JNI folder in Android Studio-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am trying make helloy-jni app in Android Studio and I have exception

06-27 13:17:19.099  12714-12714/com.example.testjni2           E/AndroidRuntime: FATAL EXCEPTION: main
    at java.lang.Class.newInstanceImpl(Native Method)
    at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:1319)
    at android.app.Instrumentation.newActivity(Instrumentation.java:1071)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2166)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:2299)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.access$700(ActivityThread.java:154)
    at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1284)
    at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
    at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:137)
    at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:5306)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
    at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:511)
    at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:1102)
    at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:869)
    at dalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)
    Caused by: java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError: Couldn't load hello-jni from loader dalvik.system.PathClassLoader[dexPath=/data/app/com.example.testjni2-1.apk,libraryPath=/data/app-lib/com.example.testjni2-1]: findLibrary returned null
    at java.lang.Runtime.loadLibrary(Runtime.java:365)
    at java.lang.System.loadLibrary(System.java:535)
    at com.example.testjni2.MainActivity.<clinit>(MainActivity.java:9)
    ... 15 more

My structure project looks like this


I added my build.gradle line:

   compile files('libs/armeabi/libhello-jni.so')

But this don’t helped.
I read Gradle and Android Gradle plugin, but I don’t find information about working with jni folder

I am thinking what it file dependencies, but it isn’t working

My hello-jni.c file includ

jstring  Java_com_example_testjni2_MainActivity_stringFromJNI (JNIEnv *env, jobject thiz){
    return (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, "Hello from JNI !");

My MainActivity file include

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    static {
    public native String  stringFromJNI();
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        String text = stringFromJNI();
        Log.i("MainActivity", text);

    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
        return true;


My Android.mk file containts

LOCAL_PATH := $(call my-dir)
include $(CLEAR_VARS)

LOCAL_MODULE    := hello-jni
LOCAL_SRC_FILES := hello-jni.c


Tell me, please, where I could make a mistake.

Android Studio 0.1.7
OS – Windows 7 x64

How to solve:

The gradle build system does not support bundling native libraries at the moment. Check https://groups.google.com/d/msg/adt-dev/nQobKd2Gl_8/Z5yWAvCh4h4J for some custom tasks you’d need to add to your build.gradle.

Note that this is a temporary workaround until gradle supports building native projects.


Nowadays there is an easier method than the accepted answer.

All you have to do is create a folder called “jniLibs” under your /src/main directory (ie, /app/src/main/jniLibs) and place your .so files there. It will look like this:

            |   |
            |   your_lib_compiled_for_armeabi.so
            |   |
            |   your_lib_compiled_for_v7a.so
            |   |
            |   your_lib_compiled_for_x86.so

Your .so files should be picked up now.


There is other way to import so to the android project.

  1. create the lib dir and armeabi dir like this, and copy so to it.




  2. zip the dir lib.
  3. put the zip to the libs dir of project, and change .zip to .jar.
  4. add code to the dependencies part of build.gradle.

    compile fileTree(dir:’libs’, include:’lib.jar’)


You can add pre built *.so files in Android Studio using gradle 0.7.2+. First create the jniLibs at this location /app/src/main/ location and copy the all the folder with *.so files (armeabi, armeabi-v7a, mips, x86) in the jniLibs.

As Xavier said same here https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/adt-dev/nQobKd2Gl_8/ctDp9viWaxoJ


add this to your build.gradle:

sourceSets {
    main {
        jniLibs.srcDir 'jniLibs'


buildTypes {
    release {
        minifyEnabled false
        proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'


There is a new way to work with *.so files on gradle 0.7.3
Please check out this link How to change libs directory in Gradle?


For those who don’t want to manually create the jniLibs directory, here is the official doc of where put native libs .

The official doc is Android Plugin DSL Reference. See the version of your gradle android plugin version which can be found in Android Studio.

sourceSets stores the information for resources to compile the app.

jniLibs of sourceSets is for JNI libs.

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