How to send data from one android device to another?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

Hi all I was wondering what options do we have to exchange data between two different android devices?

For example, User-A and User-B both installs my app. I would like User-A to send data (possibly just a simple message or user-A’s location info) to User-B.

The functionality I would need is similar to the functionality that WhatsApp has. However unlike WhatsApp, I do not have a server and I was wondering if we could do data exchange between two different android devices without a server?

I was thinking we build it atop SMS or something.

How to solve:

Options for exchanging information between devices are the following:

  • Bluetooth – this would be between two devices in the near vicinity
  • TCP/UDP IP connection – this would be using TCP to open a socket directly to another server socket. That could be hosted on the phone or a shared server. There are pros and cons to both.

The pros of bluetooth would be no need for a central server. The big downside is this means you can only exchange data between two people standing within 20 meter range. The other downside is you have to pair the devices which not everyone finds easiest.

You can use TCP/IP connections to exchange data just like any client-server program you write on a traditional computer. This could be used no matter if your phone is using 3G/4G/WIFI/EDGE or future radio protocols. The problem is the IP address of the phone might not be globally reachable. The IP address of the phone might be a non-routable like a private IP. They might be behind a firewall or NAT address.

This is where a central server is probably needed to either exchange IP addresses for users, or serve as a common location for clients behind infrastructure that could block. This is where protocols like SWIFT come in handy for jumping firewalls. Even with things like P2P you still run into these types of issues with non-accessible devices, and tricks like this have to be used to crawl around them. Unfortunately, that means you probably need a central server even with the P2P model.

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Without an external server to keep a list of all connected clients, you would need to implement communication in a P2P fashion. Depending on the needs of your app, you could have the user type in the IP address/email/phone number of the other user they want to exchange data with.

If you wish to use a server approach, you can sign up for Google’s App Engine which has good Eclipse integration as well as a plugin to easily interface with an Android app. This would give you an infrastructure option without initially (or maybe never depending on how high you scale) having to put down any money.

Google gave a good IO talk showing an example of a web app that can easily communicate with an Android app. You could extend this to do what you are looking to do.

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