PHP array combinations-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I have an array of 7 numbers (1,2,3,4,5,6,7) and I want to make pairs of 5 numbers like (1,2,3,4,5),(1,2,3,4,6,),(1,2,3,4,7) .
(1,2,3,4,5) is equal to (4,5,3,1,2)

I would like to know if there is a function in PHP or any algorithm that can do this ?
I have no idea where to start from.
Can you help me ?

I want all the combinations of 7 given numbers ( they are taken from an array ) put into 5 slots,disregarding order

How to solve:

You can use the solution found here http://stereofrog.com/blok/on/070910.

Incase the link goes down here’s the code….

class Combinations implements Iterator
{
    protected $c = null;
    protected $s = null;
    protected $n = 0;
    protected $k = 0;
    protected $pos = 0;

    function __construct($s, $k) {
        if(is_array($s)) {
            $this->s = array_values($s);
            $this->n = count($this->s);
        } else {
            $this->s = (string) $s;
            $this->n = strlen($this->s);
        }
        $this->k = $k;
        $this->rewind();
    }
    function key() {
        return $this->pos;
    }
    function current() {
        $r = array();
        for($i = 0; $i < $this->k; $i++)
            $r[] = $this->s[$this->c[$i]];
        return is_array($this->s) ? $r : implode('', $r);
    }
    function next() {
        if($this->_next())
            $this->pos++;
        else
            $this->pos = -1;
    }
    function rewind() {
        $this->c = range(0, $this->k);
        $this->pos = 0;
    }
    function valid() {
        return $this->pos >= 0;
    }

    protected function _next() {
        $i = $this->k - 1;
        while ($i >= 0 && $this->c[$i] == $this->n - $this->k + $i)
            $i--;
        if($i < 0)
            return false;
        $this->c[$i]++;
        while($i++ < $this->k - 1)
            $this->c[$i] = $this->c[$i - 1] + 1;
        return true;
    }
}


foreach(new Combinations("1234567", 5) as $substring)
    echo $substring, ' ';

12345 12346 12347 12356 12357 12367 12456 12457 12467 12567 13456 13457 13467 13567 14567 23456 23457 23467 23567 24567 34567

Answer:

<?php

echo "<pre>";
$test = array("test_1","test_2","test_3");

// Get Combination
$return = uniqueCombination($test);

//Sort
sort($return);

//Pretty Print
print_r(array_map(function($v){ return implode(",", $v); }, $return));

function uniqueCombination($in, $minLength = 1, $max = 2000) {
    $count = count($in);
    $members = pow(2, $count);
    $return = array();
    for($i = 0; $i < $members; $i ++) {
        $b = sprintf("%0" . $count . "b", $i);
        $out = array();
        for($j = 0; $j < $count; $j ++) {
            $b{$j} == '1' and $out[] = $in[$j];
        }

        count($out) >= $minLength && count($out) <= $max and $return[] = $out;
        }
    return $return;
}

?>

output

Array
(
    [0] => test_1
    [1] => test_2
    [2] => test_3
    [3] => test_1,test_2
    [4] => test_1,test_3
    [5] => test_2,test_3
    [6] => test_1,test_2,test_3
)

Answer:

The Math_Combinatorics in PEAR repository does exactly what you want:

A package that returns all the combinations and permutations, without
repetition
, of a given set and subset size. Associative arrays are
preserved.

require_once 'Math/Combinatorics.php';
$combinatorics = new Math_Combinatorics;

$input = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7);
$output = $combinatorics->combinations($input, 5); // 5 is the subset size

// 1,2,3,4,5
// 1,2,3,4,6
// 1,2,3,4,7
// 1,2,3,5,6
// 1,2,3,5,7
// 1,2,3,6,7
// 1,2,4,5,6
// 1,2,4,5,7
// 1,2,4,6,7
// 1,2,5,6,7
// 1,3,4,5,6
// 1,3,4,5,7
// 1,3,4,6,7
// 1,3,5,6,7
// 1,4,5,6,7
// 2,3,4,5,6
// 2,3,4,5,7
// 2,3,4,6,7
// 2,3,5,6,7
// 2,4,5,6,7
// 3,4,5,6,7

Answer:

Another solution that bases on stack. It’s quit fast but eats much memory.

Hope that helps someone.

In detail:

function _combine($numbers, $length)
{
    $combinations = array();
    $stack = array();

    // every combinations can be ordered
    sort($numbers);

    // startup
    array_push($stack, array(
        'store' => array(),
        'options' => $numbers,
    ));

    while (true) {
        // pop a item
        $item = array_pop($stack);

        // end of stack
        if (!$item) {
            break;
        }

        // valid store
        if ($length <= count($item['store'])) {
            $combinations[] = $item['store'];
            continue;
        }

        // bypass when options are not enough
        if (count($item['store']) + count($item['options']) < $length) {
            continue;
        }

        foreach ($item['options'] as $index => $n) {
            $newStore = $item['store'];
            $newStore[] = $n;

            // every combine can be ordered
            // so accept only options which is greater than store numbers
            $newOptions = array_slice($item['options'], $index + 1);

            // push new items
            array_push($stack, array(
                'store' => $newStore,
                'options' => $newOptions,
            ));
        }
    }

    return $combinations;
}

Answer:

New solution which optimizes speed and memory for combining algorithm

Mindset: generate combinations K numbers of Array of numbers. New solution will use K ‘for’ statements. One ‘for’ One number.
Such as: $K = 5 mean that 5 of ‘for’ statements is used

$total = count($array);
$i0 = -1;
for ($i1 = $i0 + 1; $i1 < $total; $i1++) {
    for ($i2 = $i1 + 1; $i2 < $total; $i2++) {
        for ($i3 = $i2 + 1; $i3 < $total; $i3++) {
            for ($i4 = $i3 + 1; $i4 < $total; $i4++) {
                for ($i5 = $i4 + 1; $i5 < $total; $i5++) {
                    $record = array();
                    for ($i = 1; $i <= $k; $i++) {
                        $t = "i$i";
                        $record[] = $array[$$t];
                    }
                    $callback($record);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

And detail of code that generated the real code that will be execute by eval() function

function combine($array, $k, $callback)
{
    $total = count($array);
    $init = '
        $i0 = -1;
    ';
    $sample = '
        for($i{current} = $i{previous} + 1; $i{current} < $total; $i{current}++ ) {
            {body}
        }
    ';

    $do = '
        $record = array();
        for ($i = 1; $i <= $k; $i++) {
            $t = "i$i";
            $record[] = $array[$$t];
        }
        $callback($record);
    ';
    $for = '';
    for ($i = $k; $i >= 1; $i--) {
        switch ($i) {
            case $k:
                $for = str_replace(['{current}', '{previous}', '{body}'], [$i, $i - 1, $do], $sample);
                break;
            case 1:
                $for = $init . str_replace(['{current}', '{previous}', '{body}'], [$i, $i - 1, $for], $sample);
                break;
            default:
                $for = str_replace(['{current}', '{previous}', '{body}'], [$i, $i - 1, $for], $sample);
                break;
        }
    }

    // execute
    eval($for);
}

How to combine K numbers of Array

$k = 5;
$array = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7);
$callback = function ($record) {
    echo implode($record) . "\n";
};
combine($array, $k, $callback);

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