javascript – Webpack not excluding node_modules-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’m using webpack for a Node framework that I’m building (though I should probably use gulp, admittedly). When I include the EJS module, webpack includes it in the compiled source, even though I explicitly tell it to exclude the node_modules dir.

module.exports = {
    context: __dirname,
    target: 'node',
    // ...
    output: {
        libraryTarget: 'commonjs'
        // ...
    module: {
        loaders: [
                test: /\.js$/,
                exclude: /node_modules/,
                loader: 'babel-loader?{ "stage": 0, "optional": ["runtime"] }'

As you can see, I have a test for JS files, and I tell it to exclude node_modules; why is it ignoring my exclude?

How to solve:

From your config file, it seems like you’re only excluding node_modules from being parsed with babel-loader, but not from being bundled.

In order to exclude node_modules and native node libraries from bundling, you need to:

  1. Add target: 'node' to your webpack.config.js. This will exclude native node modules (path, fs, etc.) from being bundled.
  2. Use webpack-node-externals in order to exclude other node_modules.

So your result config file should look like:

var nodeExternals = require('webpack-node-externals');
module.exports = {
    target: 'node', // in order to ignore built-in modules like path, fs, etc. 
    externals: [nodeExternals()], // in order to ignore all modules in node_modules folder 


If you ran into this issue when using TypeScript, you may need to add skipLibCheck: true in your tsconfig.json file.


Try use absolute path:

exclude:path.resolve(__dirname, "node_modules")


This worked for me:

exclude: [/bower_components/, /node_modules/]


A array of automatically applied loaders.

Each item can have these properties:

test: A condition that must be met

exclude: A condition that must not be met

include: A condition that must be met

loader: A string of “!” separated loaders

loaders: A array of loaders as string

A condition can be a RegExp, an absolute path start, or an array of one of these combined with “and”.


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