sms – How to read the message content of a new in coming message in android?-ThrowExceptions

Exception or error:

I want to read the message body of a new incoming SMS in android, programmatically.

I tried something but that doesn’t return any contents:

Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox");
        ContextWrapper context = null;      
        Cursor c = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null ,null,null);      
        String body = null; 
        String number=null;
        if(c.moveToFirst()) {        
           body = c.getString(c.getColumnIndexOrThrow("body")).toString();
           number = c.getString(c.getColumnIndexOrThrow("address")).toString();
        }
        c.close(); 
How to solve:

I have posted some sample programs about this on my class website.
Here is the example Read SMS Example
Here is a snippet of code. Basically your can register a broadcast receiver to listen for SMS_Receive and check out the following.

Intent intent = getIntent();
    Bundle bundle = intent.getBundleExtra("mySMS");

    if (bundle != null) {
        Object[] pdus = (Object[])bundle.get("pdus");
        SmsMessage sms = SmsMessage.createFromPdu((byte[])pdus[0]);
        Log.i("mobile.cs.fsu.edu", "smsActivity : SMS is <" +  sms.getMessageBody() +">");

        //strip flag
        String message = sms.getMessageBody();
        while (message.contains("FLAG"))
            message = message.replace("FLAG", "");

        TextView tx = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.TextBox);
        tx.setText(message);            
    } else
        Log.i("mobile.cs.fsu.edu", "smsActivity : NULL SMS bundle");

###

Below is the piece of code which read the incoming message and display in the list view, don’ forget to add the permission in manifest file:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_SMS"/>

Here the code:

 listitem=(ListView)findViewById(R.id.ListView);

        Uri mSmsQueryUri = Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox");
        List<String> messages = new ArrayList<String>();

        Cursor cursor = null;
        try {
            cursor = getContentResolver().query(mSmsQueryUri, null, null, null, null);
            if (cursor == null) {
                Log.i(TAG, "cursor is null. uri: " + mSmsQueryUri);

            }
            for (boolean hasData = cursor.moveToFirst(); hasData; hasData = cursor.moveToNext()) {
                final String body = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow("body"));
                messages.add(body);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        } finally {
            cursor.close();
        }

        listitem.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(ReadMessage.this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,messages));

###

A very easy solution would be to use this SMS Parser library:

https://github.com/adorsys/sms-parser-android

compile 'de.adorsys.android:smsparser:0.0.3'

Using it you can either read the whole message, or specific parts of the incoming message. You can also set the phone numbers from which the message will be coming.

If you need more info about how it works or its usage check the github repository I listed above.

###

Here in this example i’ll demonstrate you that how to read the recent received(incoming) sms from inbox and to show it in textview.

 fstmsgBtn.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener()

    { public void onClick(View v) 
    {
        Uri my_uri = Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox");          
        Cursor readFstSms =v.getContext().getContentResolver().query(my_uri, null, null ,null,null); 
        if(readFstSms.moveToFirst()) 
        {
           String  msg_body =  c.getString(c.getColumnIndexOrThrow("body")).toString();
           //String sender_number = c.getString(c.getColumnIndexOrThrow("address")).toString();
           readtxt.setText(msg_body);
        }
        readFstSms.close();
    }
    });

###

listitem=(ListView)findViewById(R.id.list_view);

            Uri mSmsQueryUri = Uri.parse("content://sms/inbox");
            List<String> messages = new ArrayList<String>();

            Cursor cursor = null;
            try {
                cursor = getContentResolver().query(mSmsQueryUri, null, null, null, null);
                if (cursor == null) {
                   // Log.i(TAG, "cursor is null. uri: " + mSmsQueryUri);

                }
                for (boolean hasData = cursor.moveToFirst(); hasData; hasData = cursor.moveToNext()) {
                    final String body = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow("body")).toString();
                    final String sender_no= cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow("address")).toString();
                    final String date= cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow("date"));
                    final String type =cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow("type"));


                    messages.add(body);
                    messages.add(sender_no);
                    messages.add(date);
                    messages.add(type);
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                //Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
            } finally {
                cursor.close();
            }

            listitem.setAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(MainActivity.this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,messages));
     }
}

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