java – log4j with timestamp per log entry-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

this is my log output

INFO main digestemails - process inbox
INFO main digestemails - checking for emails in c:\development\DCMail\email\KN-Source
INFO main digestemails - digesting 003d01c95a7b_3446880_0202fea9@xxxx.com.eml
INFO main digestemails - extracting attachments
INFO main digestemails - no attachments or no attachments supported
INFO main digestemails - updating database
INFO main digestemails - email -> COMPLETED folder
INFO main digestemails -  

I would like a time stamp per log message ie

INFO 2008-12-25 13:14:00 digestemails - email -> COMPLETED folder

here is my log4j config file

log4j.rootLogger=debug, stdout, R

log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout

# Pattern to output the caller's file name and line number.
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%5p [%t] (%F:%L) - %m%n

log4j.appender.R=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.R.File=c:\\development\\DCMail\\logs\\digestlogfolder\\digest-logfile.log

log4j.appender.R.MaxFileSize=100KB
# Keep one backup file
log4j.appender.R.MaxBackupIndex=1

log4j.appender.R.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.R.layout.ConversionPattern=%p %t %c - %m%n 

How do I do it?

How to solve:

Use %d in your PatternLayout.

Also %d can take a format pattern as in %d{dd MMM yyyy HH:mm:ss,SSS} you can pick and choose the elements that you want. When the format pattern is omitted the date will be in ISO8601 format.

Answer:

A extract from my properties file

log4j.rootLogger=INFO, stdout, logfile

log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d %p (%t) [%c] - %m%n

log4j.appender.logfile=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.logfile.File=C:/log/client.log
log4j.appender.logfile.MaxFileSize=5MB
log4j.appender.logfile.MaxBackupIndex=0
log4j.appender.logfile.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.logfile.layout.ConversionPattern=%d %p [%c] - %m%n

Answer:

You can find more conversion characters usage in log4j javadoc.For example, at http://logging.apache.org/log4j/1.2/apidocs/org/apache/log4j/PatternLayout.html.

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