http – Accessing post variables using Java Servlets-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

What is the Java equivalent of PHP’s $_POST? After searching the web for an hour, I’m still nowhere closer.

How to solve:

Your HttpServletRequest object has a getParameter(String paramName) method that can be used to get parameter values. http://java.sun.com/javaee/5/docs/api/javax/servlet/ServletRequest.html#getParameter(java.lang.String)

Answer:

Here’s a simple example. I didn’t get fancy with the html or the servlet, but you should get the idea.

I hope this helps you out.

<html>
<body>
<form method="post" action="/myServlet">
<input type="text" name="username" />
<input type="password" name="password" />
<input type="submit" />
</form>
</body>
</html>

Now for the Servlet

import java.io.*;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;

public class MyServlet extends HttpServlet {
  public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request,
                    HttpServletResponse response)
      throws ServletException, IOException {

    String userName = request.getParameter("username");
    String password = request.getParameter("password");
    ....
    ....
  }
}

Answer:

POST variables should be accessible via the request object: HttpRequest.getParameterMap(). The exception is if the form is sending multipart MIME data (the FORM has enctype=”multipart/form-data”). In that case, you need to parse the byte stream with a MIME parser. You can write your own or use an existing one like the Apache Commons File Upload API.

Answer:

The previous answers are correct but remember to use the name attribute in the input fields (html form) or you won’t get anything. Example:


<input type="text" id="username" /> <!-- won't work -->
<input type="text" name="username" /> <!-- will work -->
<input type="text" name="username" id="username" /> <!-- will work too -->

All this code is HTML valid, but using getParameter(java.lang.String) you will need the name attribute been set in all parameters you want to receive.

Answer:

For getting all post parameters there is Map which contains request param name as key and param value as key.

Map params = servReq.getParameterMap();

And to get parameters with known name normal

String userId=servReq.getParameter("user_id");

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