javascript – Property 'value' does not exist on type EventTarget in TypeScript-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

So the following code is in Angular 4 and I can’t figure out why it doesn’t work the way as expected.

Here is a snippet of my handler:

onUpdatingServerName(event: Event) {
  console.log(event);
  this.newserverName = event.target.value; //this wont work
}

HTML element:

<input type="text" class="form-control" (input)="onUpdatingServerName($event)">

The code gives me the error:

Property ‘value’ does not exist on type ‘EventTarget’.

But as it can be seen in the console.log that value does exist on the event.target.

How to solve:

event.target here is an HTMLElement which is the parent of all HTML elements, but isn’t guaranteed to have the property value. TypeScript detects this and throws the error. Cast event.target to the appropriate HTML element to ensure it is HTMLInputElement which does have a value property:

(<HTMLInputElement>event.target).value

Per the documentation:

Type the $event

The example above casts the $event as an any type. That simplifies the code at a cost. There is no type information that could reveal properties of the event object and prevent silly mistakes.

[…]

The $event is now a specific KeyboardEvent. Not all elements have a value property so it casts target to an input element.

(Emphasis mine)

###

Passing HTMLInputElement as a generic to the event type should work too:

onUpdatingServerName(event: React.ChangeEvent<HTMLInputElement>) {
  console.log(event);
  this.newserverName = event.target.value;
}

###

Here’s another fix that works for me:

(event.target as HTMLInputElement).value

That should get rid of the error by letting TS know that event.target is an HTMLInputElement, which inherently has a value. Before specifying, TS likely only knew that event alone was an HTMLInputElement, thus according to TS the keyed-in target was some randomly mapped value that could be anything.

###

I was looking for a solution to a similar TypeScript error with React:

Property ‘dataset’ does not exist on type EventTarget in TypeScript

I wanted to get to event.target.dataset of a clicked button element in React:

<button
  onClick={onClickHandler}
  data-index="4"
  data-name="Foo Bar"
>
  Delete Candidate
</button>

Here is how I was able to get the dataset value to “exist” via TypeScript:

const onClickHandler = (event: React.MouseEvent<HTMLButtonElement>) => {
  const { name, index } = (event.target as HTMLButtonElement).dataset
  console.log({ name, index })
  // do stuff with name and index…
}

###

You should use event.target.value prop with onChange handler if not you could see :

index.js:1437 Warning: Failed prop type: You provided a `value` prop to a form field without an `onChange` handler. This will render a read-only field. If the field should be mutable use `defaultValue`. Otherwise, set either `onChange` or `readOnly`.

Or If you want to use other handler than onChange, use event.currentTarget.value

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