php – CodeIgniter3: Why would $_SERVER['CI_ENV'] ever be set in the first place?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I see that in their default installation, their index.php has this:

define('ENVIRONMENT', isset($_SERVER['CI_ENV']) ? $_SERVER['CI_ENV'] : 'development');

Why would CI_ENV ever already be set within the $_SERVER array?

How to solve:

As Oliver described; it’s a special-use case for multiple environments. Splitting out the development, testing & production by means of .htaccess before it even gets to the code. To configure this:

Development (Localhost)

<IfModule mod_env.c>
    SetEnv CI_ENV development

Testing (Your Local Server)

<IfModule mod_env.c>
    SetEnv CI_ENV testing

Production (Remote Server)

<IfModule mod_env.c>
    SetEnv CI_ENV production

You’re right in thinking it won’t ever change unless there’s some manual intervention. There’s not much documentation in regards to this:

“This server variable can be set in your .htaccess file, or Apache config using SetEnv. Alternative methods are available for nginx and other servers, or you can remove this logic entirely and set the constant based on the server’s IP address.”

Source: Using the Environment Constant


Just in case you are using nginx, here is the configuration you have to add
inside vhosts configuration:

  server {

        location ~ \.php$ {
            fastcgi_param CI_ENV production;

save and run nginx syntax check (just to avoid you from cursing me):

nginx -t

if you having issues or you cant find the parameter, you can follow the answer below:
Nginx variables similar to SetEnv in Apache?


It is a convention used by codeigniter. It helps the framework function ‘out of the box’.

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