", AddResourceHandler).Methods("PUT")
r.HandleFunc("/someresource/item", PreflightAddResourceHandler).Methods("OPTIONS")

Maybe the response to this question is simply: Yup, those are your basic options. But I thought there might be some best practice around this that I’m unaware of.

How to solve:

One simple way to separate out your logic and re-use the CORS handler you define would be to wrap your REST handler. For example, if you’re using net/http and the Handle method you could always do something like:

func corsHandler(h http.Handler) http.HandlerFunc {
  return func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    if (r.Method == "OPTIONS") {
      //handle preflight in here
    } else {
      h.ServeHTTP(w,r)
    }
  }
}

You can wrap like this:

http.Handle("/endpoint/", corsHandler(restHandler))

Answer:

I personally find it tedious to add preflight routes for every path that will get an OPTIONS request, so instead I simply add my handler to any OPTIONS method that Gorilla handle as follows:

router.Methods("OPTIONS").HandlerFunc(
    func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request){
    myHttpLib.OptionsForBrowserPreflight(w, r)
})

Note though, that this should come before mapping other routes because if, for example, you have a path like "/foo" and you register that first without specifying any methods for that route, then an OPTIONS request to “/foo” would run instead of your preflight code because its the first match.

This way you can: (1) have just one routing registration for all pre-flights, and (2) have one handler to reuse code and apply logic/rules in a single place for OPTIONS requests.

Answer:

gorilla/handlers also has a nice CORS handler: cors.go

Example usage:

import (
    "net/http"

    "github.com/gorilla/handlers"
    "github.com/gorilla/mux"
)

func main() {
    r := mux.NewRouter()
    r.HandleFunc("/users", UserEndpoint)
    r.HandleFunc("/projects", ProjectEndpoint)

    // Apply the CORS middleware to our top-level router, with the defaults.
    http.ListenAndServe(":8000", handlers.CORS()(r))
}

Answer:

Here’s a snippet that worked for me:

addCorsHeader(res)
if req.Method == "OPTIONS" {
    res.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
    return
} else {
    h.APIHandler.ServeHTTP(res, req)
}


func addCorsHeader(res http.ResponseWriter) {
    headers := res.Header()
    headers.Add("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "*")
    headers.Add("Vary", "Origin")
    headers.Add("Vary", "Access-Control-Request-Method")
    headers.Add("Vary", "Access-Control-Request-Headers")
    headers.Add("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "Content-Type, Origin, Accept, token")
    headers.Add("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "GET, POST,OPTIONS")
}

Answer:

Well, nothing worked from me from my Vue.js application so I did this.

cors := cors.New(cors.Options{
        AllowedOrigins:   []string{"*"}, //viper.GetString("ORIGIN_ALLOWED")
        AllowedHeaders:   []string{"Content-Type, Content-Length, Accept-Encoding, X-CSRF-Token", "Authorization"},
        AllowedMethods:   []string{"GET", "PATCH", "POST", "PUT", "OPTIONS", "DELETE"},
        Debug:            true,
        AllowCredentials: true,
    })

cors.Handler(corsMiddle())
func corsMiddle() http.Handler {
    return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, request *http.Request) {
        if request.Method == "OPTIONS" {
            w.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
        }
    })
}

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