java – Why in ViewHolder pattern should the ViewHolder class be static?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am just trying to have a better understanding of the following pattern I regularly use to optimize ListView

My readings only pointed me to the fact that a static inner class is treated as top level class. What is the benefit of such a thing compared to a member class (non static)?

public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
    Comment comment = getItem(position);
    ViewHolder holder;
    if (convertView == null){
        holder = new ViewHolder();
        convertView = LayoutInflater.from(context).inflate(R.layout.mylayout, null);
        holder.nickname = (TextView) ((ViewGroup) convertView).findViewById(;
        holder = (ViewHolder) convertView.getTag();

    return convertView;

public static class ViewHolder{
    TextView nickname;
How to solve:

One benefit of using static inner class, is that the inner class can be accessed from static methods, without having an instance of the outer class.

If the inner class non-static:

class MyOuter {
    private int x = 7;
    public void makeInner() {
        MyInner in = new MyInner();
    class MyInner {
        public void seeOuter() {
            System.out.println("Outer x is " + x);

public static void main(String[] args) {
    MyOuter mo = new MyOuter();
    MyOuter.MyInner inner = MyInner();

If the inner class is static:

class BigOuter {
    static class Nest {void go() { System.out.println("hi"); } }

class Broom {
    static class B2 {void goB2() { System.out.println("hi 2"); } }
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        BigOuter.Nest n = new BigOuter.Nest();
        B2 b2 = new B2();


My opinion is that it is better to have the ViewHolder class static as it won’t leak the Adapter.

If the adapter retains some heavy Collections or even Views (depends on each particular case), it would be great to keep control of which objects retain the Adapter.

Having a lot of objects instances of an inner class will have those objects referencing the Adapter, thus retaining it. You should be careful about how the tags are managed (if the views are cleaned/removed automatically there is no problem>).

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *