networking – Force Android to Use Wifi network with no internet-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am building an android app that needs to communicate over a WiFi network that will not have any internet access. The problem is that even when the WiFi is connected android chooses to use cellular/mobile data when no connection internet is present on the wifi network.

I have read many posts on the issue many of which involve rooting the device but that is not possible with a production app (rooting devices is not an option). other solution (like my code bellow) suggest using bindProcessToNetwork() which works perfectly on my Sony Z2 but not on other devices I have tested on (all running 6.0.1)

private void bindToNetwork() {
    final ConnectivityManager connectivityManager = (ConnectivityManager) mActivity.getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);
    NetworkRequest.Builder builder;
    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) {
        builder = new NetworkRequest.Builder();
        //set the transport type do WIFI
        builder.addTransportType(NetworkCapabilities.TRANSPORT_WIFI);
        connectivityManager.requestNetwork(builder.build(), new ConnectivityManager.NetworkCallback() {
            @Override
            public void onAvailable(Network network) {
                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {


                    connectivityManager.bindProcessToNetwork(null);
                    if (barCodeData.getSsid().contains("ap-name")) {
                        connectivityManager.bindProcessToNetwork(network);
                    }

                } else {
                    //This method was deprecated in API level 23
                    ConnectivityManager.setProcessDefaultNetwork(null);
                    if (barCodeData.getSsid().contains("ap-name")) {

                        ConnectivityManager.setProcessDefaultNetwork(network);
                    }
                }

                connectivityManager.unregisterNetworkCallback(this);
            }
        });
    }
}
How to solve:

Could you try and set the global setting captive_portal_detection_enabled to 0 (false).

What’s actually happening is that by default, everytime you connect to a wifi, the FW will test against a server (typically google) to see if it’s a captive wifi (needs login). So if your wifi is not connected to google, this check will fail. After that, the device knows that wifi has no internet connection and simply will not autoconnect to it.

Setting this setting to 0, will avoid this check.

Programatically:
Settings.Global.putInt(getContentResolver(), Settings.Global.CAPTIVE_PORTAL_DETECTION_ENABLED, 0);

Edit: You may need to use the string “captive_portal_detection_enabled” directly, instead of the constant that’s not visible depending on Android version.

###

you’d need to disable mobile data in the Settings (not certain, if this can be done programmatically, which might be a possible option) – or take out the USIM;

else the common behavior is, that it will always fall back to the best available connection (while a connection with internet gateway might be preferred, because it is used by most application).

also see this answer.

###

You’re in the right path, the solution is indeed with ConnectivityManager.bindProcessToNetwork(network). This information was posted on the Android Developers Blog in this article: Connecting your App to a Wi-Fi Device.

Looking into your code this barCodeData.getSsid() doesn’t look that is getting the SSID of the currently connected wifi network. If that’s the case your code will never successfully bind to the network.

Try replace your if statement

if (barCodeData.getSsid().contains("ap-name"))

With

if (getNetworkSsid(context).equals("ap-name"))

Helper method in kotlin to retrieve the SSID of the connected wifi network

private fun getNetworkSsid(context: Context?): String {
    // WiFiManager must use application context (not activity context) otherwise a memory leak can occur
    val mWifiManager = context?.applicationContext?.getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE) as WifiManager
    val wifiInfo: WifiInfo? = mWifiManager.connectionInfo
    if (wifiInfo?.supplicantState == SupplicantState.COMPLETED) {
        return wifiInfo.ssid.removeSurrounding("\"")
    }
    return ""
}

If still doesn’t work please follow my complete solution where I used the same method but with some extra checks. I tested it in the Android versions 5.1.1, 6.0, 6.0.1, 7.1.1 and 8.1.0.

###

You can check if wifi is connected then proceed else show a dialog to user asking him to connect to a wifi network

Since the method NetworkInfo.isConnected() is now deprecated in API-23, here is a method which detects if the Wi-Fi adapter is on and also connected to an access point using WifiManager instead:

private boolean checkWifiOnAndConnected() {
    WifiManager wifiMgr = (WifiManager) getSystemService(Context.WIFI_SERVICE);

    if (wifiMgr.isWifiEnabled()) { // Wi-Fi adapter is ON

        WifiInfo wifiInfo = wifiMgr.getConnectionInfo();

        if( wifiInfo.getNetworkId() == -1 ){
            return false; // Not connected to an access point
        }
        return true; // Connected to an access point
    }
    else {
        return false; // Wi-Fi adapter is OFF
    }
}

###

Solution on Kotlin

class ConnectWithoutInternetTest constructor(
private val mContext: Context,
private val connectivityManager: ConnectivityManager,
private val wifiManager: WifiManager
) {

private val mWifiBroadcastReceiver = object : BroadcastReceiver() {
    override fun onReceive(context: Context, intent: Intent) {
        when (intent.action) {
            WifiManager.NETWORK_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION -> {
                val info = intent.getParcelableExtra<NetworkInfo>(WifiManager.EXTRA_NETWORK_INFO)
                val isConnected = info.isConnected

                val ssid: String? = normalizeAndroidWifiSsid(wifiManager.connectionInfo?.ssid)

                if (isConnected) {
                    val builder = NetworkRequest.Builder()
                    builder.addTransportType(NetworkCapabilities.TRANSPORT_WIFI)
                    connectivityManager.registerNetworkCallback(
                        builder.build(),
                        object : ConnectivityManager.NetworkCallback() {
                            override fun onAvailable(network: Network) {
                                super.onAvailable(network)
                                val networkInfo = connectivityManager.getNetworkInfo(network)
                                val networkSsid = networkInfo.extraInfo
                                if (networkSsid == ssid) {
                                    connectivityManager.unregisterNetworkCallback(this)
                                }
                            }
                        })
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

private fun init() {
    val intentFilter = IntentFilter()
    intentFilter.addAction(WifiManager.WIFI_STATE_CHANGED_ACTION)
    mContext.registerReceiver(mWifiBroadcastReceiver, intentFilter)
}

private fun destroy() {
    mContext.unregisterReceiver(mWifiBroadcastReceiver)
}

private fun normalizeAndroidWifiSsid(ssid: String?): String? {
    return ssid?.replace("\"", "") ?: ssid
}

fun connectToWifi(ssidParam: String, password: String?) {
    init()
    val ssid = "\"$ssidParam\""
    val config = wifiManager.configuredNetworks.find { it.SSID == ssid }
    val netId = if (config != null) {
        config.networkId
    } else {
        val wifiConfig = WifiConfiguration()
        wifiConfig.SSID = ssid
        password?.let { wifiConfig.preSharedKey = "\"$password\"" }
        wifiConfig.allowedKeyManagement.set(WifiConfiguration.KeyMgmt.NONE)
        wifiManager.addNetwork(wifiConfig)
    }

    wifiManager.disconnect()
    val successful = wifiManager.enableNetwork(netId, true)
}

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