javascript – Blob from DataURL?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

Using FileReader‘s readAsDataURL() I can transform arbitrary data into a Data URL. Is there way to convert a Data URL back into a Blob instance using builtin browser apis?

How to solve:

User Matt has proposed the following code a year ago ( How to convert dataURL to file object in javascript? ) which might help you

EDIT: As some commenters reported, BlobBuilder has been deprecated some time ago. This is the updated code:

function dataURItoBlob(dataURI) {
  // convert base64 to raw binary data held in a string
  // doesn't handle URLEncoded DataURIs - see SO answer #6850276 for code that does this
  var byteString = atob(dataURI.split(',')[1]);

  // separate out the mime component
  var mimeString = dataURI.split(',')[0].split(':')[1].split(';')[0]

  // write the bytes of the string to an ArrayBuffer
  var ab = new ArrayBuffer(byteString.length);

  // create a view into the buffer
  var ia = new Uint8Array(ab);

  // set the bytes of the buffer to the correct values
  for (var i = 0; i < byteString.length; i++) {
      ia[i] = byteString.charCodeAt(i);
  }

  // write the ArrayBuffer to a blob, and you're done
  var blob = new Blob([ab], {type: mimeString});
  return blob;

}

###

Like @Adria method but with Fetch api and just smaller [caniuse?]
Don’t have to think about mimetype since blob response type just works out of the box

Warning: Can violate the Content Security Policy (CSP)
…if you use that stuff

var url = "data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAUAAAAFCAYAAACNbyblAAAAHElEQVQI12P4//8/w38GIAXDIBKE0DHxgljNBAAO9TXL0Y4OHwAAAABJRU5ErkJggg=="

fetch(url)
.then(res => res.blob())
.then(blob => console.log(blob))

Don’t think you could do it any smaller then this without using lib’s

###

dataURItoBlob : function(dataURI, dataTYPE) {
        var binary = atob(dataURI.split(',')[1]), array = [];
        for(var i = 0; i < binary.length; i++) array.push(binary.charCodeAt(i));
        return new Blob([new Uint8Array(array)], {type: dataTYPE});
    }

input dataURI is Data URL and dataTYPE is the file type and then output blob object

###

XHR based method.

function dataURLtoBlob( dataUrl, callback )
{
    var req = new XMLHttpRequest;

    req.open( 'GET', dataUrl );
    req.responseType = 'arraybuffer'; // Can't use blob directly because of https://crbug.com/412752

    req.onload = function fileLoaded(e)
    {
        // If you require the blob to have correct mime type
        var mime = this.getResponseHeader('content-type');

        callback( new Blob([this.response], {type:mime}) );
    };

    req.send();
}

dataURLtoBlob( 'data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAUAAAAFCAYAAACNbyblAAAAHElEQVQI12P4//8/w38GIAXDIBKE0DHxgljNBAAO9TXL0Y4OHwAAAABJRU5ErkJggg==', function( blob )
{
    console.log( blob );
});

###

try:

function dataURItoBlob(dataURI) {
    if(typeof dataURI !== 'string'){
        throw new Error('Invalid argument: dataURI must be a string');
    }
    dataURI = dataURI.split(',');
    var type = dataURI[0].split(':')[1].split(';')[0],
        byteString = atob(dataURI[1]),
        byteStringLength = byteString.length,
        arrayBuffer = new ArrayBuffer(byteStringLength),
        intArray = new Uint8Array(arrayBuffer);
    for (var i = 0; i < byteStringLength; i++) {
        intArray[i] = byteString.charCodeAt(i);
    }
    return new Blob([intArray], {
        type: type
    });
}

###

Create a blob using XHR API:

function dataURLtoBlob( dataUrl, callback )
{
    var req = new XMLHttpRequest;

    req.open( 'GET', dataUrl );
    req.responseType = 'blob';

    req.onload = function fileLoaded(e)
    {
        callback(this.response);
    };

    req.send();
}

var dataURI = 'data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAAUAAAAFCAYAAACNbyblAAAAHElEQVQI12P4//8/w38GIAXDIBKE0DHxgljNBAAO9TXL0Y4OHwAAAABJRU5ErkJggg=='

dataURLtoBlob(dataURI , function( blob )
{
    console.log( blob );
});

###

Use my code convert dataURI to blob.
It’s simpler and cleaner than others.

function dataURItoBlob(dataURI) {
    var arr = dataURI.split(','), mime = arr[0].match(/:(.*?);/)[1];
    return new Blob([atob(arr[1])], {type:mime});
}

###

Since none of these answers support base64 and non-base64 dataURLs, here’s one that does based on vuamitom’s deleted answer:

// from https://stackoverflow.com/questions/37135417/download-canvas-as-png-in-fabric-js-giving-network-error/
var dataURLtoBlob = exports.dataURLtoBlob = function(dataurl) {
    var parts = dataurl.split(','), mime = parts[0].match(/:(.*?);/)[1]
    if(parts[0].indexOf('base64') !== -1) {
        var bstr = atob(parts[1]), n = bstr.length, u8arr = new Uint8Array(n)
        while(n--){
            u8arr[n] = bstr.charCodeAt(n)
        }

        return new Blob([u8arr], {type:mime})
    } else {
        var raw = decodeURIComponent(parts[1])
        return new Blob([raw], {type: mime})
    }
}

Note: I’m not sure if there are other dataURL mime types that might have to be handled differently. But please let me know if you find out! Its possible that dataURLs can simply have any format they want, and in that case it’d be up to you to find the right code for your particular use case.

###

use

FileReader.readAsArrayBuffer(Blob|File)

rather than

FileReader.readAsDataURL(Blob|File)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *