python – Capturing group with findall?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

How can I access captured groups if I do findall(r'regex(with)capturing.goes.here') ?
I know I can do it through finditer, but I don’t want to iterate.

How to solve:

findall just returns the captured groups:

>>> re.findall('abc(de)fg(123)', 'abcdefg123 and again abcdefg123')
[('de', '123'), ('de', '123')]

Relevant doc excerpt:

Return all non-overlapping matches of
pattern in string, as a list of
strings. The string is scanned
left-to-right, and matches are
returned in the order found. If one or
more groups are present in the
pattern, return a list of groups; this
will be a list of tuples if the
pattern has more than one group. Empty
matches are included in the result
unless they touch the beginning of
another match.

Answer:

Use groups freely. The matches will be returned as a list of group-tuples:

>>> re.findall('(1(23))45', '12345')
[('123', '23')]

If you want the full match to be included, just enclose the entire regex in a group:

>>> re.findall('(1(23)45)', '12345')
[('12345', '23')]

Answer:

Several ways are possible:

>>> import re
>>> r = re.compile(r"'(\d+)'")
>>> result = r.findall("'1', '2', '345'")
>>> result
['1', '2', '345']
>>> result[0]
'1'
>>> for item in result:
...     print(item)
...
1
2
345
>>>

Answer:

import re
string = 'Perotto, Pier Giorgio'
names = re.findall(r'''
                 (?P<first>[-\w ]+),\s #first name
                 (?P<last> [-\w ]+) #last name
                 ''',string, re.X|re.M)

print(names)

returns

[('Perotto', 'Pier Giorgio')]

re.M would make sense if your string is multiline. Also you need VERBOSE (equal to re.X) mode in the regex I’ve written because it is using '''

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