python – trying to install pymssql on ubuntu 12.04 using pip-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I am trying to install pymssql on ubuntu 12.04 using pip. This is the error I am getting. Any help would be greatly appreciated as I am completely lost!

Tried googling this but unfortunately to no avail…

  Downloading pymssql-2.0.0b1-dev-20130403.tar.gz (2.8Mb): 2.8Mb downloaded
  Running setup.py egg_info for package pymssql
    warning: no files found matching '*.pyx' under directory 'Cython/Debugger/Tests'
    warning: no files found matching '*.pxd' under directory 'Cython/Debugger/Tests'
    warning: no files found matching '*.h' under directory 'Cython/Debugger/Tests'
    warning: no files found matching '*.pxd' under directory 'Cython/Utility'
    Compiling module Cython.Plex.Scanners ...
    Compiling module Cython.Plex.Actions ...
    Compiling module Cython.Compiler.Lexicon ...
    Compiling module Cython.Compiler.Scanning ...
    Compiling module Cython.Compiler.Parsing ...
    Compiling module Cython.Compiler.Visitor ...
    Compiling module Cython.Compiler.FlowControl ...
    Compiling module Cython.Compiler.Code ...
    Compiling module Cython.Runtime.refnanny ...

    Installed /home/radek/build/pymssql/Cython-0.19.1-py2.7-linux-x86_64.egg
    cc -c /tmp/clock_gettimeh7sDgX.c -o tmp/clock_gettimeh7sDgX.o
    cc tmp/clock_gettimeh7sDgX.o -lrt -o a.out

    warning: no files found matching 'win32/freetds.zip'
Installing collected packages: pymssql
  Running setup.py install for pymssql
    skipping '_mssql.c' Cython extension (up-to-date)
    building '_mssql' extension
    gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -I/home/radek/build/pymssql/freetds/nix_64/include -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c _mssql.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/_mssql.o -Wno-parentheses-equality -DMSDBLIB
    gcc -pthread -shared -Wl,-O1 -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/_mssql.o -L/home/radek/build/pymssql/freetds/nix_64/lib -lsybdb -lct -lrt -o build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/_mssql.so
    /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lct
    collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
    error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1
    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/radek/build/pymssql/setup.py';exec(compile(open(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-Et_P1_-record/install-record.txt:
    running install

running build

running build_ext

skipping '_mssql.c' Cython extension (up-to-date)

building '_mssql' extension

creating build

creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7

gcc -pthread -fno-strict-aliasing -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -fPIC -I/home/radek/build/pymssql/freetds/nix_64/include -I/usr/include/python2.7 -c _mssql.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/_mssql.o -Wno-parentheses-equality -DMSDBLIB

creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7

gcc -pthread -shared -Wl,-O1 -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -Wl,-z,relro build/temp.linux-x86_64-2.7/_mssql.o -L/home/radek/build/pymssql/freetds/nix_64/lib -lsybdb -lct -lrt -o build/lib.linux-x86_64-2.7/_mssql.so

/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lct

collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

error: command 'gcc' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command /usr/bin/python -c "import setuptools;__file__='/home/radek/build/pymssql/setup.py';exec(compile(open(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --single-version-externally-managed --record /tmp/pip-Et_P1_-record/install-record.txt failed with error code 1
How to solve:

Make sure you have the python-dev package installed (needed to compile packages with native bindings (thanks to @ravihemnani).

Then you’ll need to install the FreeTDS development package (freetds-dev) before trying to install pymssql with pip:

$ sudo apt-get install freetds-dev

and then, in your virtualenv or wherever you wish to install it:

$ pip install pymssql

Answer:

Apart from freetds-dev, you need to install python-dev as well as follow.

sudo apt-get install python-dev

Or else, you will again face some error.

Answer:

For those on OpenSuse (and related OSes):

zypper in freetds-devel
pip install pymssql

Answer:

On Mac

brew install freetds@0.91
brew link --force freetds@0.91
pip install pymssql

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