php – SimpleXML – I/O warning : failed to load external entity-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I’m trying to create a small application that will simply read an RSS feed and then layout the info on the page.

All the instructions I find make this seem simplistic but for some reason it just isn’t working. I have the following

include_once(ABSPATH.WPINC.'/rss.php');
$feed = file_get_contents('http://feeds.bbci.co.uk/sport/0/football/rss.xml?edition=int');
$items = simplexml_load_file($feed);

That’s it, it then breaks on the third line with the following error

Error: [2] simplexml_load_file() [function.simplexml-load-file]: I/O warning : failed to load external entity "<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <?xm
The rest of the XML file is shown.

I have turned on allow_url_fopen and allow_url_include in my settings but still nothing.
I’ve tried multiple feeds that all end up with the same result?

I’m going mad here

How to solve:

simplexml_load_file() interprets an XML file (either a file on your disk or a URL) into an object. What you have in $feed is a string.

You have two options:

  • Use file_get_contents() to get the XML feed as a string, and use e simplexml_load_string():

    $feed = file_get_contents('...');
    $items = simplexml_load_string($feed);
    
  • Load the XML feed directly using simplexml_load_file():

    $items = simplexml_load_file('...');
    

Answer:

You can also load the content with cURL, if file_get_contents insn’t enabled on your server.

Example:

$ch = curl_init();  

curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL,"http://feeds.bbci.co.uk/sport/0/football/rss.xml?edition=int");
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,true);

$output = curl_exec($ch);

curl_close($ch);

$items = simplexml_load_string($output);

Answer:

this also works:

$url = "http://www.some-url";
$ch = curl_init();
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
$xmlresponse = curl_exec($ch);
$xml=simplexml_load_string($xmlresponse);

then I just run a forloop to grab the stuff from the nodes.

like this:`

for($i = 0; $i < 20; $i++) {
$title = $xml->channel->item[$i]->title;
$link = $xml->channel->item[$i]->link;
$desc = $xml->channel->item[$i]->description;
$html .="<div><h3>$title</h3>$link<br />$desc</div><hr>";
}
echo $html;

***note that your node names will differ, obviously..and your HTML might be structured differently…also your loop might be set to higher or lower amount of results.

Answer:

$url = 'http://legis.senado.leg.br/dadosabertos/materia/tramitando';
$xml = file_get_contents("xml->{$url}");
$xml = simplexml_load_file($url);

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