java – How to convert a PDF page to an image in Android?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

All I need to do is take a (locally saved) PDF-document and convert one or all of it’s pages to image format like JPG or PNG.

I’ve tried lot’s of PDF Rendering/viewing solutions like APV PDF Viewer, APDFViewer, droidreader, android-pdf, MuPdf and many others but couldn’t figure it out so far that how to convert a pdf-page into image?.

EDIT: Also I’d rather have a PDF to image converter than a PDF renderer that I need to edit to convert PDF to image.

How to solve:

You need to have look at this open-source for project for the same requirement, that can be helpful to you to do many more things also.

Project : PdfRenderer

There is one Java class named PDFPage.java in pdfview package. that class have a method to get Image of the page.

I have also implemented the same thing in my test project and the java code is here for you. I have created one method showPage which accepts the page no and zoom level and return that page as Bitmap.

Hope this can help you. You just need to get that Project or JAR for that, Read the well-documented JAVADOC for the same and then try and implement the same as I did.

Take your time, Happy Coding 🙂

###

To support API 8 and above, follow:

Using this library: android-pdfview and the following code, you can reliably convert the PDF pages into images (JPG, PNG):

DecodeServiceBase decodeService = new DecodeServiceBase(new PdfContext());
decodeService.setContentResolver(mContext.getContentResolver());

// a bit long running
decodeService.open(Uri.fromFile(pdf));

int pageCount = decodeService.getPageCount();
for (int i = 0; i < pageCount; i++) {
    PdfPage page = decodeService.getPage(i);
    RectF rectF = new RectF(0, 0, 1, 1);

    // do a fit center to 1920x1080
    double scaleBy = Math.min(AndroidUtils.PHOTO_WIDTH_PIXELS / (double) page.getWidth(), //
            AndroidUtils.PHOTO_HEIGHT_PIXELS / (double) page.getHeight());
    int with = (int) (page.getWidth() * scaleBy);
    int height = (int) (page.getHeight() * scaleBy);

    // you can change these values as you to zoom in/out
    // and even distort (scale without maintaining the aspect ratio)
    // the resulting images

    // Long running
    Bitmap bitmap = page.renderBitmap(with, height, rectF);

    try {
        File outputFile = new File(mOutputDir, System.currentTimeMillis() + FileUtils.DOT_JPEG);
        FileOutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);

        // a bit long running
        bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, outputStream);

        outputStream.close();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        LogWrapper.fatalError(e);
    }
}

You should do this work in the background i.e. by using an AsyncTask or something similar as quite a few methods take computation or IO time (I have marked them in comments).

###

Starting from Android API 21 PdfRenderer is what you are looking for.

###

Use the lib https://github.com/barteksc/PdfiumAndroid

public Bitmap getBitmap(File file){
 int pageNum = 0;
            PdfiumCore pdfiumCore = new PdfiumCore(context);
            try {
                PdfDocument pdfDocument = pdfiumCore.newDocument(openFile(file));
                pdfiumCore.openPage(pdfDocument, pageNum);

                int width = pdfiumCore.getPageWidthPoint(pdfDocument, pageNum);
                int height = pdfiumCore.getPageHeightPoint(pdfDocument, pageNum);


                // ARGB_8888 - best quality, high memory usage, higher possibility of OutOfMemoryError
                // RGB_565 - little worse quality, twice less memory usage
                Bitmap bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(width , height ,
                        Bitmap.Config.RGB_565);
                pdfiumCore.renderPageBitmap(pdfDocument, bitmap, pageNum, 0, 0,
                        width, height);
                //if you need to render annotations and form fields, you can use
                //the same method above adding 'true' as last param

                pdfiumCore.closeDocument(pdfDocument); // important!
                return bitmap;
            } catch (IOException ex) {
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
            return null;
}

 public static ParcelFileDescriptor openFile(File file) {
        ParcelFileDescriptor descriptor;
        try {
            descriptor = ParcelFileDescriptor.open(file, ParcelFileDescriptor.MODE_READ_ONLY);
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return null;
        }
        return descriptor;
    }

###

I will say you a simple trick not a complete solution.Once if you successfully rendered the pdf page you will get its bitmap from screen as follow

View view = MuPDFActivity.this.getWindow().getDecorView();
if (false == view.isDrawingCacheEnabled()) {
    view.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
}
Bitmap bitmap = view.getDrawingCache();

Then you can save this bitmap, that is your pdf page as image in locally

try {
    new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()+"/PDF Reader").mkdirs();
    File outputFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()+"/PDF Reader", System.currentTimeMillis()+"_pdf.jpg");
    FileOutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream(outputFile);

    // a bit long running
    bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, outputStream);
        outputStream.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
    Log.e("During IMAGE formation", e.toString());
}

that’s all, hope you help this.

