java.lang.Exception: No runnable methods exception in running JUnits-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am trying to run the JUnit on my Linux command prompt /opt/junit/ contains the necessary JARS(hamcrest-core-1.3.jar and junit.jar) and class files and I am using the following command to run the JUnit:

java -cp hamcrest-core-1.3.jar:junit.jar:. org.junit.runner.JUnitCore  TestRunner

TestJunit class:

import org.junit.Test;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
public class TestJunit {
   @Test
   public void testAdd() {
      String str= "Junit is working fine";
      assertEquals("Junit is working fine",str);
   }
}

TestRunner:

import org.junit.runner.JUnitCore;
import org.junit.runner.Result;
import org.junit.runner.notification.Failure;

public class TestRunner {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Result result = JUnitCore.runClasses(TestJunit.class);
      for (Failure failure : result.getFailures()) {
         System.out.println("fail ho gaya"+failure.toString());
      }
      System.out.println("passed:"+result.wasSuccessful());
   }
}  

I am getting the following exception on running this

JUnit version 4.11
.E
Time: 0.003
There was 1 failure:
1) initializationError(TestRunner)
java.lang.Exception: No runnable methods
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.validateInstanceMethods(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:169)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.collectInitializationErrors(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:104)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.validate(ParentRunner.java:355)
    at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.<init>(ParentRunner.java:76)
    at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.<init>(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:57)
    at org.junit.internal.builders.JUnit4Builder.runnerForClass(JUnit4Builder.java:10)
    at org.junit.runners.model.RunnerBuilder.safeRunnerForClass(RunnerBuilder.java:59)
    at org.junit.internal.builders.AllDefaultPossibilitiesBuilder.runnerForClass(AllDefaultPossibilitiesBuilder.java:26)
    at org.junit.runner.Computer.getRunner(Computer.java:40)
    at org.junit.runner.Computer$1.runnerForClass(Computer.java:31)
    at org.junit.runners.model.RunnerBuilder.safeRunnerForClass(RunnerBuilder.java:59)
    at org.junit.runners.model.RunnerBuilder.runners(RunnerBuilder.java:101)
    at org.junit.runners.model.RunnerBuilder.runners(RunnerBuilder.java:87)
    at org.junit.runners.Suite.<init>(Suite.java:80)
    at org.junit.runner.Computer.getSuite(Computer.java:28)
    at org.junit.runner.Request.classes(Request.java:75)
    at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:117)
    at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.runMain(JUnitCore.java:96)
    at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.runMainAndExit(JUnitCore.java:47)
    at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.main(JUnitCore.java:40)

FAILURES!!!
Tests run: 1,  Failures: 1
How to solve:

You will get this exception, if you use the JUnit 4.4 core runner to execute a class that has no "@Test" method.
Kindly consult the link for more info.

courtesy vipin8169

Answer:

In my case I had wrong package imported:

import org.testng.annotations.Test;

instead of

import org.junit.Test;

Beware of your ide autocomplete.

Answer:

This solution will apply to a very small percentage of people, typically people implementing their own JUnit test runners and using a separate ClassLoader.

This can happen when you load a class from a different ClassLoader, then attempt to run that test from an instance of JUnitCore loaded from the system class loader. Example:

// Load class
URLClassLoader cl = new URLClassLoader(myTestUrls, null);
Class<?>[] testCls = cl.loadClass("com.gubby.MyTest");

// Run test
JUnitCore junit = new JUnitCore();
junit.run(testCls); // Throws java.lang.Exception: No runnable methods

Looking at the stack trace:

java.lang.Exception: No runnable methods
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.validateInstanceMethods(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:169)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.collectInitializationErrors(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:104)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.validate(ParentRunner.java:355)
at org.junit.runners.ParentRunner.<init>(ParentRunner.java:76)
at org.junit.runners.BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.<init>(BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java:57)
at org.junit.internal.builders.JUnit4Builder.runnerForClass(JUnit4Builder.java:10)
at org.junit.runners.model.RunnerBuilder.safeRunnerForClass(RunnerBuilder.java:59)
at org.junit.internal.builders.AllDefaultPossibilitiesBuilder.runnerForClass(AllDefaultPossibilitiesBuilder.java:26)
at org.junit.runners.model.RunnerBuilder.safeRunnerForClass(RunnerBuilder.java:59)
at org.junit.internal.requests.ClassRequest.getRunner(ClassRequest.java:26)
at org.junit.runner.JUnitCore.run(JUnitCore.java:138)

The problem actually occurs at BlockJUnit4ClassRunner:169 (assuming JUnit 4.11):

https://github.com/junit-team/junit/blob/r4.11/src/main/java/org/junit/runners/BlockJUnit4ClassRunner.java#L95

Where it checks which methods are annotated with @Test:

protected List<FrameworkMethod> computeTestMethods() {
    return getTestClass().getAnnotatedMethods(Test.class);
}

In this case, Test.class will have been loaded with the system ClassLoader (i.e. the one that loaded JUnitCore), therefore technically none of your test methods will have been annotated with that annotation.

Solution is to load JUnitCore in the same ClassLoader as the tests themselves.


