java – Android change and set default locale within the app-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am working on globalization of Android app. I have to provide options to choose different locales from within the app. I am using the following code in my activity (HomeActivity) where I provide option to change the locale

Configuration config = new Configuration();
config.locale = selectedLocale; // set accordingly 
// eg. if Hindi then selectedLocale = new Locale("hi");
Locale.setDefault(selectedLocale); // has no effect
Resources res = getApplicationContext().getResources();
res.updateConfiguration(config, res.getDisplayMetrics());

This works fine as long as there are no configuration changes like screen rotation where the locale defaults to the android system level locale rather than the locale set by the code.

Locale.setDefault(selectedLocale);

One solution I can think of is to persist the user selected locale using SharedPreferences and in each activity’s onCreate() method have the locale set to the persisted locale as the onCreate() gets called again and again for every configuration change. Is there any better way to do this so that I don’t have to do it in every activity.

Basically what I want is that – Once I change/set to some locale in my HomeActivity I want all the activities within my app to use that locale itself irrespective of any configuration changes….unless and until it is changed to other locale from the app’s HomeActivity that provides options to change locale.

How to solve:

Although the solution stated in this answer works in the general case, I found myself adding to my preference screen:

 <activity android:name="com.example.UserPreferences"
     android:screenOrientation="landscape"
     android:configChanges="orientation|keyboardHidden|screenSize">
 </activity>

This is because when the application is in landscape mode and the preference screen in portrait mode, changing the locale and going back to the application might cause trouble. Setting both to be in landscape mode prevent this from happening.

General solution

You need to change the locale at the Application level, so that its effects are everywhere.

public class MyApplication extends Application
{
  @Override
  public void onCreate()
  {
    updateLanguage(this);
    super.onCreate();
  }

  public static void updateLanguage(Context ctx)
  {
    SharedPreferences prefs = PreferenceManager.getDefaultSharedPreferences(ctx);
    String lang = prefs.getString("locale_override", "");
    updateLanguage(ctx, lang);
  }

  public static void updateLanguage(Context ctx, String lang)
  {
    Configuration cfg = new Configuration();
    if (!TextUtils.isEmpty(lang))
      cfg.locale = new Locale(lang);
    else
      cfg.locale = Locale.getDefault();

    ctx.getResources().updateConfiguration(cfg, null);
  }
}

Then in your manifest you have to write:

<application android:name="com.example.MyApplication" ...>
  ...
</application>

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