###

Finally I found very simple solution to this,
Download library from here.

Use below code to get images from PDF:

import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.RectF;
import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.provider.MediaStore;

import org.vudroid.core.DecodeServiceBase;
import org.vudroid.core.codec.CodecPage;
import org.vudroid.pdfdroid.codec.PdfContext;

import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;

/**
 * Created by deepakd on 06-06-2016.
 */
public class PrintUtils extends AsyncTask<Void, Void, ArrayList<Uri>>
{
    File file;
    Context context;
    ProgressDialog progressDialog;

    public PrintUtils(File file, Context context)
    {

        this.file = file;
        this.context = context;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute()
    {
        super.onPreExecute();
        // create and show a progress dialog
        progressDialog = ProgressDialog.show(context, "", "Please wait...");
        progressDialog.show();
    }

    @Override
    protected ArrayList<Uri> doInBackground(Void... params)
    {
        ArrayList<Uri> uris = new ArrayList<>();

        DecodeServiceBase decodeService = new DecodeServiceBase(new PdfContext());
        decodeService.setContentResolver(context.getContentResolver());
        // a bit long running
        decodeService.open(Uri.fromFile(file));
        int pageCount = decodeService.getPageCount();
        for (int i = 0; i < pageCount; i++)
        {
            CodecPage page = decodeService.getPage(i);
            RectF rectF = new RectF(0, 0, 1, 1);
            // do a fit center to A4 Size image 2480x3508
            double scaleBy = Math.min(UIUtils.PHOTO_WIDTH_PIXELS / (double) page.getWidth(), //
                    UIUtils.PHOTO_HEIGHT_PIXELS / (double) page.getHeight());
            int with = (int) (page.getWidth() * scaleBy);
            int height = (int) (page.getHeight() * scaleBy);
            // Long running
            Bitmap bitmap = page.renderBitmap(with, height, rectF);
            try
            {
                OutputStream outputStream = FileUtils.getReportOutputStream(System.currentTimeMillis() + ".JPEG");
                // a bit long running
                bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, outputStream);
                outputStream.close();
               // uris.add(getImageUri(context, bitmap));
                uris.add(saveImageAndGetURI(bitmap));
            }
            catch (IOException e)
            {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return uris;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(ArrayList<Uri> uris)
    {
        progressDialog.hide();
        //get all images by uri 
        //ur implementation goes here
    }




    public void shareMultipleFilesToBluetooth(Context context, ArrayList<Uri> uris)
    {
        try
        {
            Intent sharingIntent = new Intent();
            sharingIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_SEND_MULTIPLE);
            sharingIntent.setType("image/*");
           // sharingIntent.setPackage("com.android.bluetooth");
            sharingIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uris);
            context.startActivity(Intent.createChooser(sharingIntent,"Print PDF using..."));
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }





    private Uri saveImageAndGetURI(Bitmap finalBitmap) {
        String root = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().toString();
        File myDir = new File(root + "/print_images");
        myDir.mkdirs();
        String fname = "Image-"+ MathUtils.getRandomID() +".jpeg";
        File file = new File (myDir, fname);
        if (file.exists ()) file.delete ();
        try {
            FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(file);
            finalBitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, out);
            out.flush();
            out.close();

        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return Uri.parse("file://"+file.getPath());
    }

}

FileUtils.java

package com.airdata.util;

import android.net.Uri;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

/**
 * Created by DeepakD on 21-06-2016.
 */
public class FileUtils
{

    @NonNull
    public static OutputStream getReportOutputStream(String fileName) throws FileNotFoundException
{
    // create file
    File pdfFolder = getReportFilePath(fileName);
    // create output stream
    return new FileOutputStream(pdfFolder);
}

    public static Uri getReportUri(String fileName)
    {
        File pdfFolder = getReportFilePath(fileName);
        return Uri.fromFile(pdfFolder);
    }
    public static File getReportFilePath(String fileName)
    {
        /*File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStoragePublicDirectory(
                Environment.DIRECTORY_DOWNLOADS), FileName);*/
        File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/AirPlanner/Reports");
        //Create report directory if does not exists
        if (!file.exists())
        {
            //noinspection ResultOfMethodCallIgnored
            file.mkdirs();
        }
        file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/AirPlanner/Reports/" + fileName);
        return file;
    }
}

You can view converted images in Gallery or in SD card. Please let me know if you need any help.

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