java – Time since first boot up-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’m developing an android application and hit the problem with determining system first boot up time. I mean i need to measure how much time already passed from device first boot up.

I know about solution with listening for ACTION_BOOT_COMPLETED and save anything in SharedPreferences, but i need another solution, because this one does not work for some cases. Maybe there is any system property?

Use case (excerpt from discussion)

  1. The filename of each file I receive from server includes a timestamp
    taken from System.currentMillis()
  2. I compare those timestamps in order to determine, which file the most current one is.
  3. Now, the user changes system time a few months ahead.
  4. I am still able to determine the most current file downloaded after user changed system time.
  5. Now, the user changes time back to original setting.
  6. The file downloaded on step 4 always wins when comparing timestamps.

The silver bullet to solve this problem would be a timestamp that counts seconds since first boot (after factory reset). Just like SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() but without reset after each boot. Unfortunately, the answers so far tell us, that this silver bullet doesn’t exist.

However, many answers show a great variety of options how to tackle that problem. OneWorld123 commented each answer, how that suited his needs.

How to solve:

Maybe there is any system property?

Not sure about system property, but there is SystemClock class which provides API’s to get system uptime:

SystemClock.uptimeMillis() which

Returns milliseconds since boot, not counting time spent in deep sleep.

You may also use SystemClock.elapsedRealtime() which

Returns milliseconds since boot, including time spent in sleep.

Hope this helps.

###

In case one needs to know when was the first time an Android device was booted,

The easiest method would be to have an application

  • that is installed in the factory image
  • that is configured to run during boot
  • that logs the current date & time into a sharedPreference on its first run

Subsequently any other apps that need to determine the first boot time of the Android device can lookup the appropriate sharedPreference during the lifetime of the device. (or until the device is factory-reset; at which point the pre-installed app would write the new date&time into the shared preference after a reboot.)


However if it is not possible to an pre-install an application on the Android device, then a couple of potential workarounds would be:

1. As a root/superuser

one would lookup the time-stamp of a directory/file that is known to get created on the Android device during first-boot.

2. As a regular app,

a simple workaround method using standard Android APIs would be to check for the installation-time of an appropriate system package that is known to get installed during first-boot.

/* This returns the last time a package was installed */
PackageManager pm = context.getPackageManager();
PackageInfo pInfo = pm.getPackageInfo(<app-package-name>, 0);
return pInfo.firstInstallTime;

3. Alternately as a regular app,

if we can rely on a specific package being updated one-time during first-boot (and never again) we can check its update-time as follows:

/* This returns the last time a package was updated */
PackageManager pm = context.getPackageManager();
ApplicationInfo appInfo = pm.getApplicationInfo(<app-package-name>, 0);
String appFile = appInfo.sourceDir;
long installed = new File(appFile).lastModified();

###

If we stick to the SDK, I don’t know of a method providing this information directly; but there might be a way to derive this information from other resources. Again, if we stick to SDK, one “rather reliable” option is to use application usage statistics which Android OS saves during device lifetime. That is – the timestamp for a first “usage stats” ever saved.

This, though, clearly does not provide an exact “first boot time” timestamp, so it depends on whether some approximation is OK in your case. Generally, the problem with usage statistics is that Andriod aggregates it for periods distant in time – so, the older device is – the less accurate the date is. For example, for my current phone, first booted on Dec. 3 2014, aggregated usage statistics is first recorded on Dec. 21 2014 currently (for the record – it is Feb. 2016 by the time of this writing). (I have to admit though that I don’t know how Android OS schedules the aggregation, and if it is just scheduled on Dec. 21 every year, or if it is indeed somewhat close to the first device usage – I guess it is easy to check with any other device.)

Following is some sample code showing UsageStatsManager usage, but it certainly would need more adjustments in order to address the fact of having more precision for more recent periods:

UsageStatsManager usageStatsManager = (UsageStatsManager) context.getSystemService(Context.USAGE_STATS_SERVICE);
Calendar year2013 = Calendar.getInstance(); year2013.set(2013, 0, 1);
List<UsageStats> stats = usageStatsManager.queryUsageStats(
    UsageStatsManager.INTERVAL_YEARLY, // or adjust for "younger" devices to get more precision - so, you'll probably need several queries
    year2013.getTimeMillis(),
    Calendar.getInstance().getTimeInMillis());
// now, first element in stats (if it is present at all) will point to the "earliest" statistics saved *for this interval* (yearly in this case)
// use UsageStats.getFirstTimeStamp() to get first known/saved usage

Note also that, as documented in the SDK, UsageStatsManager requires PACKAGE_USAGE_STATS system-level permission, so you’ll need to make user accept it in Settings first:

Intent settingsIntent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_USAGE_ACCESS_SETTINGS);
startActivity(settingsIntent);

Hope it helps!

###

According to your discussion on: http://chat.stackoverflow.com/rooms/102325/discussion-between-ankitagrawal-and-oneworld , you need a monotonic counter to uniquely identify a dataset.

For that you can easily set a SharedPreference and increment this value every time you need a new identifier. When you require to know which is the newest file, just compare the identifiers. If it is an issue that this counter gets reset once the app is uninstalled, please refer to: In android is there any way to preserve SharedPreferences after an uninstall

A different approach that could be used, is to request a timestamp from an outside server.

Hope it helps 😉

###

There are 3 methods in ANDROID SDK for these:-

public static long  elapsedRealtime ()

Added in API level 1

Returns milliseconds since boot, including time spent in sleep.
Returns

elapsed milliseconds since boot.

public static long elapsedRealtimeNanos ()

Added in API level 17

Returns nanoseconds since boot, including time spent in sleep. Returns

elapsed nanoseconds since boot.

For @oneWorld Case:

You can use 2 approach:-

1) While writing check if some data has date above the current date then change the date of previous data to something less than current data and time,
so it will return correct latest data.

2) You can store the time on server and retrieve time from there and set it.

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