java – Maven cannot resolve dependency for module in same multi-module project-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

When running commands such as

mvn dependency:build-classpath

or

mvn exec:java

Maven is unable to resolve a dependency of one of my modules on another.

[ERROR] Failed to execute goal on project parser-app: Could not resolve dependencies for project project_group:A:jar:0.1-SNAPSHOT: Could not find artifact project_group:B:jar:0.1-SNAPSHOT

The project structure is as follows:

/pom.xml
/A/pom.xml
/B/pom.xml

The parent pom is as follows:

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>project_group</groupId>
  <artifactId>parent</artifactId>
  <packaging>pom</packaging>
  <version>0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <name>parent</name>

  <modules>
    <module>A</module>
    <module>B</module>
  </modules>

The first child module (the one failing to resolve the dependency):

    <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>parent_group</groupId>
    <artifactId>parent</artifactId>
    <version>0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  </parent>
  <artifactId>A</artifactId>
  <packaging>jar</packaging>
  <name>A</name>

  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>parent_group</groupId>
      <artifactId>B</artifactId>
      <version>0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    </dependency>

The second child module (the dependency):

  <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <parent>
    <groupId>parent_group</groupId>
    <artifactId>parent</artifactId>
    <version>0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
  </parent>
  <artifactId>B</artifactId>
  <packaging>jar</packaging>
  <name>B</name>
How to solve:

Have you run mvn clean install at least once on the project to install the dependencies within your local repository?

Answer:

The Maven reactor is weird that way, it keeps modules around only for certain tasks. When running a build target that only does something for one subproject, then even if Maven builds dependencies first, it does not keep them around in the reactor (sometimes).

Installing to the local repository is a workaround, but it is horrible and should be avoided when possible, because you can easily end up with outdated build results.

A slightly less ugly workaround is to combine two build targets, where the second build target does something harmless, but triggers addition to reactor in all subprojects.

As an example you can combine the task you want with the ‘compile’ or ‘package’ tasks.

Also see highest voted answer at
Maven doesn't recognize sibling modules when running mvn dependency:tree

Answer:

This error might also be caused by Maven being in offline mode.

Sometimes I seem to accidentally enable offline mode in IntelliJ IDEA. To disable it, toggle the Toggle Offline Mode toggle in the Maven Toolbar

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or uncheck the Work Offline checkbox in the settings under Build, Execution, Deployment > Build Tools > Maven.

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