php – Show correct aspect ratio-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am trying to get the aspect ratio of a photo but the following code shows wrong aspect ratio on a photo with 3776 in width and 2520 in height (472:315) but it shows correct aspect ratio on a photo with 3968 in width and 2232 in height though (16:9).

function gcd($a, $b) {
    if($a == 0 || $b == 0) {
        return abs(max(abs($a), abs($b)));
    }

    $r = $a % $b;
    return ($r != 0) ? gcd($b, $r) : abs($b);
}

$gcd = gcd($widtho, $heighto);
echo ($widtho / $gcd).':'.($heighto / $gcd);

How can I solve my problem?

Thanks in advance.

How to solve:

Actually, 3780×2520 is an aspect ratio of 3:2; because you’re using 3776 for the width, 472:315 is the correct ratio. If you do the division, it comes out to 1.498, which is pretty close-enough to 1.5 to consider rounding to 3:2.

If you want only “standard” ratios (like “3:2” or “16:9”), you could pass the detected ratio to another function that rounds them to find the nearest/best-match instead.

This is a thrown-together function that can do the rounding for you (only tested against the dimensions in your example, so I can’t guarantee 100% success yet):

function findBestMatch($ratio) {
    $commonRatios = array(
        array(1, '1:1'), array((4 / 3), '4:3'), array((3 / 2), '3:2'),
        array((5 / 3), '5:3'), array((16 / 9), '16:9'), array(3, '3')
    );

    list($numerator, $denominator) = explode(':', $ratio);
    $value = $numerator / $denominator;

    $end = (count($commonRatios) - 1);
    for ($i = 0; $i < $end; $i++) {
        if ($value == $commonRatios[$i][0]) {
            // we have an equal-ratio; no need to check anything else!
            return $commonRatios[$i][1];
        } else if ($value < $commonRatios[$i][0]) {
            // this can only happen if the ratio is `< 1`
            return $commonRatios[$i][1];
        } else if (($value > $commonRatios[$i][0]) && ($value < $commonRatios[$i + 1][0])) {
            // the ratio is in-between the current common-ratio and the next in the list
            // find whichever one it's closer-to and return that one.
            return (($value - $commonRatios[$i][0]) < ($commonRatios[$i + 1][0] - $value)) ? $commonRatios[$i][1] : $commonRatios[$i + 1][1];
        }
    }

    // we didn't find a match; that means we have a ratio higher than our biggest common one
    // return the original value
    return $ratio;
}

To use this function, you pass in the ratio-string (not the numeric value) to it and it will attempt to “find a best match” in the common list of ratios.

Example usage:

$widtho = 3968;
$heighto = 2232;
$gcd = gcd($widtho, $heighto);
$ratio = ($widtho / $gcd).':'.($heighto / $gcd);
echo 'found: ' . $ratio . "\n";
echo 'match: ' . findBestMatch($ratio) . "\n";

$widtho = 3776;
$heighto = 2520;
$gcd = gcd($widtho, $heighto);
$ratio = ($widtho / $gcd).':'.($heighto / $gcd);
echo 'found: ' . $ratio . "\n";
echo 'match: ' . findBestMatch($ratio) . "\n";

$widtho = 3780;
$heighto = 2520;
$gcd = gcd($widtho, $heighto);
$ratio = ($widtho / $gcd).':'.($heighto / $gcd);
echo 'found: ' . $ratio . "\n";
echo 'match: ' . findBestMatch($ratio) . "\n";

The above test will output the following:

found: 16:9
match: 16:9

found: 472:315
match: 3:2

found: 3:2
match: 3:2

* I took the list of “standard” aspect ratios from wikipedia, if you want a reference.

Answer:

I found this gist which works nicely in Javascript. So I ported it to PHP.

  /**
   * Returns the nearest aspect ratio of a width and height within a limited range of possible aspect ratios.
   * In other words, while 649x360 technically has an aspect ratio of 649:360,
   * it’s often useful to know that the nearest normal aspect ratio is actually 9:5 (648x360).
   * @param $width
   * @param $height
   * @param int $side The nearest ratio to side with. A number higher than zero
   * tells the function to always return the nearest ratio that is equal or higher
   * than the actual ratio, whereas a smaller number returns the nearest ratio higher
   * that is equal or smaller than the actual ratio. Defaults to 0.
   * @param int $maxW The maximum width in the nearest normal aspect ratio. Defaults to 16.
   * @param int $maxH The maximum height in the nearest normal aspect ratio. Defaults to 16.
   * @return string|null
   */

   function closestAspectRatio($width, $height, $side = 0, $maxW = 16, $maxH = 16) {

    $ratiosT = [];
    $ratios = [];
    $ratio = ($width * 100) / ($height * 100);
    $maxW++;
    $maxH++;

    for ($w = 1; $w < $maxW; $w++) {
      for ($h = 1; $h < $maxH; $h++) {
        $ratioX = strval(($w * 100) / ($h * 100));
        if (!array_key_exists($ratioX, $ratiosT)) {
          $ratiosT[$ratioX] = TRUE;
          $ratios[$w . ':' . $h] = $ratioX;
        }
      }
    }

    $match = NULL;

    foreach ($ratios as $key => $value) {

      if (!$match || (!$side && abs($ratio - $value) < abs($ratio - $ratios[$match])
        ) || (
          $side < 0 && $value <= $ratio && abs($ratio - $value) < abs($ratio - $ratios[$match])
        ) || (
          $side > 0 && $value >= $ratio && abs($ratio - $value) < abs($ratio - $ratios[$match])
        )) {
        $match = $key;
      }
    }

    return $match;
  }

Use it this way (with all parameters):

print closestAspectRatio(3776, 2520, 0, 16, 16); // prints 3:2
print closestAspectRatio(2520, 3776, 0, 16, 16); // prints 2:3

Here is the JS demo for reference:

console.log('3776 x 2520 = ' + nearestNormalAspectRatio(3776, 2520, 0));
console.log('2520 x 3776 = ' + nearestNormalAspectRatio(2520, 3776, 0));

function nearestNormalAspectRatio(width, height, side) {
  var
    ratio = (width * 100) / (height * 100),
    maxW = 3 in arguments ? arguments[2] : 16,
    maxH = 4 in arguments ? arguments[3] : 16,
    ratiosW = new Array(maxW).join(',').split(','),
    ratiosH = new Array(maxH).join(',').split(','),
    ratiosT = {},
    ratios = {},
    match,
    key;

  ratiosW.forEach(function(empty, ratioW) {
    ++ratioW;

    ratiosH.forEach(function(empty, ratioH) {
      ++ratioH;

      ratioX = (ratioW * 100) / (ratioH * 100);

      if (!ratiosT[ratioX]) {
        ratiosT[ratioX] = true;

        ratios[ratioW + ':' + ratioH] = ratioX;
      }
    });
  });

  for (key in ratios) {
    if (!match || (!side && Math.abs(ratio - ratios[key]) < Math.abs(ratio - ratios[match])) || (
        side < 0 && ratios[key] <= ratio && Math.abs(ratio - ratios[key]) < Math.abs(ratio - ratios[match])
      ) || (
        side > 0 && ratios[key] >= ratio && Math.abs(ratio - ratios[key]) < Math.abs(ratio - ratios[match])
      )) {
      match = key;
    }
  }

  return match;
}

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *