html – Center image using text-align center?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

Is the property text-align: center; a good way to center an image using CSS?

img {
    text-align: center;
}
How to solve:

That will not work as the text-align property applies to block containers, not inline elements, and img is an inline element. See the W3C specification.

Use this instead:

img.center {
    display: block;
    margin: 0 auto;
}
<div style="border: 1px solid black;">
<img class="center" src ="https://cdn.sstatic.net/Sites/stackoverflow/company/img/logos/so/so-icon.png?v=c78bd457575a">

</div>

###

That doesn’t always work… if it doesn’t, try:

img {
    display: block;
    margin: 0 auto;
}

###

I came across this post, and it worked for me:

img {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  margin: auto;
}
<div style="border: 1px solid black; position:relative; min-height: 200px">
  <img src="https://cdn.sstatic.net/Sites/stackoverflow/company/img/logos/so/so-icon.png?v=c78bd457575a">

</div>

(Vertical and horizontal alignment)

###

Another way of doing it would be centering an enclosing paragraph:

<p style="text-align:center; border:1px solid black"><img src="https://cdn.sstatic.net/Sites/stackoverflow/company/img/logos/so/so-icon.png?v=c78bd457575a"></p>

###

You can do:

<center><img src="..." /></center>

###

Actually, the only problem with your code is that the text-align attribute applies to text (yes, images count as text) inside of the tag. You would want to put a span tag around the image and set its style to text-align: center, as so:

span.centerImage {
     text-align: center;
}
<span class="centerImage"><img src="http://placehold.it/60/60" /></span>

The image will be centered. In response to your question, it is the easiest and most foolproof way to center images, as long as you remember to apply the rule to the image’s containing span (or div).

###

There are three methods for centering an element that I can suggest:

  1. Using the text-align property

        .parent {
        text-align: center;
    }
        <div class="parent">
        <img src="https://placehold.it/60/60" />
    </div>
  2. Using the margin property

    img {
        display: block;
        margin: 0 auto;
    }
    <img src="https://placehold.it/60/60" />
  3. Using the position property

    img {
        display: block;
        position: relative;
        left: -50%;
    }
    .parent {
        position: absolute;
        left: 50%;
    }
    <div class="parent">
        <img src="https://placehold.it/60/60" />
    </div>

The first and second methods only work if the parent is at least as wide as the image. When the image is wider than its parent, the image will not stay centered!!!

But:
The third method is a good way for that!

Here’s an example:

img {
    display: block;
    position: relative;
    left: -50%;
}
.parent {
    position: absolute;
    left: 50%;
}
<div class="parent">
    <img src="http://imgsv.imaging.nikon.com/lineup/lens/zoom/normalzoom/af-s_dx_18-140mmf_35-56g_ed_vr/img/sample/img_01.jpg" />
</div>

###

Only if you need to support ancient versions of Internet Explorer.

The modern approach is to do margin: 0 auto in your CSS.

Example here: http://jsfiddle.net/bKRMY/

HTML:

<p>Hello the following image is centered</p>
<p class="pic"><img src="https://twimg0-a.akamaihd.net/profile_images/440228301/StackoverflowLogo_reasonably_small.png"/></p>
<p>Did it work?</p>

CSS:

p.pic {
    width: 48px;
    margin: 0 auto;
}

The only issue here is that the width of the paragraph must be the same as the width of the image. If you don’t put a width on the paragraph, it will not work, because it will assume 100% and your image will be aligned left, unless of course you use text-align:center.

Try out the fiddle and experiment with it if you like.

###

img{
    display: block;
    margin-right: auto;
    margin-left: auto;      
 }

###

If you are using a class with an image then the following will do

class {
    display: block;
    margin: 0 auto;
}

If it is only an image in a specific class that you want to center align then following will do:

class img {
    display: block;
    margin: 0 auto;
}

###

On the container holding image you can use a CSS 3 Flexbox to perfectly center the image inside, both vertically and horizontally.

Let’s assume you have <div class=”container”> as the image holder:

Then as CSS you have to use:

.container {
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    justify-content: center;
    height: 100%;
}

And this will make all your content inside this div perfectly centered.

###

Simply change parent align 🙂

Try this one on parent properties:

text-align:center

###

You can use text-align: center on the parent and change the img to display: inline-block → it therefore behaves like a text-element and is will be centered if the parent has a width!

img {
    display: inline-block
}

###

The simplest solution I found was to add this to my img-element:

style="display:block;margin:auto;"

It seems I don’t need to add “0” before the “auto” as suggested by others. Maybe that is the proper way, but it works well enough for my purposes without the “0” as well. At least on latest Firefox, Chrome, and Edge.

###

I would use a div to center align an image. As in:

<div align="center"><img src="your_image_source"/></div>

###

If you want to set the image as the background, I’ve got a solution:

.image {
    background-image: url(yourimage.jpg);
    background-position: center;
}

###

To center a non background image depends on whether you want to display the image as an inline (default behavior) or a block element.

Case of inline

If you want to keep the default behavior of the image’s display CSS property, you will need to wrap your image inside another block element to which you must set text-align: center;

Case of block

If you want to consider the image as a block element of its own, then text-align property does not make a sens, and you should do this instead:

IMG.display {
    display: block;
    margin-left: auto;
    margin-right: auto;
}

The answer to your question:

Is the property text-align: center; a good way to center an image
using CSS?

Yes and no.

  • Yes, if the image is the only element inside its wrapper.
  • No, in case you have other elements inside the image’s wrapper because all the children elements which are siblings of the image will inherit the text-align property: and may be you would not like this side effect.

References

  1. List of inline elements
  2. Centering things

###

One more way to scale – display it:

img {
  width: 60%; /* Or required size of image. */
  margin-left: 20% /* Or scale it to move image. */
  margin-right: 20% /* It doesn't matters much if using left and width */
}

###

Use this to your img CSS:

img {
  margin-right: auto;
  margin-left: auto;
}

###

display: block with margin: 0 didn’t work for me, neither wrapping with a text-align: center element.

This is my solution:

img.center {
    position: absolute;
    transform: translateX(-50%);
    left: 50%;
}

translateX is supported by most browsers

###

I discovered that if I have an image and some text inside a div, then I can use text-align:center to align the text and the image in one swoop.

HTML:

    <div class="picture-group">
        <h2 class="picture-title">Picture #1</h2>
        <img src="http://lorempixel.com/99/100/" alt="" class="picture-img" />
        <p class="picture-caption">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Temporibus sapiente fuga, quia?</p>
    </div>

CSS:

.picture-group {
  border: 1px solid black;
  width: 25%;
  float: left;
  height: 300px;
  #overflow:scroll;
  padding: 5px;
  text-align:center;
}

CodePen:
https://codepen.io/artforlife/pen/MoBzrL?editors=1100

###

Sometimes we directly add the content and images on the WordPress administrator inside the pages. When we insert the images inside the content and want to align that center. Code is displayed as:

 **<p><img src="https://abcxyz.com/demo/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/1.jpg" alt=""></p>**

In that case you can add CSS content like this:

article p img{
    margin: 0 auto;
    display: block;
    text-align: center;
    float: none;
}

###

Use:

<dev class="col-sm-8" style="text-align: center;"><img src="{{URL('image/car-trouble-with-clipping-path.jpg')}}" ></dev>

I think this is the way to center an image in the Laravel framework.

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