javascript – horizontal scrollbar on top and bottom of table-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’ve a very large table on my page. So I decided to put a horizontal scrollbar on the bottom of the table. But I would like this scrollbar to be also on top on the table.

What I have in the template is this:

<div style="overflow:auto; width:100%; height:130%">
<table id="data" style="width:100%">...</table>
</div>

Is this possible to do in HTML and CSS only?

How to solve:

To simulate a second horizontal scrollbar on top of an element, put a “dummy” div above the element that has horizontal scrolling, just high enough for a scrollbar. Then attach handlers of the “scroll” event for the dummy element and the real element, to get the other element in synch when either scrollbar is moved. The dummy element will look like a second horizontal scrollbar above the real element.

For a live example, see this fiddle

Here’s the code:

HTML:

<div class="wrapper1">
  <div class="div1"></div>
</div>
<div class="wrapper2">
  <div class="div2">
    <!-- Content Here -->
  </div>
</div>

CSS:

.wrapper1, .wrapper2 {
  width: 300px;
  overflow-x: scroll;
  overflow-y:hidden;
}

.wrapper1 {height: 20px; }
.wrapper2 {height: 200px; }

.div1 {
  width:1000px;
  height: 20px;
}

.div2 {
  width:1000px;
  height: 200px;
  background-color: #88FF88;
  overflow: auto;
}

JS:

$(function(){
  $(".wrapper1").scroll(function(){
    $(".wrapper2").scrollLeft($(".wrapper1").scrollLeft());
  });
  $(".wrapper2").scroll(function(){
    $(".wrapper1").scrollLeft($(".wrapper2").scrollLeft());
  });
});

###

Try using the jquery.doubleScroll plugin :

jQuery :

$(document).ready(function(){
  $('#double-scroll').doubleScroll();
});

CSS :

#double-scroll{
  width: 400px;
}

HTML :

<div id="double-scroll">
  <table id="very-wide-element">
    <tbody>
      <tr>
        <td></td>
      </tr>
    </tbody>
  </table>
</div>

###

First of all, great answer, @StanleyH. If someone is wondering how to make the double scroll container with dynamic width :

css

.wrapper1, .wrapper2 { width: 100%; overflow-x: scroll; overflow-y: hidden; }
.wrapper1 { height: 20px; }
.div1 { height: 20px; }
.div2 { overflow: none; }

js

$(function () {
    $('.wrapper1').on('scroll', function (e) {
        $('.wrapper2').scrollLeft($('.wrapper1').scrollLeft());
    }); 
    $('.wrapper2').on('scroll', function (e) {
        $('.wrapper1').scrollLeft($('.wrapper2').scrollLeft());
    });
});
$(window).on('load', function (e) {
    $('.div1').width($('table').width());
    $('.div2').width($('table').width());
});

html

<div class="wrapper1">
    <div class="div1"></div>
</div>
<div class="wrapper2">
    <div class="div2">
        <table>
            <tbody>
                <tr>
                    <td>table cell</td>
                    <td>table cell</td>
                    <!-- ... -->
                    <td>table cell</td>
                    <td>table cell</td>
                </tr>
            </tbody>
        </table>
    </div>
</div>

demo

http://jsfiddle.net/simo/67xSL/

###

Without JQuery (2017)

Because you might not need JQuery, here is a working Vanilla JS version based on @StanleyH answer:

var wrapper1 = document.getElementById('wrapper1');
var wrapper2 = document.getElementById('wrapper2');
wrapper1.onscroll = function() {
  wrapper2.scrollLeft = wrapper1.scrollLeft;
};
wrapper2.onscroll = function() {
  wrapper1.scrollLeft = wrapper2.scrollLeft;
};
#wrapper1, #wrapper2{width: 300px; border: none 0px RED;
overflow-x: scroll; overflow-y:hidden;}
#wrapper1{height: 20px; }
#wrapper2{height: 100px; }
#div1 {width:1000px; height: 20px; }
#div2 {width:1000px; height: 100px; background-color: #88FF88;
overflow: auto;}
<div id="wrapper1">
    <div id="div1">
    </div>
</div>
<div id="wrapper2">
    <div id="div2">
    aaaa bbbb cccc dddd aaaa bbbb cccc 
    dddd aaaa bbbb cccc dddd aaaa bbbb 
    cccc dddd aaaa bbbb cccc dddd aaaa 
    bbbb cccc dddd aaaa bbbb cccc dddd
    </div>
</div>

###

You can use a jQuery plugin that will do the job for you :

The plugin will handle all the logic for you.

###

StanleyH’s answer was excellent, but it had one unfortunate bug: clicking the shaded area of the scrollbar no longer jumps to the selection you click. Instead, what you get is a very small and somewhat annoying increment in the position of the scrollbar.

Tested: 4 versions of Firefox (100% affected), 4 versions of Chrome (50% affected).

Here’s my jsfiddle. You can get around this with by having an on/off (true/false) var that allows only one onScroll() event to trigger at a time:

var scrolling = false;
$(".wrapper1").scroll(function(){
    if(scrolling) {
      scrolling = false;
      return true;
    }
    scrolling = true;
    $(".wrapper2")
        .scrollLeft($(".wrapper1").scrollLeft());
});
$(".wrapper2").scroll(function(){
    if(scrolling) {
      scrolling = false;
      return true;
    }
      scrolling = true;
    $(".wrapper1")
        .scrollLeft($(".wrapper2").scrollLeft());
});

Problem Behavior With Accepted Answer :

Actually Desired Behavior :

So, just why does this happen? If you run through the code, you’ll see that wrapper1 calls wrapper2’s scrollLeft, and wrapper2 calls wrapper1’s scrollLeft, and repeat this infinitely, so, we have an infinite loop problem. Or, rather: the continued scrolling of the user conflicts with wrapperx’s call of the scrolling, an event conflict occurs, and the end result is no jumping in the scrollbars.

Hope this helps someone else out!

###

Based on @StanleyH solution I created an AngularJS directive, demo on jsFiddle.

Easy to use:

<div data-double-scroll-bar-horizontal> {{content}} or static content </div>

No jQuery required.

###

Linking the scrollers worked, but in the way it’s written it creates a loop which makes scrolling slow in most browsers if you click on the part of the lighter scrollbar and hold it (not when dragging the scroller).

I fixed it with a flag:

$(function() {
    x = 1;
    $(".wrapper1").scroll(function() {
        if (x == 1) {
            x = 0;
            $(".wrapper2")
                .scrollLeft($(".wrapper1").scrollLeft());
        } else {
            x = 1;
        }
    });


    $(".wrapper2").scroll(function() {
        if (x == 1) {
            x = 0;
            $(".wrapper1")
                .scrollLeft($(".wrapper2").scrollLeft());
        } else {
            x = 1;
        }
    });
});

###

As far as I’m aware this isn’t possible with HTML and CSS.

###

In vanilla Javascript/Angular you can do this like this:

scroll() {
    let scroller = document.querySelector('.above-scroller');
    let table = document.querySelector('.table');
    table.scrollTo(scroller.scrollLeft,0);
  }

HTML:

<div class="above-scroller" (scroll)="scroll()">
  <div class="scroller"></div>
</div>
<div class="table" >
  <table></table>
</div>

CSS:

.above-scroller  {
   overflow-x: scroll;
   overflow-y:hidden;
   height: 20px;
   width: 1200px
 }

.scroller {
  width:4500px;
  height: 20px;
}

.table {
  width:100%;
  height: 100%;
  overflow: auto;
}

###

Expanding on StanleyH’s answer, and trying to find the minimum required, here is what I implemented:

JavaScript (called once from somewhere like $(document).ready()):

function doubleScroll(){
        $(".topScrollVisible").scroll(function(){
            $(".tableWrapper")
                .scrollLeft($(".topScrollVisible").scrollLeft());
        });
        $(".tableWrapper").scroll(function(){
            $(".topScrollVisible")
                .scrollLeft($(".tableWrapper").scrollLeft());
        });
}

HTML (note that the widths will change the scroll bar length):

<div class="topScrollVisible" style="overflow-x:scroll">
    <div class="topScrollTableLength" style="width:1520px; height:20px">
    </div>
</div>
<div class="tableWrapper" style="overflow:auto; height:100%;">
    <table id="myTable" style="width:1470px" class="myTableClass">
...
    </table>

That’s it.

###

a javascript only solution that’s based on @HoldOffHunger and @bobince answers

<div id="doublescroll">

.

function DoubleScroll(element) {
            var scrollbar= document.createElement('div');
            scrollbar.appendChild(document.createElement('div'));
            scrollbar.style.overflow= 'auto';
            scrollbar.style.overflowY= 'hidden';
            scrollbar.firstChild.style.width= element.scrollWidth+'px';
            scrollbar.firstChild.style.paddingTop= '1px';
            scrollbar.firstChild.appendChild(document.createTextNode('\xA0'));
            var running = false;
            scrollbar.onscroll= function() {
                if(running) {
                    running = false;
                    return;
                }
                running = true;
                element.scrollLeft= scrollbar.scrollLeft;
            };
            element.onscroll= function() {
                if(running) {
                    running = false;
                    return;
                }
                running = true;
                scrollbar.scrollLeft= element.scrollLeft;
            };
            element.parentNode.insertBefore(scrollbar, element);
        }

    DoubleScroll(document.getElementById('doublescroll'));

###

If you are using iscroll.js on webkit browser or mobile browser, you could try:

$('#pageWrapper>div:last-child').css('top', "0px");

###

to all angular/nativeJs fans, implementing @simo’s answer

HTML (no change)

<div class="top-scroll-wrapper">
    <div class="top-scroll"></div>
</div>

CSS (no change, width: 90% is my desing)

.top-scroll-wrapper { width: 90%;height: 20px;margin: auto;padding: 0 16px;overflow-x: auto;overflow-y: hidden;}
.top-scroll { height: 20px; }

JS (like onload) or ngAfterViewChecked (all the as are for TypeScript)

let $topscroll = document.querySelector(".top-scroll") as HTMLElement
let $topscrollWrapper = document.querySelector(".top-scroll-wrapper") as HTMLElement
let $table = document.querySelectorAll('mat-card')[3] as HTMLElement

$topscroll.style.width = totalWidth + 'px'
$topscrollWrapper.onscroll = e => $table.scroll((e.target as HTMLElement).scrollLeft, 0)
$table.onscroll = e => $topscrollWrapper.scroll((e.target as HTMLElement).scrollLeft, 0)

###

There is an issue with scroll direction: rtl. It seems the plugin doesn’t support it correctly. Here is the fiddle: fiddle

Note that it works correctly in Chrome, but in all other popular browsers the top scroll bar direction remains left.

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