java – Difference Between commit and apply in Android SharedPreferences-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

SharedPreferences are used to save Application data in Android.

commit() and apply() both are used to save the changes in the shared preferences.

As mentioned in Android Library:

public abstarct void apply():

Unlike commit(), which writes its preferences out to persistent
storage synchronously, apply() commits its changes to the in-memory
SharedPreferences immediately but starts an asynchronous commit to
disk and you won’t be notified of any failures. If another editor on
this SharedPreferences does a regular commit() while a apply() is
still outstanding, the commit() will block until all async commits are
completed as well as the commit itself.

public abstract boolean commit ():

Commit your preferences changes back from this Editor to the
SharedPreferences object it is editing. This atomically performs the
requested modifications, replacing whatever is currently in the

Does this mean that the changes made by commit() are instant as compared with apply()? Which one is better?

If I need to use the same shared preference value in the next immediate activity, which one should I use? As I have seen if the value of Preference is updated it is not reflected till the application is restarted.

How to solve:

Commit() is instantaneous but performs disk writes. If you are on the ui thread you should call apply() which is asynchronous.


apply() – returns void

apply() was added in 2.3, it saves without returning a boolean indicating success or failure.

commit() – returns boolean value.

commit() returns true if the save works, false otherwise. apply() was added as the android dev team noticed that most no one took notice of the return value, so apply is faster.

You can refer to below link

What's the difference between commit() and apply() in Shared Preference

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