java – android: how to change layout on button click?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I have to following code for selecting layout on button click.

View.OnClickListener handler = new View.OnClickListener(){
    public void onClick(View v) {

        switch (v.getId()) {

            case R.id.DownloadView: 
                // doStuff
                setContentView(R.layout.main);
                break;
            case R.id.AppView: 
                // doStuff
                setContentView(R.layout.app);
                break;
        }
    }
};

findViewById(R.id.DownloadView).setOnClickListener(handler);
findViewById(R.id.AppView).setOnClickListener(handler);

When I click the “AppView” button, the layout changes, but when I click the “DownloadView “button, nothing happens.

This link says that I have to start a new activity.

But I don’t know how to use the code there of intent to start new activity, will a new file be added?

EDIT:
I have my code on the new activity:

package com.example.engagiasync;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class AppView extends Activity implements OnClickListener{


    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState){

        setContentView(R.layout.app);

        TextView tv = (TextView) this.findViewById(R.id.thetext);
        tv.setText("App View yo!?\n");
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub

    }
}

but it does not work, it force closes, the logcat says:enter image description here

How to solve:
  Button btnDownload = (Button) findViewById(R.id.DownloadView);
  Button btnApp = (Button) findViewById(R.id.AppView);

  btnDownload.setOnClickListener(handler);
  btnApp.setOnClickListener(handler);

  View.OnClickListener handler = new View.OnClickListener(){

  public void onClick(View v) {

    if(v==btnDownload){ 
            // doStuff
            Intent intentMain = new Intent(CurrentActivity.this , 
                                           SecondActivity.class);
            CurrentActivity.this.startActivity(intentMain);
            Log.i("Content "," Main layout ");
    }

    if(v==btnApp){ 
            // doStuff
            Intent intentApp = new Intent(CurrentActivity.this, 
                                          ThirdActivity.class);

            CurrentActivity.this.startActivity(intentApp);

            Log.i("Content "," App layout ");

    }
   }
  };

Note : and then you should declare all your activities in the manifest .xml file like this :

<activity android:name=".SecondActivity" ></activity>
<activity android:name=".ThirdActivity" ></activity>

EDIT : update this part of Code 🙂 :

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState){
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);// Add THIS LINE

    setContentView(R.layout.app);

    TextView tv = (TextView) this.findViewById(R.id.thetext);
    tv.setText("App View yo!?\n");
}

NB : check this (Broken link) Tutorial About How To Switch Between Activities.

###

I would add an android:onClick to the layout and then change the layout in the activity.

So in the layout

<ImageView
(Other things like source etc.)
android:onClick="changelayout"
/>

Then in the activity add the following:

public void changelayout(View view){
    setContentView(R.layout.second_layout);
}

###

I think what you’re trying to do should be done with multiple Activities. If you’re learning Android, understanding Activities is something you’re going to have to tackle. Trying to write a whole app with just one Activity will end up being a lot more difficult. Read this article to get yourself started, then you should end up with something more like this:

View.OnClickListener handler = new View.OnClickListener(){
    public void onClick(View v) {

        switch (v.getId()) {

            case R.id.DownloadView: 
                // doStuff
                startActivity(new Intent(ThisActivity.this, DownloadActivity.class));
                break;
            case R.id.AppView: 
                // doStuff
                startActivity(new Intent(ThisActivity.this, AppActivity.class));
                break;
        }
    }
};

findViewById(R.id.DownloadView).setOnClickListener(handler);
findViewById(R.id.AppView).setOnClickListener(handler);

###

I know I’m coming to this late, but what the heck.

I’ve got almost the exact same code as Kris, using just one Activity but with 2 different layouts/views, and I want to switch between the layouts at will.

As a test, I added 2 menu options, each one switches the view:

public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {

        switch (item.getItemId()) {
            case R.id.item1:
                setContentView(R.layout.main);
                return true;
            case R.id.item2:
                setContentView(R.layout.alternate);
                return true;
            default:
                return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
        }
    }

Note, I’ve got one Activity class. This works perfectly. So I have no idea why people are suggesting using different Activities / Intents. Maybe someone can explain why my code works and Kris’s didn’t.

###

You wanted to change the layout at runtime on button click. But that is not possible and as it has been rightly stated above, you need to restart the activity. You will come across a similar problem when u plan on changing the theme based on user’s selection but it will not reflect in runtime. You will have to restart the activity.

###

The logcat shows the error, you should call super.onCreate(savedInstanceState) :

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState){
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    //... your code
}

###

First I would suggest putting a Log in each case of your switch to be sure that your code is being called.

Then I would check that the layouts are actually different.

###

It is very simple, just do this:

t4.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener(){

        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {

            launchQuiz2();          // TODO Auto-generated method stub

        }

        private void launchQuiz2() {
            Intent i = new Intent(MainActivity.this, Quiz2.class);
            startActivity(i);
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

        }

    });

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *