php – Laravel check if collection is empty-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’ve got this in my Laravel webapp:

@foreach($mentors as $mentor)
    @foreach($mentor->intern as $intern)
        <tr class="table-row-link" data-href="/werknemer/{!! $intern->employee->EmployeeId !!}">
            <td>{{ $intern->employee->FirstName }}</td>
            <td>{{  $intern->employee->LastName }}</td>
        </tr>
    @endforeach
@endforeach

How could I check if there are any $mentors->intern->employee ?

When I do :

@if(count($mentors))

It does not check for that.

How to solve:

You can always count the collection. For example $mentor->intern->count() will return how many intern does a mentor have.

https://laravel.com/docs/5.2/collections#method-count

In your code you can do something like this

foreach($mentors as $mentor)
    @if($mentor->intern->count() > 0)
    @foreach($mentor->intern as $intern)
        <tr class="table-row-link" data-href="/werknemer/{!! $intern->employee->EmployeeId !!}">
            <td>{{ $intern->employee->FirstName }}</td>
            <td>{{  $intern->employee->LastName }}</td>
        </tr>
    @endforeach
    @else
        Mentor don't have any intern
    @endif
@endforeach

Answer:

To determine if there are any results you can do any of the following:

if ($mentor->first()) { } 
if (!$mentor->isEmpty()) { }
if ($mentor->count()) { }
if (count($mentor)) { }
if ($mentor->isNotEmpty()) { }

Notes / References

->first()

https://laravel.com/api/5.7/Illuminate/Database/Eloquent/Collection.html#method_first

isEmpty() https://laravel.com/api/5.7/Illuminate/Database/Eloquent/Collection.html#method_isEmpty

->count()

https://laravel.com/api/5.7/Illuminate/Database/Eloquent/Collection.html#method_count

count($mentors) works because the Collection implements Countable and an internal count() method:

https://laravel.com/api/5.7/Illuminate/Database/Eloquent/Collection.html#method_count

isNotEmpty()

https://laravel.com/docs/5.7/collections#method-isnotempty

So what you can do is :

if (!$mentors->intern->employee->isEmpty()) { }

Answer:

Starting from Laravel 5.3 you can simply use :

if ($mentor->isNotEmpty()) {
//do something.
}

Documentation https://laravel.com/docs/5.5/collections#method-isnotempty

Answer:

This is the fastest way:

if ($coll->isEmpty()) {...}

Other solutions like count do a bit more than you need which costs slightly more time.

Plus, the isEmpty() name quite precisely describes what you want to check there so your code will be more readable.

Answer:

From php7 you can use Null Coalesce Opperator:

$employee = $mentors->intern ?? $mentors->intern->employee

This will return Null or the employee.

Answer:

I prefer

(!$mentor)

Is more effective and accurate

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