java – How to list dependencies of a JAR-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

is there a tool that can list third party “packages” that contain (third party) classes referenced in the JAR ? Let say that it would recognize what is “home” package from JAR file definition and it would print out a list of fully qualified names of third party classes up to 3rd level that were referenced within the JAR.

org.apache.commons  
org.apache.maven
javax.servlet.jsp
org.eclipse.persistence
org.apache.jackrabbit

the purpose is that I need to find maven dependencies for that JAR file and deploy it as a maven artifact.

How to solve:

JarAnalyzer:

a dependency management utility for jar files. It’s primary purpose is to traverse through a directory, parse each of the jar files in that directory, and identify the dependencies between the jar files. The output is an xml file representing the PhysicalDependencies between the jar files.

For more information on PhysicalDependencies, including a variety of design patterns, check out Extensible Java

Answer:

There is a new tool since JDK 8: jdeps

https://wiki.openjdk.java.net/display/JDK8/Java+Dependency+Analysis+Tool

jdeps is a new command-line tool added since JDK 8 for developers to use to understand the static dependencies of their applications and libraries. jdeps is a static analysis tool on the given class files

Answer:

You can do the following (if its a maven project):

mvn dependency:tree

It shows transitive dependencies as well, making it very useful to debug dependency conflicts.

Answer:

If you use maven (as I understood), you can simply use Maven Dependency plugin.

First you need to write a basic pom.xml with all your jars, you can copy this example (i use hibernate as example), and substitute your jars :

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
       <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
       <groupId>com.mycompany.app</groupId>
       <artifactId>my-app</artifactId>
       <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
       <packaging>jar</packaging>
       <name>Maven Quick Start Archetype</name>
       <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>
       <dependencies>
          <dependency>
             <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
             <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
             <version>3.5.0-Final</version>
          </dependency>
<!-- add here other dependencies -->
       </dependencies>
    </project>

then open terminal, go into the containing folder of the pom.xml above and run this command :

mvn dependency:tree

this will print a list of dependencies…

or if you want download and copy in a folder all dependencies run the following command :

mvn dependency:copy-dependencies

you’ll find all your dependencies in folder ./target/dependencies

Answer:

Tattleltale is a tool from JBoss which does this

tattletale.jboss.org/

Answer:

My first thought was that you could do this by using a class loader to iterate over all the class files in the jar and use reflection to analyse each one for their dependences. However the Class class does not have a method which tells you this information. So the next thought would be to use some sort of bytecode analyser (asm for example) to pull out all the referenced classes from a compile class.

Presuming that you could get this information the next issue would be to back trace the classes to jars. In a sense this would be the easy part because all you would need to do is create a classloader for each jar in your maven repo, or directory or wherever the jars are, and then ask each one in turn if it contained the specific class.

The flaw in that thinking is that a java class (raw source or compiled) does not detail where to get the imported class from. So if you have two classes with the same package and name (happens more often than you might think), then you would be unable to tell which to use.

Even java just assumes that the first one it finds in the class path is the correct one and throws an exception if it turns out to be incorrect (MethodNotFoundException). So unless you are going to further analyse the bytecode to figure out what methods on each class are called and then compare those with the classes in your class path, you still won’t be able to be correct.

IN short, it’s probably possible to do what you want, but likely to be very difficult and time consuming.

The way I normally deal with this is to simply fire up the class in test code and keep adding dependencies until I can get it to execute every method I’m interested in.

Answer:

If yours is a maven based project

mvn dependency:build-classpath -Dmdep.pathSeparator=":" -Dmdep.prefix='' -Dmdep.fileSeparator=":" -Dmdep.outputFile=classpath

Look at the below link
http://maven.apache.org/plugins/maven-dependency-plugin/build-classpath-mojo.html

May be in your case

mvn dependency:build-classpath -Dmdep.pathSeparator=":" -Dmdep.prefix='' -Dmdep.fileSeparator=":" -Dmdep.outputFile=classpath -f pathtopom.xml of third party 

Answer:

This might be an alternative for this tool. But it doesn’t list referenced classes. The last number determines “package level”.

jar tvf yourjar.jar | perl -nle'BEGIN{$depth=(shift)-1}print join(".", (split(/\//, (split)[-1]))[0..$depth])' 3

Problem is, that this way it is impossible to get referenced classes out of class definitions. So the only way possible seems to be do it in JAVA.

So the question is: Is there any Java tool that can do it ?

EDIT:

I found what I needed : M2eclipse has a feature called Class search

In the maven repositories view, right click a repository and enable full index

Then Navigate > Open type from maven – there you can look through all artifacts available based on java package convention

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