Edit: In answer to the question from user3486675, you need to create a ClassLoader that doesn’t delegate to the system class loader, e.g.:

private static final class IsolatedURLClassLoader extends URLClassLoader {
    private IsolatedURLClassLoader(URL[] urls) {
        // Prevent delegation to the system class loader.
        super(urls, null);
    }
}

Pass this a set of URLs that includes everything you need. You can create this by filtering the system classpath. Note that you cannot simply delegate to the parent ClassLoader, because those classes would then get loaded by that rather than the ClassLoader of your test classes.

Then you need to kick off the whole JUnit job from a class loaded by this ClassLoader. It gets messy here. Something like this utter filth below:

public static final class ClassLoaderIsolatedTestRunner {

    public ClassLoaderIsolatedTestRunner() {
        // Disallow construction at all from wrong ClassLoader
        ensureLoadedInIsolatedClassLoader(this);
    }

    // Do not rename.
    public void run_invokedReflectively(List<String> testClasses) throws BuildException {
        // Make sure we are not accidentally working in the system CL
        ensureLoadedInIsolatedClassLoader(this);

        // Load classes
        Class<?>[] classes = new Class<?>[testClasses.size()];
        for (int i=0; i<testClasses.size(); i++) {
            String test = testClasses.get(i);
            try {
                classes[i] = Class.forName(test);
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                String msg = "Unable to find class file for test ["+test+"]. Make sure all " +
                        "tests sources are either included in this test target via a 'src' " +
                        "declaration.";
                throw new BuildException(msg, e);
            }
        }

        // Run
        JUnitCore junit = new JUnitCore();
        ensureLoadedInIsolatedClassLoader(junit);
        junit.addListener(...);
        junit.run(classes);
    }

    private static void ensureLoadedInIsolatedClassLoader(Object o) {
        String objectClassLoader = o.getClass().getClassLoader().getClass().getName();

        // NB: Can't do instanceof here because they are not instances of each other.
        if (!objectClassLoader.equals(IsolatedURLClassLoader.class.getName())) {
            throw new IllegalStateException(String.format(
                    "Instance of %s not loaded by a IsolatedURLClassLoader (loaded by %s)",
                    cls, objectClassLoader));
        }
    }
}

THEN, you need to invoke the runner via reflection:

Class<?> runnerClass = isolatedClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoaderIsolatedTestRunner.class.getName());

// Invoke via reflection (List.class is OK because it just uses the string form of it)
Object runner = runnerClass.newInstance();
Method method = runner.getClass().getMethod("run_invokedReflectively", List.class);
method.invoke(...);

Answer:

My controller test in big shortcut:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class TaskControllerTest {
   //...
   //tests
   //
}

I just removed “public” and magically it worked.

Answer:

I had the same problem now with testing code. That was caused in spring boot because of the @RunWith annotation. I have used:

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)

With that annotation there is JUnit Vintage running which can’t find any tests and gives you the error. I have removed that and only JUnit Jupiter is running and everything is fine.

Answer:

in my case i just disabled
//@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)

and there is no exception

Answer:

I got this error because I didn’t create my own test suite correctly:

Here is how I did it correctly:

Put this in Foobar.java:

public class Foobar{
    public int getfifteen(){
        return 15;
    }
}

Put this in FoobarTest.java:

import static org.junit.Assert.*;
import junit.framework.JUnit4TestAdapter;
import org.junit.Test;
public class FoobarTest {
    @Test
    public void mytest() {
        Foobar f = new Foobar();

        assert(15==f.getfifteen());
    }
    public static junit.framework.Test suite(){
       return new JUnit4TestAdapter(FoobarTest.class);
    }
}

Download junit4-4.8.2.jar I used the one from here:

http://www.java2s.com/Code/Jar/j/Downloadjunit4jar.htm

Compile it:

javac -cp .:./libs/junit4-4.8.2.jar Foobar.java FoobarTest.java

Run it:

el@failbox /home/el $ java -cp .:./libs/* org.junit.runner.JUnitCore FoobarTest
JUnit version 4.8.2
.
Time: 0.009    
OK (1 test)

One test passed.

Answer:

In Eclipse, I had to use New > Other > JUnit > Junit Test. A Java class created with the exact same text gave me the error, perhaps because it was using JUnit 3.x.

Answer:

The simplest solution is to add @Test annotated method to class where initialisation exception is present.

In our project we have main class with initial settings. I’ve added @Test method and exception has disappeared.

Answer:

I was able to fix by manually adding the junit jar to my project classpath. The easiest way I found to do this was by adding a /lib directory in the project root. Then i just put the junit.jar inside /lib and junit tests starting working for me.

Answer:

You can also get this if you mix org.junit and org.junit.jupiter annotations inadvertently.

Answer:

I faced the same with my parent test setUp class which has annotation @RunWith(SpringRunner.class) and was being extended by other testClasses.
As there was not test in the setUpclass , and Junit was trying to find one due to annotation @RunWith(SpringRunner.class) ,it didn’t find one and threw exception

No runnable methods exception in running JUnits

I made my parent class as abstract and it worked like a charm .

I took help from here https://stackoverflow.com/a/10699141/8029525 .
Thanks for help @froh42.

Answer:

the solution is simple
if you importing

import org.junit.Test;

you have to run as junit 4

right click ->run as->Test config-> test runner-> as junit 4

Answer:

Pointed out by some of the others already, importing the wrong test library may be a reason for this error.

For example, I made this mistake

import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;    
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
public class MyTest {
    ....
    @Test
    ....
}

Just change import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test to import org.junit.Test

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *