PCM Raw Bytes [] To Audio on Android-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I currently have a PCM audio in the form of a byte array. The format is signed 16 bit little endian. I would like to convert this to some playable format on the Android, preferably version 3.2 or higher. Does anyone have suggestions on how this can be done? I have done some research and tried the following below, but none were successful. It would be much appreciated if anyone can suggest a better way or indicate where I have gone wrong.

I have tried creating an AudioFormat with the correct audio settings, however Android does not support the javax.sound.sampled library.

I have also tried writing the PCM data into a wave file, but I am running into trouble getting all of the necessary wav header information.

I have also tried using the AudioTrack class offered by the Android, to play the PCM data. However, I can’t seem to hear any sound. Here is my method:

    public void playback(){
              AudioTrack audioTrack = new  AudioTrack(AudioManager.STREAM_VOICE_CALL, 8000, AudioFormat.CHANNEL_CONFIGURATION_MONO, AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT, 500000, AudioTrack.MODE_STATIC);
              audioTrack.write(audio, 0, 500000);

      } catch(Throwable t){
        Log.d("Audio","Playback Failed");

Any suggestions would be appreciated.

How to solve:


This class looks like it has exactly what you need!

write(byte[] audioData, int offsetInBytes, int sizeInBytes)

Writes the audio data to the audio hardware for playback.


Change your stream to AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC


The question is whether you want to play PCM samples you receive from some source directly in the Android app or if you have some external files you need to convert. In the first case go the way as jack57 described. It is really easy and you can even add markers to have precise timing.

int bufferSize = AudioTrack.getMinBufferSize(sampleRate, AudioFormat.CHANNEL_OUT_MONO, AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT);

AudioTrack mAudioTrack = new AudioTrack(AudioManager.STREAM_MUSIC, sampleRate, AudioFormat.CHANNEL_OUT_MONO, AudioFormat.ENCODING_PCM_16BIT, bufferSize, AudioTrack.MODE_STREAM);


then call write method in a cycle:

mAudioTrack.write(buffer, 0, buffer.length);

In the second case just use some free audio editor: http://audacity.sourceforge.net/download/. You can store PCM samples as a .txt file, open it in the editor and save in a format you need…

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