php – How does HTTP_USER_AGENT work?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

Possible Duplicate:
Why navigator.appCodeName returning Mozilla?

When I get the PHP server variable HTTP_USER_AGENT with this code:

   $useragent = $_SERVER ['HTTP_USER_AGENT'];
   echo "<b>Your User Agent is</b>: " . $useragent;

I get this in Google chrome:

Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537.4 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/22.0.1229.94 Safari/537.4

This in firefox:

Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; rv:16.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/16.0

And this in IE:

Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/5.0; BOIE9;NLNL)

My obvious question is how does this work. Why does my user-agent say Mozilla and Windows NT while I am using Google chrome?

Also why does it say that I use firefox when I am using IE?

How to solve:

The user agent string is a text that the browsers themselves send to the webserver to identify themselves, so that websites can send different content based on the browser or based on browser compatibility.

Mozilla is a browser rendering engine (the one at the core of Firefox) and the fact that Chrome and IE contain the string Mozilla/4 or /5 identifies them as being compatible with that rendering engine.


Visit that page, it’ll give you a good explanation of each element of your user agent.


MozillaProductSlice. Claims to be a Mozilla based user agent, which is only true for Gecko browsers like Firefox and Netscape. For all other user agents it means ‘Mozilla-compatible’. In modern browsers, this is only used for historical reasons. It has no real meaning anymore

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