How to send an email using PHP?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am using PHP on a website and I want to add emailing functionality.

I have WAMPSERVER installed.

How do I send an email using PHP?

How to solve:

Using PHP’s mail() function it’s possible. Remember mail function will not work in Local server.

<?php
$to      = 'nobody@example.com';
$subject = 'the subject';
$message = 'hello';
$headers = 'From: webmaster@example.com' . "\r\n" .
    'Reply-To: webmaster@example.com' . "\r\n" .
    'X-Mailer: PHP/' . phpversion();

mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers);
?> 

Reference:

###

You could also use PHPMailer class at https://github.com/PHPMailer/PHPMailer .

It allows you to use the mail function or use an smtp server transparently. It also handles HTML based emails and attachments so you don’t have to write your own implementation.

The class is stable and it is used by many other projects like Drupal, SugarCRM, Yii, and Joomla!

Here is an example from the page above:

<?php
require 'PHPMailerAutoload.php';

$mail = new PHPMailer;

$mail->isSMTP();                                      // Set mailer to use SMTP
$mail->Host = 'smtp1.example.com;smtp2.example.com';  // Specify main and backup SMTP servers
$mail->SMTPAuth = true;                               // Enable SMTP authentication
$mail->Username = 'user@example.com';                 // SMTP username
$mail->Password = 'secret';                           // SMTP password
$mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls';                            // Enable encryption, 'ssl' also accepted

$mail->From = 'from@example.com';
$mail->FromName = 'Mailer';
$mail->addAddress('joe@example.net', 'Joe User');     // Add a recipient
$mail->addAddress('ellen@example.com');               // Name is optional
$mail->addReplyTo('info@example.com', 'Information');
$mail->addCC('cc@example.com');
$mail->addBCC('bcc@example.com');

$mail->WordWrap = 50;                                 // Set word wrap to 50 characters
$mail->addAttachment('/var/tmp/file.tar.gz');         // Add attachments
$mail->addAttachment('/tmp/image.jpg', 'new.jpg');    // Optional name
$mail->isHTML(true);                                  // Set email format to HTML

$mail->Subject = 'Here is the subject';
$mail->Body    = 'This is the HTML message body <b>in bold!</b>';
$mail->AltBody = 'This is the body in plain text for non-HTML mail clients';

if(!$mail->send()) {
    echo 'Message could not be sent.';
    echo 'Mailer Error: ' . $mail->ErrorInfo;
} else {
    echo 'Message has been sent';
}

###

If you are interested in html formatted email, make sure to pass Content-type: text/html; in the header. Example:

// multiple recipients
$to  = 'aidan@example.com' . ', '; // note the comma
$to .= 'wez@example.com';

// subject
$subject = 'Birthday Reminders for August';

// message
$message = '
<html>
<head>
  <title>Birthday Reminders for August</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Here are the birthdays upcoming in August!</p>
  <table>
    <tr>
      <th>Person</th><th>Day</th><th>Month</th><th>Year</th>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Joe</td><td>3rd</td><td>August</td><td>1970</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Sally</td><td>17th</td><td>August</td><td>1973</td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</body>
</html>
';

// To send HTML mail, the Content-type header must be set
$headers  = 'MIME-Version: 1.0' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1' . "\r\n";

// Additional headers
$headers .= 'To: Mary <mary@example.com>, Kelly <kelly@example.com>' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'From: Birthday Reminder <birthday@example.com>' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'Cc: birthdayarchive@example.com' . "\r\n";
$headers .= 'Bcc: birthdaycheck@example.com' . "\r\n";

// Mail it
mail($to, $subject, $message, $headers);

For more details, check php mail function.

###

Also look into the PEAR mail package Pear Mail Page

It seems to be a little more robust than the standard mail() function that is built in (if the standard function isn’t adequate).

Here is an excerpt from this page showing how it is used. PEAR Mail send() usage

<?php
    include('Mail.php');

    $recipients = 'joe@example.com';

    $headers['From']    = 'richard@example.com';
    $headers['To']      = 'joe@example.com';
    $headers['Subject'] = 'Test message';

    $body = 'Test message';

    $smtpinfo["host"] = "smtp.server.com";
    $smtpinfo["port"] = "25";
    $smtpinfo["auth"] = true;
    $smtpinfo["username"] = "smtp_user";
    $smtpinfo["password"] = "smtp_password";


    // Create the mail object using the Mail::factory method
    $mail_object =& Mail::factory("smtp", $smtpinfo); 

    $mail_object->send($recipients, $headers, $body);
?> 

###

For most projects, I use Swift mailer these days. It’s a very flexible and elegant object-oriented approach to sending emails, created by the same people who gave us the popular Symfony framework and Twig template engine.


