java – How to paginate Firestore with Android?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I read Firestore documentation and all articles on internet(stackoverflow) about Firestore pagination but no luck. I tried to implement the exact code in docs, but nothing happens. I have a basic database with items(over 1250 or more) and I want to get them progressively. By scrolling to load 15 items (to the last item in the database).

If using docs code:

// Construct query for first 25 cities, ordered by population
Query first = db.collection("cities")

    .addOnSuccessListener(new OnSuccessListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
    public void onSuccess(QuerySnapshot documentSnapshots) {
        // ...

        // Get the last visible document
        DocumentSnapshot lastVisible = documentSnapshots.getDocuments()
            .get(documentSnapshots.size() -1);

        // Construct a new query starting at this document,
        // get the next 25 cities.
        Query next = db.collection("cities")

        // Use the query for pagination
        // ...

How to do? Documentation has not too many details.

PS: I need with recycler view (not list view) when user scrolls. Thanks

How to solve:

As it is mentioned in the official documentation, the key for solving this problem is to use the startAfter() method. So you can paginate queries by combining query cursors with the limit() method. You’ll be able to use the last document in a batch as the start of a cursor for the next batch.

To solve this pagination problem, please see my answer from this post, in which I have explained step by step, how you can load data from a Cloud Firestore database in smaller chunks and display it in a ListView on button click.


To get the data from your Firestore database and display it in smaller chunks in a RecyclerView, please follow the steps below.

Let’s take the above example in which I have used products. You can use products, cities or whatever you want. The principles are the same. Assuming that you want to load more products when user scrolls, I’ll use RecyclerView.OnScrollListener.

Let’s define first the RecyclerView, set the layout manager to LinearLayoutManager and create a list. We also instantiate the adapter using the empty list and set the adapter to our RecyclerView:

RecyclerView recyclerView = findViewById(;
recyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(this));
List<ProductModel> list = new ArrayList<>();
ProductAdapter productAdapter = new ProductAdapter(list);

Let’s assume we have a database structure that looks like this:

   --- products (collection)
         --- productId (document)
                --- productName: "Product Name"

And a model class that looks like this:

public class ProductModel {
    private String productName;

    public ProductModel() {}

    public ProductModel(String productName) {this.productName = productName;}

    public String getProductName() {return productName;}

This how the adapter class should look like:

private class ProductAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<ProductViewHolder> {
    private List<ProductModel> list;

    ProductAdapter(List<ProductModel> list) {
        this.list = list;

    public ProductViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(@NonNull ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        View view = LayoutInflater.from(parent.getContext()).inflate(R.layout.item_product, parent, false);
        return new ProductViewHolder(view);

    public void onBindViewHolder(@NonNull ProductViewHolder productViewHolder, int position) {
        String productName = list.get(position).getProductName();

    public int getItemCount() {
        return list.size();

The item_product layout contains only one view, a TextView.


And this is how the holder class should look like:

private class ProductViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
    private View view;

    ProductViewHolder(View itemView) {
        view = itemView;

    void setProductName(String productName) {
        TextView textView = view.findViewById(;

Now, let’s define a limit as a global variable and set it to 15.

private int limit = 15;

Let’s define now the query using this limit:

FirebaseFirestore rootRef = FirebaseFirestore.getInstance();
CollectionReference productsRef = rootRef.collection("products");
Query query = productsRef.orderBy("productName", Query.Direction.ASCENDING).limit(limit);

Here is the code that also does the magic in your case:

query.get().addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
    public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
        if (task.isSuccessful()) {
            for (DocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                ProductModel productModel = document.toObject(ProductModel.class);
            lastVisible = task.getResult().getDocuments().get(task.getResult().size() - 1);

            RecyclerView.OnScrollListener onScrollListener = new RecyclerView.OnScrollListener() {
                public void onScrollStateChanged(RecyclerView recyclerView, int newState) {
                    super.onScrollStateChanged(recyclerView, newState);
                    if (newState == AbsListView.OnScrollListener.SCROLL_STATE_TOUCH_SCROLL) {
                        isScrolling = true;

                public void onScrolled(RecyclerView recyclerView, int dx, int dy) {
                    super.onScrolled(recyclerView, dx, dy);

                    LinearLayoutManager linearLayoutManager = ((LinearLayoutManager) recyclerView.getLayoutManager());
                    int firstVisibleItemPosition = linearLayoutManager.findFirstVisibleItemPosition();
                    int visibleItemCount = linearLayoutManager.getChildCount();
                    int totalItemCount = linearLayoutManager.getItemCount();

                    if (isScrolling && (firstVisibleItemPosition + visibleItemCount == totalItemCount) && !isLastItemReached) {
                        isScrolling = false;
                        Query nextQuery = productsRef.orderBy("productName", Query.Direction.ASCENDING).startAfter(lastVisible).limit(limit);
                        nextQuery.get().addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
                            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> t) {
                                if (t.isSuccessful()) {
                                    for (DocumentSnapshot d : t.getResult()) {
                                        ProductModel productModel = d.toObject(ProductModel.class);
                                    lastVisible = t.getResult().getDocuments().get(t.getResult().size() - 1);

                                    if (t.getResult().size() < limit) {
                                        isLastItemReached = true;

In which lastVisible is a DocumentSnapshot object which represents the last visible item from the query. In this case, every 15’th one and it is declared as a global variable:

private DocumentSnapshot lastVisible;

And isScrolling and isLastItemReached are also global variables and are declared as:

private boolean isScrolling = false;
private boolean isLastItemReached = false;

If you want to get data in realtime, then instead of using a get() call you need to use addSnapshotListener() as explained in the official documentation regarding listening to multiple documents in a collection. More information you can find the following article:


FirebaseUI-Android also recently came out with a Firestore Paginator.

I have used it in my code, and it works great – just keep in mind that it operates using .get() instead of .addSnapshotListener(), so the recycler is not in realtime.

See the docs here:

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