javascript – Get width/height of SVG element-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

What is the proper way to get the dimensions of an svg element?

http://jsfiddle.net/langdonx/Xkv3X/

Chrome 28:

style x
client 300x100
offset 300x100

IE 10:

stylex 
client300x100 
offsetundefinedxundefined 

FireFox 23:

"style" "x"
"client" "0x0"
"offset" "undefinedxundefined"

There are width and height properties on svg1, but .width.baseVal.value is only set if I set the width and height attributes on the element.


The fiddle looks like this:

HTML

<svg id="svg1" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" version="1.1">
    <circle cx="50" cy="50" r="40" stroke="black" stroke-width="1" fill="red" />
    <circle cx="150" cy="50" r="40" stroke="black" stroke-width="1" fill="green" />
    <circle cx="250" cy="50" r="40" stroke="black" stroke-width="1" fill="blue" />
</svg>

JS

var svg1 = document.getElementById('svg1');

console.log(svg1);
console.log('style', svg1.style.width + 'x' + svg1.style.height);
console.log('client', svg1.clientWidth + 'x' + svg1.clientHeight);
console.log('offset', svg1.offsetWidth + 'x' + svg1.offsetHeight);

CSS

#svg1 {
    width: 300px;
    height: 100px;
}
How to solve:

Use getBBox function

http://jsfiddle.net/Xkv3X/1/

var bBox = svg1.getBBox();
console.log('XxY', bBox.x + 'x' + bBox.y);
console.log('size', bBox.width + 'x' + bBox.height);

###

FireFox have problemes for getBBox(), i need to do this in vanillaJS.

I’ve a better Way and is the same result as real svg.getBBox() function !

With this good post : Get the real size of a SVG/G element

var el   = document.getElementById("yourElement"); // or other selector like querySelector()
var rect = el.getBoundingClientRect(); // get the bounding rectangle

console.log( rect.width );
console.log( rect.height);

###

SVG has properties width and height. They return an object SVGAnimatedLength with two properties: animVal and baseVal. This interface is used for animation, where baseVal is the value before animation. From what I can see, this method returns consistent values in both Chrome and Firefox, so I think it can also be used to get calculated size of SVG.

###

I’m using Firefox, and my working solution is very close to obysky. The only difference is that the method you call in an svg element will return multiple rects and you need to select the first one.

var chart = document.getElementsByClassName("chart")[0];
var width = chart.getClientRects()[0].width;
var height = chart.getClientRects()[0].height;

###

This is the consistent cross-browser way I found:

var heightComponents = ['height', 'paddingTop', 'paddingBottom', 'borderTopWidth', 'borderBottomWidth'],
    widthComponents = ['width', 'paddingLeft', 'paddingRight', 'borderLeftWidth', 'borderRightWidth'];

var svgCalculateSize = function (el) {

    var gCS = window.getComputedStyle(el), // using gCS because IE8- has no support for svg anyway
        bounds = {
            width: 0,
            height: 0
        };

    heightComponents.forEach(function (css) { 
        bounds.height += parseFloat(gCS[css]);
    });
    widthComponents.forEach(function (css) {
        bounds.width += parseFloat(gCS[css]);
    });
    return bounds;
};

###

From Firefox 33 onwards you can call getBoundingClientRect() and it will work normally, i.e. in the question above it will return 300 x 100.

Firefox 33 will be released on 14th October 2014 but the fix is already in Firefox nightlies if you want to try it out.

###

A save method to determine the width and height unit of any element (no padding, no margin) is the following:

let div   = document.querySelector("div");
let style = getComputedStyle(div);

let width  = parseFloat(style.width.replace("px", ""));
let height = parseFloat(style.height.replace("px", ""));

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