Basic usage :

require 'mail/swift_required.php';

$message = Swift_Message::newInstance()
    // The subject of your email
    ->setSubject('Jane Doe sends you a message')
    // The from address(es)
    ->setFrom(array('jane.doe@gmail.com' => 'Jane Doe'))
    // The to address(es)
    ->setTo(array('frank.stevens@gmail.com' => 'Frank Stevens'))
    // Here, you put the content of your email
    ->setBody('<h3>New message</h3><p>Here goes the rest of my message</p>', 'text/html');

if (Swift_Mailer::newInstance(Swift_MailTransport::newInstance())->send($message)) {
    echo json_encode([
        "status" => "OK",
        "message" => 'Your message has been sent!'
    ], JSON_PRETTY_PRINT);
} else {
    echo json_encode([
        "status" => "error",
        "message" => 'Oops! Something went wrong!'
    ], JSON_PRETTY_PRINT);
}

See the official documentation for more info on how to use Swift mailer.

###

this is very basic method to send plain text email using mail function.

<?php
$to = 'SomeOtherEmailAddress@Domain.com';
$subject = 'This is subject';
$message = 'This is body of email';
$from = "From: FirstName LastName <SomeEmailAddress@Domain.com>";
mail($to,$subject,$message,$from);

###

Try this:

<?php
$to = "somebody@example.com";
$subject = "My subject";
$txt = "Hello world!";
$headers = "From: webmaster@example.com" . "\r\n" .
"CC: somebodyelse@example.com";

mail($to,$subject,$txt,$headers);
?>

###

Full code example..

Try it once..

<?php
// Multiple recipients
$to = 'johny@example.com, sally@example.com'; // note the comma

// Subject
$subject = 'Birthday Reminders for August';

// Message
$message = '
<html>
<head>
  <title>Birthday Reminders for August</title>
</head>
<body>
  <p>Here are the birthdays upcoming in August!</p>
  <table>
    <tr>
      <th>Person</th><th>Day</th><th>Month</th><th>Year</th>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Johny</td><td>10th</td><td>August</td><td>1970</td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Sally</td><td>17th</td><td>August</td><td>1973</td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</body>
</html>
';

// To send HTML mail, the Content-type header must be set
$headers[] = 'MIME-Version: 1.0';
$headers[] = 'Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1';

// Additional headers
$headers[] = 'To: Mary <mary@example.com>, Kelly <kelly@example.com>';
$headers[] = 'From: Birthday Reminder <birthday@example.com>';
$headers[] = 'Cc: birthdayarchive@example.com';
$headers[] = 'Bcc: birthdaycheck@example.com';

// Mail it
mail($to, $subject, $message, implode("\r\n", $headers));
?>

###

The native PHP function Mail() does not work for me. It issues the message:

503 This mail server requires authentication when attempting to send
to a non-local e-mail address

So, I usually use PHPMailer package

I’ve downloaded the version 5.2.23 from: GitHub.

I’ve just picked 2 files and put them in my source PHP root

class.phpmailer.php
class.smtp.php

In PHP, the file needs to be added

require_once('class.smtp.php');
require_once('class.phpmailer.php');

After this, it’s just code:

require_once('class.smtp.php');
require_once('class.phpmailer.php');
... 
//----------------------------------------------
// Send an e-mail. Returns true if successful 
//
//   $to - destination
//   $nameto - destination name
//   $subject - e-mail subject
//   $message - HTML e-mail body
//   altmess - text alternative for HTML.
//----------------------------------------------
function sendmail($to,$nameto,$subject,$message,$altmess)  {

  $from  = "yourcontact@yourdomain.com";
  $namefrom = "yourname";
  $mail = new PHPMailer();  
  $mail->CharSet = 'UTF-8';
  $mail->isSMTP();   // by SMTP
  $mail->SMTPAuth   = true;   // user and password
  $mail->Host       = "localhost";
  $mail->Port       = 25;
  $mail->Username   = $from;  
  $mail->Password   = "yourpassword";
  $mail->SMTPSecure = "";    // options: 'ssl', 'tls' , ''  
  $mail->setFrom($from,$namefrom);   // From (origin)
  $mail->addCC($from,$namefrom);      // There is also addBCC
  $mail->Subject  = $subject;
  $mail->AltBody  = $altmess;
  $mail->Body = $message;
  $mail->isHTML();   // Set HTML type
//$mail->addAttachment("attachment");  
  $mail->addAddress($to, $nameto);
  return $mail->send();
}

It works like a charm

###

The core way to send emails from PHP is to use the mail() function, but there are a couple of ready to use SDKs which can ease the integration:

  1. Swiftmailer
  2. PHPMailer
  3. Pepipost (works over HTTP hence SMTP port block issue can be avoided)
  4. Sendmail

P.S. I am employed with Pepipost.

###

For future readers: Try this if other answers don’t work (As was the case with me):

1.) Download PHPMailer, open the zip file and extract the folder to your project directory.

3.) Rename the extracted directory to PHPMailer and write the below code inside of your php script (the script must be outside of the PHPMailer folder)

<?php
// PHPMailer classes into the global namespace
use PHPMailer\PHPMailer\PHPMailer; 
use PHPMailer\PHPMailer\Exception;
// Base files 
require 'PHPMailer/src/Exception.php';
require 'PHPMailer/src/PHPMailer.php';
require 'PHPMailer/src/SMTP.php';
// create object of PHPMailer class with boolean parameter which sets/unsets exception.
$mail = new PHPMailer(true);                              
try {
    $mail->isSMTP(); // using SMTP protocol                                     
    $mail->Host = 'smtp.gmail.com'; // SMTP host as gmail 
    $mail->SMTPAuth = true;  // enable smtp authentication                             
    $mail->Username = 'sender@gmail.com';  // sender gmail host              
    $mail->Password = 'password'; // sender gmail host password                          
    $mail->SMTPSecure = 'tls';  // for encrypted connection                           
    $mail->Port = 587;   // port for SMTP     

    $mail->setFrom('sender@gmail.com', "Sender"); // sender's email and name
    $mail->addAddress('receiver@gmail.com', "Receiver");  // receiver's email and name

    $mail->Subject = 'Test subject';
    $mail->Body    = 'Test body';

    $mail->send();
    echo 'Message has been sent';
} catch (Exception $e) { // handle error.
    echo 'Message could not be sent. Mailer Error: ', $mail->ErrorInfo;
}
?>

###

You can use a mail web service such as Postmark, Sendgrid etc.

Sendgrid vs Postmark vs Amazon SES and other email/SMTP API providers?

Edit: I just use the Google Gmail API now. I had trouble sending reminder email to my employer’s organization due to strict filters. But Gmail works as long as you don’t spam people.

###

Sent the Email with this script

<h2>Test Mail</h2>
<?php

if (!isset($_POST["submit"]))
  {
  ?>
  <form method="post" action="<?php echo $_SERVER["PHP_SELF"];?>">
  From: <input type="text" name="from"><br>
  Subject: <input type="text" name="subject"><br>
  Message: <textarea rows="10" cols="40" name="message"></textarea><br>
  <input type="submit" name="submit" value="Click To send mail">
  </form>
  <?php
  }

else

  {

  if (isset($_POST["from"]))
    {
    $from = $_POST["from"]; // sender
    $subject = $_POST["subject"];
    $message = $_POST["message"];

    $message = wordwrap($message, 70);

    mail("Test@example.com",$subject,$message,"From: $from\n");
    echo "Thank you for sending an email";
    }
  }
?>

Once you press the Send email button, the email will be sent to Test@example.com

###

<?php
include "db_conn.php";//connection file
require "PHPMailerAutoload.php";// it will be in PHPMailer
require "class.smtp.php";// it will be in PHPMailer
require "class.phpmailer.php";// it will be in PHPMailer


$response = array();
$params = json_decode(file_get_contents("php://input"));

if(!empty($params->email_id)){

    $email_id = $params->email_id;
    $flag=false;
    echo "something";
    if(!filter_var($email_id, FILTER_VALIDATE_EMAIL))
    {
        $response['ERROR']='EMAIL address format error'; 
        echo json_encode($response,JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES);
        return;
    }
    $sql="SELECT * from sales where email_id ='$email_id' ";

    $result = mysqli_query($conn,$sql);
    $count = mysqli_num_rows($result);

    $to = "demo@gmail.com";
    $subject = "DEMO Subject";
    $messageBody ="demo message .";

    if($count ==0){
        $response["valid"] = false;
        $response["message"] = "User is not registered yet";
        echo json_encode($response);
        return;
    }

    else {

        $mail = new PHPMailer();
        $mail->IsSMTP();
        $mail->SMTPAuth = true; // authentication enabled
        $mail->IsHTML(true); 
        $mail->SMTPSecure = 'ssl';//turn on to send html email
        // $mail->Host = "ssl://smtp.zoho.com";
        $mail->Host = "p3plcpnl0749.prod.phx3.secureserver.net";//you can use gmail 
        $mail->Port = 465;
        $mail->Username = "demousername@example.com";
        $mail->Password = "demopassword";
        $mail->SetFrom("demousername@example.com", "Any demo alert");
        $mail->Subject = $subject;

        $mail->Body = $messageBody;
        $mail->AddAddress($to);
        echo "yes";

        if(!$mail->send()) {
           echo "Mailer Error: " . $mail->ErrorInfo;
       } 
       else {
           echo "Message has been sent successfully";
      }
    }

}
else{
    $response["valid"] = false;
    $response["message"] = "Required field(s) missing";
    echo json_encode($response);
}


?>

The above code is working for me.

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