javascript – Copy to clipboard in Node.js?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

Is there a way you can copy to clipboard in Node.js? Any modules or ideas what so ever? I’m using Node.js on a desktop application. Hopefully that clears up why I want it to be able to achieve this.

How to solve:

A clipboard is not inherent to an operating system. It’s a construct of whatever window system the operating system happens to be running. So if you wanted this to work on X for example, you would need bindings to Xlib and/or XCB. Xlib bindings for node actually exist: https://github.com/mixu/nwm. Although I’m not sure whether it gives you access to the X clipboard, you might end up writing your own. You’ll need separate bindings for windows.

edit: If you want to do something hacky, you could also use xclip:

var exec = require('child_process').exec;

var getClipboard = function(func) {
  exec('/usr/bin/xclip -o -selection clipboard', function(err, stdout, stderr) {
    if (err || stderr) return func(err || new Error(stderr));
    func(null, stdout);
  });
};

getClipboard(function(err, text) {
  if (err) throw err;
  console.log(text);
});

###

For OS X:

function pbcopy(data) {
    var proc = require('child_process').spawn('pbcopy'); 
    proc.stdin.write(data); proc.stdin.end();
}

write() can take a buffer or a string. The default encoding for a string will be utf-8.

###

Check out clipboardy. It lets you copy/paste cross-platform. It is more actively maintained than the copy-paste module mentioned in another answer and it fixes many of that module’s issues.

const clipboardy = require('clipboardy');

// Copy
clipboardy.writeSync('🦄');

// Paste
clipboardy.readSync();
//🦄

###

Here’s a module that provide copy and paste functions: https://github.com/xavi-/node-copy-paste

When require("copy-paste").global() is executed, two global functions are added:

> copy("hello") // Asynchronously adds "hello" to clipbroad
> Copy complete
> paste() // Synchronously returns clipboard contents
'hello'

Like many of the other answer mentioned, to copy and paste in node you need to call out to an external program. In the case of node-copy-paste, it calls out to pbcopy/pbpaste (for OSX), xclip (for linux), and clip (for windows).

This module was very helpful when I was doing a lot of work in the REPL for a side project. Needless to say, copy-paste is only a command line utility — it is not meant for server work.

###

Shortest way in Windows:

const util = require("util");
require('child_process').spawn('clip').stdin.end(util.inspect("content_for_the_clipboard"));

###

I managed to do so by creating a different application which handles this. It’s certainly not the best way, but it works.

I’m on Windows and created a VB.NET application:

Module Module1

    Sub Main()
        Dim text = My.Application.CommandLineArgs(0)
        My.Computer.Clipboard.SetText(text)
        Console.Write(text) ' will appear on stdout
    End Sub
End Module

Then in Node.js, I used child_process.exec to run the VB.NET application, with the data to be copied passed as a command line argument:

require('child_process').exec(
    "CopyToClipboard.exe \"test foo bar\"",

    function(err, stdout, stderr) {
        console.log(stdout); // to confirm the application has been run
    }
);

###

Mac has a native command line pbcopy for this usecase:

require('child_process').exec(
    'echo "test foo bar" | pbcopy',

    function(err, stdout, stderr) {
        console.log(stdout); // to confirm the application has been run
    }
);

Same code for Linux but replace pbcopy with Xclip (apt get install xclip)

###

check this zeroclipboard

npm install zeroclipboard

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *