javascript – How to pass parameters to a Script tag?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I read the tutorial DIY widgets – How to embed your site on another site for XSS Widgets by Dr. Nic.

I’m looking for a way to pass parameters to the script tag. For example, to make the following work:

<script src="http://path/to/widget.js?param_a=1&amp;param_b=3"></script>

Is there a way to do this?


Two interesting links:

How to solve:

I apologise for replying to a super old question but after spending an hour wrestling with the above solutions I opted for simpler stuff.

<script src=".." one="1" two="2"></script>

Inside above script:

document.currentScript.getAttribute('one'); //1
document.currentScript.getAttribute('two'); //2

Much easier than jquery OR url parsing.

You might need the polyfil for doucment.currentScript from @Yared Rodriguez’s answer for IE:

document.currentScript = document.currentScript || (function() {
  var scripts = document.getElementsByTagName('script');
  return scripts[scripts.length - 1];
})();

###

It’s better to Use feature in html5 5 data Attributes

<script src="http://path.to/widget.js" data-width="200" data-height="200">
</script>

Inside the script file http://path.to/widget.js you can get the paremeters in that way:

<script>
function getSyncScriptParams() {
         var scripts = document.getElementsByTagName('script');
         var lastScript = scripts[scripts.length-1];
         var scriptName = lastScript;
         return {
             width : scriptName.getAttribute('data-width'),
             height : scriptName.getAttribute('data-height')
         };
 }
</script>

###

Got it. Kind of a hack, but it works pretty nice:

var params = document.body.getElementsByTagName('script');
query = params[0].classList;
var param_a = query[0];
var param_b = query[1];
var param_c = query[2];

I pass the params in the script tag as classes:

<script src="http://path.to/widget.js" class="2 5 4"></script>

This article helped a lot.

###

Another way is to use meta tags. Whatever data is supposed to be passed to your JavaScript can be assigned like this:

<meta name="yourdata" content="whatever" />
<meta name="moredata" content="more of this" />

The data can then be pulled from the meta tags like this (best done in a DOMContentLoaded event handler):

var data1 = document.getElementsByName('yourdata')[0].content;
var data2 = document.getElementsByName('moredata')[0].content;

Absolutely no hassle with jQuery or the likes, no hacks and workarounds necessary, and works with any HTML version that supports meta tags…

###

JQuery has a way to pass parameters from HTML to javascript:

Put this in the myhtml.html file:

<!-- Import javascript -->
<script src="//code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.2.min.js"></script>
<!-- Invoke a different javascript file called subscript.js -->
<script id="myscript" src="subscript.js" video_filename="foobar.mp4">/script>

In the same directory make a subscript.js file and put this in there:

//Use jquery to look up the tag with the id of 'myscript' above.  Get 
//the attribute called video_filename, stuff it into variable filename.
var filename = $('#myscript').attr("video_filename");

//print filename out to screen.
document.write(filename);

Analyze Result:

Loading the myhtml.html page has ‘foobar.mp4’ print to screen. The variable called video_filename was passed from html to javascript. Javascript printed it to screen, and it appeared as embedded into the html in the parent.

jsfiddle proof that the above works:

http://jsfiddle.net/xqr77dLt/

###

If you are using jquery you might want to consider their data method.

I have used something similar to what you are trying in your response but like this:

<script src="http://path.to/widget.js" param_a = "2" param_b = "5" param_c = "4">
</script>

You could also create a function that lets you grab the GET params directly (this is what I frequently use):

function $_GET(q,s) {
    s = s || window.location.search;
    var re = new RegExp('&'+q+'=([^&]*)','i');
    return (s=s.replace(/^\?/,'&').match(re)) ? s=s[1] : s='';
}

// Grab the GET param
var param_a = $_GET('param_a');

###

Thanks to the jQuery, a simple HTML5 compliant solution is to create an extra HTML tag, like div, to store the data.

HTML:

<div id='dataDiv' data-arg1='content1' data-arg2='content2'>
  <button id='clickButton'>Click me</button>
</div>

JavaScript:

$(document).ready(function() {
    var fetchData = $("#dataDiv").data('arg1') + 
                    $("#dataDiv").data('arg2') ;

    $('#clickButton').click(function() {
      console.log(fetchData);
    })
});

Live demo with the code above: http://codepen.io/anon/pen/KzzNmQ?editors=1011#0

On the live demo, one can see the data from HTML5 data-* attributes to be concatenated and printed to the log.

Source: https://api.jquery.com/data/

###

it is a very old thread, I know but this might help too if somebody gets here once they search for a solution.

Basically I used the document.currentScript to get the element from where my code is running and I filter using the name of the variable I am looking for. I did it extending currentScript with a method called “get”, so we will be able to fetch the value inside that script by using:

document.currentScript.get('get_variable_name');

In this way we can use standard URI to retrieve the variables without adding special attributes.

This is the final code

document.currentScript.get = function(variable) {
    if(variable=(new RegExp('[?&]'+encodeURIComponent(variable)+'=([^&]*)')).exec(this.src))
    return decodeURIComponent(variable[1]);
};

I was forgetting about IE 🙂 It could not be that easier… Well I did not mention that document.currentScript is a HTML5 property. It has not been included for different versions of IE (I tested until IE11, and it was not there yet). For IE compatibility, I added this portion to the code:

document.currentScript = document.currentScript || (function() {
  var scripts = document.getElementsByTagName('script');
  return scripts[scripts.length - 1];
})();

What we are doing here is to define some alternative code for IE, which returns the current script object, which is required in the solution to extract parameters from the src property. This is not the perfect solution for IE since there are some limitations; If the script is loaded asynchronously. Newer browsers should include “.currentScript” property.

I hope it helps.

###

Put the values you need someplace where the other script can retrieve them, like a hidden input, and then pull those values from their container when you initialize your new script. You could even put all your params as a JSON string into one hidden field.

###

Create an attribute that contains a list of the parameters, like so:

<script src="http://path/to/widget.js" data-params="1, 3"></script>

Then, in your JavaScript, get the parameters as an array:

var script = document.currentScript || 
/*Polyfill*/ Array.prototype.slice.call(document.getElementsByTagName('script')).pop();

var params = (script.getAttribute('data-params') || '').split(/, */);

params[0]; // -> 1
params[1]; // -> 3

###

I wanted solutions with as much support of old browsers as possible. Otherwise I’d say either the currentScript or the data attributes method would be most stylish.

This is the only of these methods not brought up here yet. Particularly, if for some reason you have great amounts of data, then the best option might be:

localStorage

/* On the original page, you add an inline JS Script: */
<script>
   localStorage.setItem('data-1', 'I got a lot of data.');
   localStorage.setItem('data-2', 'More of my data.');
   localStorage.setItem('data-3', 'Even more data.');
</script>

/* External target JS Script, where your data is needed: */
var data1 = localStorage.getItem('data-1');
var data2 = localStorage.getItem('data-2');
var data3 = localStorage.getItem('data-3');

localStorage has full modern browser support, and surprisingly good support of older browsers too, back to IE 8, Firefox 3,5 and Safari 4 [eleven years back] among others.

If you don’t have a lot of data, but still want extensive browser support, maybe the best option is:

Meta tags [by Robidu]

/* HTML: */
<meta name="yourData" content="Your data is here" />

/* JS: */
var data1 = document.getElementsByName('yourData')[0].content;

The flaw of this, is that the correct place to put meta tags [up until HTML 4] is in the head tag, and you might not want this data up there. To avoid that, or putting meta tags in body, you could use a:

Hidden paragraph

/* HTML: */
<p hidden id="yourData">Your data is here</p>

/* JS: */
var yourData = document.getElementById('yourData').innerHTML;

For even more browser support, you could use a CSS class instead of the hidden attribute:

/* CSS: */
.hidden {
   display: none;
}

/* HTML: */
<p class="hidden" id="yourData">Your data is here</p>

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