java – Delete Not Working with JpaRepository-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I have a spring 4 app where I’m trying to delete an instance of an entity from my database. I have the following entity:

@Entity
public class Token implements Serializable {

    @Id
    @SequenceGenerator(name = "seqToken", sequenceName = "SEQ_TOKEN", initialValue = 500, allocationSize = 1)
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.SEQUENCE, generator = "seqToken")
    @Column(name = "TOKEN_ID", nullable = false, precision = 19, scale = 0)
    private Long id;

    @NotNull
    @Column(name = "VALUE", unique = true)
    private String value;

    @ManyToOne(fetch = FetchType.EAGER)
    @JoinColumn(name = "USER_ACCOUNT_ID", nullable = false)
    private UserAccount userAccount;

    @Temporal(TemporalType.TIMESTAMP)
    @Column(name = "EXPIRES", length = 11)
    private Date expires;

    ...
    // getters and setters omitted to keep it simple
}

I have a JpaRepository interface defined:

public interface TokenRepository extends JpaRepository<Token, Long> {

    Token findByValue(@Param("value") String value);

}

I have a unit test setup that works with an in memory database (H2) and I am pre-filling the database with two tokens:

@Test
public void testDeleteToken() {
    assertThat(tokenRepository.findAll().size(), is(2));
    Token deleted = tokenRepository.findOne(1L);
    tokenRepository.delete(deleted);
    tokenRepository.flush();
    assertThat(tokenRepository.findAll().size(), is(1));
}

The first assertion passes, the second fails. I tried another test that changes the token value and saves that to the database and it does indeed work, so I’m not sure why delete isn’t working. It doesn’t throw any exceptions either, just doesn’t persist it to the database. It doesn’t work against my oracle database either.


Edit

Still having this issue. I was able to get the delete to persist to the database by adding this to my TokenRepository interface:

@Modifying
@Query("delete from Token t where t.id = ?1")
void delete(Long entityId);

However this is not an ideal solution. Any ideas as to what I need to do to get it working without this extra method?

How to solve:

I had the same problem

Perhaps your UserAccount entity has an @OneToMany with Cascade on some attribute.

I’ve just remove the cascade, than it could persist when deleting…

Answer:

Most probably such behaviour occurs when you have bidirectional relationship and you’re not synchronizing both sides WHILE having both parent and child persisted (attached to the current session).

This is tricky and I’m gonna explain this with the following example.

@Entity
public class Parent {
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = IDENTITY)
    @Column(name = "id", unique = true, nullable = false)
    private Long id;

    @OneToMany(cascade = CascadeType.PERSIST, mappedBy = "parent")
    private Set<Child> children = new HashSet<>(0);

    public void setChildren(Set<Child> children) {
        this.children = children;
        this.children.forEach(child -> child.setParent(this));
    }
}
@Entity
public class Child {
    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = IDENTITY)
    @Column(name = "id", unique = true, nullable = false)
    private Long id;

    @ManyToOne
    @JoinColumn(name = "parent_id")
    private Parent parent;

    public void setParent(Parent parent) {
        this.parent = parent;
    }
}

Let’s write a test (a transactional one btw)

public class ParentTest extends IntegrationTestSpec {

    @Autowired
    private ParentRepository parentRepository;

    @Autowired
    private ChildRepository childRepository;

    @Autowired
    private ParentFixture parentFixture;

    @Test
    public void test() {
        Parent parent = new Parent();
        Child child = new Child();

        parent.setChildren(Set.of(child));
        parentRepository.save(parent);

        Child fetchedChild = childRepository.findAll().get(0);
        childRepository.delete(fetchedChild);

        assertEquals(1, parentRepository.count());
        assertEquals(0, childRepository.count()); // FAILS!!! childRepostitory.counts() returns 1
    }
}

Pretty simple test right? We’re creating parent and child, save it to database, then fetching a child from database, removing it and at last making sure everything works just as expected. And it’s not.

The delete here didn’t work because we didn’t synchronized the other part of relationship which is PERSISTED IN CURRENT SESSION. If Parent wasn’t associated with current session our test would pass, i.e.

@Component
public class ParentFixture {
    ...
    @Transactional(propagation = Propagation.REQUIRES_NEW)
    public void thereIsParentWithChildren() {
        Parent parent = new Parent();
        Child child = new Child();
        parent.setChildren(Set.of(child));

        parentRepository.save(parent);
    }
} 

and

@Test
public void test() {
    parentFixture.thereIsParentWithChildren(); // we're saving Child and Parent in seperate transaction

    Child fetchedChild = childRepository.findAll().get(0);
    childRepository.delete(fetchedChild);

    assertEquals(1, parentRepository.count());
    assertEquals(0, childRepository.count()); // WORKS!
}

Of course it only proves my point and explains the behaviour OP faced. The proper way to go is obviously keeping in sync both parts of relationship which means:

class Parent {
    ...
     public void dismissChild(Child child) {
         this.children.remove(child);
     }

     public void dismissChildren() {
        this.children.forEach(child -> child.dismissParent()); // SYNCHRONIZING THE OTHER SIDE OF RELATIONSHIP 
        this.children.clear();
     }

}

class Child {
    ...
    public void dismissParent() {
        this.parent.dismissChild(this); //SYNCHRONIZING THE OTHER SIDE OF RELATIONSHIP
        this.parent = null;
    }
}

Obviously @PreRemove could be used here.

Answer:

You need to add PreRemove function ,in the class where you have many object as attribute e.g in Education Class which have relation with UserProfile
Education.java

private Set<UserProfile> userProfiles = new HashSet<UserProfile>(0);

@ManyToMany(fetch = FetchType.EAGER, mappedBy = "educations")
public Set<UserProfile> getUserProfiles() {
    return this.userProfiles;
}

@PreRemove
private void removeEducationFromUsersProfile() {
    for (UsersProfile u : usersProfiles) {
        u.getEducationses().remove(this);
    }
}

Answer:

I just went through this too. In my case, I had to make the child table have a nullable foreign key field and then remove the parent from the relationship by setting null, then calling save and delete and flush.

I didn’t see a delete in the log or any exception prior to doing this.

Answer:

If you use an newer version of Spring Data, you could use deleteBy syntax…so you are able to remove one of your annotations 😛

the next thing is, that the behaviour is already tract by a Jira ticket:
https://jira.spring.io/browse/DATAJPA-727

Answer:

One way is to use cascade = CascadeType.ALL like this in your userAccount service:

@OneToMany(cascade = CascadeType.ALL)
private List<Token> tokens;

Then do something like the following (or similar logic)

@Transactional
public void deleteUserToken(Token token){
    userAccount.getTokens().remove(token);
}

Notice the @Transactional annotation. This will allow Spring (Hibernate) to know if you want to either persist, merge, or whatever it is you are doing in the method. AFAIK the example above should work as if you had no CascadeType set, and call JPARepository.delete(token).

Answer:

Your initial value for id is 500. That means your id starts with 500

@SequenceGenerator(name = "seqToken", sequenceName = "SEQ_TOKEN",
initialValue = 500, allocationSize = 1)

And you select one item with id 1 here

 Token deleted = tokenRepository.findOne(1L);

So check your database to clarify that

Answer:

I’ve the same problem, test is ok but on db row isn’t deleted.

have you added the @Transactional annotation to method? for me this change makes it work

Answer:

In my case was the CASCADE.PERSIST, i changed for CASCADE.ALL, and made the change through the cascade (changing the father object).

Answer:

CascadeType.PERSIST and orphanRemoval=true doesn’t work together.

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